Norbert Pümpel's artistic career began with concept art at the end of the 1970s. He decided not to attend an academy of art and instead studied mathematics, physics and philosophy (without graduating). As an autodidact, he developed pictorial concepts at the interface with the sciences. "For decades, Pümpel has been addressing philosophical and scientific questions, which are given pictorial form in his conceptual-oriented art. His thinking is determined by problems of time and space, which have been an intensive subject of art since the early 20th century, the materiality of manifestations, questions of quantum physics and the theory of probability." (Christoph Bertsch, 2007) His works have included entropic drawings (starting in 1976), laser projects (1980) and work on the theory of black holes (1981) and Schrödinger's cat paradox (2005/2008).
Reality has evaporated
“Since the 1970s he has developed an art that operates at the interface of natural science, philosophy and theology, circling – on continually spiraling paths of thought – the old question of the possibility and the limits of human knowledge and, by extension, orbiting the potential of the image and its powers compared with reality." (Harald Kimpel, 2011) What are at first questions of physics give way more and more to problems of philosophy and the theory of knowledge. It is evident that the artist, as a part of the universe, reflects on it and on himself: “Part of Universe Reflecting Part of Universe” (2004), a series of small diptychs first shown in the “Kraftwerk Peripher” exhibition organized by Christoph Bertsch in the Imst/Au power station. Some of the works now form part of the Liaunig Collection. Peace policy is a frequent topic in Norbert Pümpel’s work, starting with the monumental drawing “Probability Statement on a Guernica in the Late 20th Century” (1982). “In 1982, when N. Pümpel developed an infinite panorama of entropy under the title ‘Probability Statement on a Guernica in the Late 20th Century’, he simultaneously defined the beginning and endpoint for his future art. So completely had the artist eliminated the visible with his radical statement about the potential consequences of theory become practice, so fundamentally destroyed all form in shaping shapelessness, that – having depicted the irreversible state of chaos – there remained nothing capable of depiction. The very framework of matter had shattered and been dissolved once and for all in universal disorder. At an early point in his biography, therefore, the artist had adopted an extreme position with his views of nothingness, with an uncompromising message that could not but call into question any further form of constructive work.” (Harald Kimpel, 1990) The nuclear threat is also a recurrent subject with Pümpel the physicist. In 1989 he created the first Scientific Disaster Series (1990), his first ash works on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Between 2009 and 2011, too, Pümpel created large-format paper works under the title “Nuclear Solstice” on the subject of the nuclear tests conducted in the 1940s and 50s. Five large works from this group are now in the Liaunig Collection. In his latest series of works, entitled “Condensates”, Pümpel returns to the working methods of the natural sciences, employing laboratory-style test series to develop self-organizing image systems. “The works describe states of probability, blurring all spatial structures in new aggregate states and creating a liquid, fleeting, wave-dynamic image of the world.” (Harald Kimpel, 2014) From 1992 to 2002 Member of the Cultural Council of the Tyrolean State Government. In 2008 he moved to Götzis/Vorarlberg/Austria. In 2010 he was awarded with the Gold Medal for Merit to the Republic of Austria. From 2010 to 2016 he was a member of the Executive Board of the Professional Association of Visual Artists in Vorarlberg. 2011 opened a new studio in Hohenems, Austria.
- 1981: Lecture at the Sky Art Conference Massachusetts Institute of Technology Cambridge Mass.
- 1991: Lecture on Sculpture Leopold Franzens Universität Innsbruck
- 1994/95 Lecture Space in Contemporary Art Leopold Franzens Universität Innsbruck
"Reality has evaporated ': Karl Popper's theorem on the impossibility of objective knowledge in the face of the observation elusive reality seems not inappropriate working basis for an artist who has made the presentation of the impossibility of objective representation of reality to the task. Although the question of the image, so the relationship between reality and the modalities of their reflection, artists have always been challenged – but no one has asked them so consistently and used for artistic responses as Norbert Pümpel. Since the 1970s, he has developed a work that is at the border between science, philosophy and theology in new thoughts spirals, the old question of the possibilities and limits of human knowledge, and – by extension – orbiting the possibilities of the image and its performance compared with the reality.
- Hammerschlag Nr. 2, 1978 Series in three parts; ca. 90 x 190 cm, exhibited: Galerie Krinzinger Innsbruck (A) 1979, and Bregenz Palais Thurn und Taxis, 1979; published in: Peter Weiermair, Medium Zeichnung, Allerheiligenpresse Innsbruck 1979, and J.M. Seebacher, Wahrnehmen, Palais Thurn und Taxis, Bregenz, 1979 (Grphic Collection Albertina Vienna)
- Stars and Stripes Projekt, 1981 6 Picture groups of four parts, mixed media and collage on primed paper, 100 x 276 cm to 100 x 1075 cm, exhibited and published in "Künstler aus Tirol", Pécsi Galéria, Pecs (Hungary), 1986; (Public art collection in the center of Alpbach: Schrödinger hall)
- Probability Statement to a Guernica in the Late 20th Century, 1982 24 parts- Installation, 291 x 929,6 cm; exhibites ati "Zukunftsräume – Bildwelten und Weltbilder der Science Fiction", curated by Harald Kimpel, Orangerie, Kassel (Germany), 29. 4. bis 17. 6. 1984 and "Zukunftsräume – Bildwelten und Weltbilder der Science Fiction" Erlangen(G), Städtische Galerie in summer 1984 and also at "Die Vertikale Gefahr. Luftkrieg in der Kunst" [zum 50. Jahrestag der Zerstörung Kassels], documenta- Halle Kassel, 24. 9. bis 31. 10. 1993 as well as at the personal exhibition "Wahrscheinliche Aussage zu einem Guernica des späten 20. Jahrhunderts" at the Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum, Innsbruck, 28. 1. bis 20. 2. 2005 published in: Die vertikale Gefahr, Luftkrieg in der Kunst, Marburg 1993 and in Zona Ovest, Skarabäus Studienverlag, Innsbruck, Wien, München 2007 und in Kunst in Tirol, P: Naredi-Rainer, L. Madersbacher, Innsbruck 2007
- Das Große Stadion, 1983 mixed media on primed paper, 3 parts: 126 x 210 cm. Exhibited 1984 at „Orwell und die Gegenwart“ in the Museum des 20. Jahrhunderts in Wien (Katalog)
- Heinrich – Heine – Zyklus, 1986 Series of 14 parts, each: 126 x 90 cm, published in: N. Pümpel, Arbeiten 1977–87, Landeck (A), 1987 (Property: Bank Austria Vienna Austria)
- White Fire Curtain, 1990 Egg tempera and ashes on canvas, 190 x 250 cm published in: Harald Kimpel, Die Schwerkraft der Bilder, N. Pümpels kreativer Beitrag zur Theorie der unterlassenen Praxis, in: N. Pümpel, 238,0289, Arbeiten über die universellen Naturkonstanten und die Atombombe, Landeck (Austria), 1990 exhibited and published in: Harald Kimpel; Der Luftkrieg in der Kunst, Kassel, documenta Halle, 1993
- Apricot Disaster 2009, mixed media on paper, 154 x 114 cm (owned by the Republic of Austria: the Federal Artotheque Vienna)
- Scientific Disaster No III, 1990 Egg tempera, cadmiumred and ashes on canvas, 120 x 125 cm exhibited at "Caution – Art" at the Thomas Segal Gallery Boston, 1991 (private property)
- Part of Universe Reflecting Part of Universe, 2003 Four-part work on canvas on wood, 60 x 204 cm, exhibited and published in: Kraftwerk Peripher,Imst-Au, 2004 and at “Realität und Abstraktion 2“ Museum Liaunig, 2012 (private property)
- (First Lightning) Dark Lightning (Joe1) 2011, mixed media on paper 154 x 114 cm (private property)
- Devastated Land and South Pacific Winter Series, 2012 – 2013
- Indeterminate Land, 2012 – 2015
Starting in 2012, Norbert Pümpel used abstract space, a "play of apparent nothingness and matter" (Kurzemann), to develop works in which material is – quasi accidentally – condensed, deposited and accumulated. These more clearly structured pictorial universes are suggestive of atmosphere and landscapes with sometimes clear and sometimes diffuse horizons. What is uncertain is whether this world is liquid, gaseous or solid. It is the image of a world that defies classification or equation with a specific region.
And in general, the indeterminate and fortuitous form part of the working method of Norbert Pümpel, in whose studio the sheets of paper and canvases develop over weeks and months as in a test series in a laboratory. The artist seems to set in motion processes for organisation and decision-making. He uses oils, bitumen and various solutions on very thin Chinese rice paper and on canvas.
- Objects on Wittgenstein, 2011 – 2013
- Fleeting Memorials, 2012 – 2015
Norbert Pümpel's series of Fleeting Memorials are approximately square works on paper of different sizes measuring between about 30 x 33 cm and 46 x 43 cm. They comprise two sheets of Wenzhou paper and bear a ten-digit number and a date. The number refers to the number of human beings on earth at the time of completion of the work. The works are subject to visible change in the course of time. Thanks to the materials used, the paper and the colours darken in the first twenty, thirty years. The paper will start to become brittle until, after a hundred years or so, it will perhaps disintegrate. The processes cannot be calculated precisely as they depend on environmental factors relating to the air, humidity and light
- Condensates 2013 – 2015
Norbert Pümpel bases his latest series of works on thoughts on Bose-Einstein condensation: the unorthodox behavioural pattern displayed by matter in an ultra-cold state. At such temperatures, quantum effects can for the first time be observed on a macroscopic scale and described as a wave function. A discontinuous view of the world is replaced by a continuum of superfluid material in the form of an oscillation with no defined localisation. The artist's works describe states of probability in new aggregate states blurring all spatial structures and offering a liquid, fleeting, wave-dynamic image. (Harald Kimpel, Kassel 2013, translated by Chris Marsh)
- Objects 2016 - 2017
Since 1978 exhibitions in Europe, USA and Japan:
- 1979 Europa 79, Stuttgart/Ger. Curated by Hans-Jürgen Müller, Ursula Schurr and Max Hetzler, with Tony Cragg, Sandro Chia, Francesco Clemente and others
- 1984 Orwell und die Gegenwart, Museum of the 20th Century in Vienna/A, with Jochen Gerz, Jörg Immendorff, Robert Morris, Roy Lichtenstein and others; (Katalog)
- 1985 Wahrscheinliche Bilder, First one man museum exhibition in the State and Municipal Art Collections, the Bellevue Palace, Kassel, Germany.
- 1992 Concept Space, Shibukawa, Japan
- 1993 Die Vertikale Gefahr. Der Luftkrieg in der Kunst, Kassel documenta Halle, with Günther Uecker, Gerhard Richter, Arnulf Rainer and others;
- 1996 Dies ist kein Bild, Galerie St. Barbara Osterfestival Innsbruck/A
- 1997 Entgegen – religion.gedächtnis.körper, Graz, with Anish Kapoor, Roman Opalka, Joseph Beuys;
- 1999 Objective and Observed Files, Concept Space, Shibukawa, Japan
- 2002 Micro Stills, Concept Space, Shibukawa, Japan
- 2003 Sharjah Art Museum and Expo Centre, Sharja/ Unites Arab Emirates, 6th International Art Biennial, in Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
- 2005 Probability Satement to Guernica in the Late 20th Century, Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum, Innsbruck (Austria)
- 2006 SCIENTIFIC DISASTER – The Hiroshima and Nagasaki Paintings, Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum, Innsbruck (Austria)
- 2007 Zona Ovest, Biblioteca National, Turin/Italy with Lois and Franziska Weinberger, Peter Kogler, Elmar Trenkwalder, Flatz, Gottfried Bechtold and others. Curator: Christoph Bertsch, (catalog),
- 2011 Schädelstätten Hamlet Syndrom, Marburg/Germany, Kunstverein, curated by Harald Kimpel
- 2011 No-one in Paradise, Imst Städtische Galerie Theodor von Hörmann
- 2012 Realität und Abstraktion 2. Konkrete und reduktive Tendenzen ab 1990, Museum Liaunig, Neuhaus/Suha (Austria)
- 2012: Accrochage, Galerie Lindner, Vienna, Austria (a.o. with Susanne Ackermann, Roger Ackling, John M. Armleder, Hellmut Bruch, Max Bühlmann, Max Cole, Inge Dick, Bruno Erdmann, Doris Fend, Gerhard Frömel, Heinz Gappmayr, Ludwig Gerstacker, Hans Jörg Glattfelder, Hans Grosch, István Haász, Toshiya Kobayashi, Andrea Maria Krenn, Josef Linschinger, Dora Maurer, Helga Philipp, Michael Post, Reinhard Roy, Pavel Rudolf, Franz Türtscher, Wolfram Ullrich, Maria Vill, Shawn Wallis, Peter Willen)
- 2013 Von der Fläche zum Raum, Museum Liaunig, Neuhaus/Suha (Austria)
- 2013 Unbestimmtes Land, Galerie Rhomberg, Innsbruck
- 2014 Acht ohne Gegenstand, with Hubert Lampert, Tone Fink, Franz Türtscher and others, Otten Kunstraum, Hohenems (A)
- 2014 art@science, with Ingrid Hermentin and Ulysses Belz, Marburger Kunstverein, Marburg(D)
- 2016 Augen-Blicke, Neuerwerbungen, Museum Liaunig, Neuhaus/Suha (Austria)
- 2016 Man kann auch ganz burleske Fälle konstruieren..., Künstlerhaus Palais Thurn und Taxis, Bregenz (Austria)
- 2016 Fleeting Memorials, Bildraum 01, Vienna (Austria)
- 2017 Out of Silence, Concept Space and Concept Space R2, with Atsuo Hukuda. First time the Fleeting Memorials are shown in Japan
- 2017 Modell der Wirklichkeit, Kunstraum Pettneu (Austria)
- Austria : Decoration of Honour in Gold for Services to the Republic of Austria (2010)
- Ehrenkreuz des Landes Tirol (2016)
- Anna Fliri in: Museum Liaunig, Sammlungskatalog 2, Suha/Neuhaus 2015 translated by Chris Marsh
- Christoph Bertsch in: Paul Naredi Rainer Lukas Madersbacher, Kunst in Tirol vom Barock bis in die Gegenwart, Leopold-Franzens-Universität, Tyrolia Verlag Innsbruck, Wien, 2007 S. 716
- A.Kölbl, G. Larcher, J. Rauchenberger, ENTGEGEN Religion, Gedächtnis, Körper in der Gegenwartskunst, Cantz Verlag, Ostfildern-Ruit, Deutschland, 1997 p. 264
- Harald Kimpel ".Begegnungen .Dialoge .Einblicke" Silvia Höller (Publisher) Innsbruck, Haymonverlag, 2011 p. 162ff.
- ebd.: S. 392 und S. 716
- "1984" Orwell und die Gegenwart, Ausstellungskatalog Museum des 20. Jahrhunderts / MUMOK Wien, 1984, S. 179
- Online-Sammlungspräsentation der Artothek des Bundes, accessed 10 September 2012
- Kunstforum International Bd. 36, Mainz 1979, S. 130–132
- "1984" Orwell und die Gegenwart, Exhibition catalog Museum des 20. Jahrhunderts / Museum moderner Kunst, Wien 1984, S. 179
- Harald Kimpel, Die vertikale Gefahr. Luftkrieg in der Kunst. Begleitbuch zur gleichnamigen Ausstellung, Jonas Verlag, Marburg 1993, S. 64–67
- Kölbl, Larcher, Rauchenberger, ENTGEGEN Religion. Gedächtnis. Körper, Cantz Verlag, Ostfildern- Ruit 1997 S.236f.
- http://www.artfacts.net accessed on 15 October 2012
- Institut für Kunstgeschichte Universität Innsbruck, retrieved, 28 January 2012
- Zona Ovest, Exhibition catalog, Skarabäus/Studienverlag, Innsbruck, Wien, München 2007 S. 73–75
- Harald Kimpel (Hg.) Hamlet Syndrom: Schädelstätten, Catalogue to the exhibition, Jonas Verlag, Marburg(D), 2011
- S. Aigner,P. Baum, Realität und Abstraktion 2 – Konkrete und reduktive Tendenzen ab 1990, HL Museumsverwaltung, Museum Liaunig, Neuhaus Austria, 2012
- Wilhelm Otten, Otten Kunstraum "Acht ohne Gegenstand" Nürnberg, 2014 ISBN 978-3-86984-073-4
- Harald Kimpel (Hg.) art@science, Jonasverlag Marburg, 2014, ISBN 978-3-89445-501-9
- Peter Baum, Augen-Blicke, Neuerwerbungen, Museum Liaunig, Neuhaus/Suha, 2016 ISBN 978-3-9503505-8-6
- PARNASS, 03/2016 page 164 f.
- "Reply to a parliamentary question about the Decoration of Honour" (pdf) (in German). p. 1958. Retrieved November 2012. Check date values in:
- Tiroler Tageszeitung 19.9.2016
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