Norberto Rivera Carrera
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Norberto Rivera Carrera
|Cardinal, Archbishop of Mexico
Primate of Mexico
|Appointed||13 June 1995|
|Predecessor||Ernesto Corripio y Ahumada|
|Other posts||Cardinal-Priest of S. Francesco d'Assisi a Ripa Grande
Member of Council for the Economy
|Ordination||3 July 1966
by Pope Paul VI
|Consecration||21 December 1985
by Antonio López Aviña
|Created Cardinal||21 February 1998|
4 June 1942 |
La Purísima, Durango, Mexico
|Alma mater||Pontifical Gregorian University|
|Coat of arms|
Norberto Rivera Carrera
|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
|Ordination history of Norberto Rivera Carrera|
|Principal consecrator||Antonio López Aviña (Durango)|
|Date of consecration||December 21, 1985|
|José de Jesús Martínez Zepeda||April 12, 1997|
|Marcelino Hernández Rodríguez||February 5, 1998|
|Felipe Tejeda García||March 4, 2000|
|José Luis Fletes Santana||March 4, 2000|
|Guillermo Rodrigo Teodoro Ortiz Mondragón||March 4, 2000|
|Francisco Clavel Gil||June 27, 2001|
Norberto Rivera Carrera (born June 4, 1942) is a Mexican Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. He is the Archbishop of Mexico City and the Primate Archbishop of Mexico He was elevated to the cardinalate in 1998.
Early life and ministry
Norberto Rivera Carrera was born in La Purísima, a small town in Tepehuanes Municipality, to Ramón Rivera Cháidez and Soledad Carrera; he has a sister who is a nun. His father immigrated to and worked in the United States in order to support the family. Rivera entered the seminary of Durango in 1955. He later went to Rome to study at the Pontifical Gregorian University, where he obtained his licentiate in theology. He was ordained to the priesthood by Pope Paul VI on July 3, 1966.
From 1967 to 1985, Rivera did pastoral work in Durango and Zacatecas, as well as serving as a professor of dogmatic theology and the prefect of discipline at the Durango seminary. He also directed Social Communications for the Archdiocese of Durango, was the diocesan advisor to the Christian Family Movement, and taught ecclesiology at the Pontifical University of Mexico from 1982 to 1985. While at the Pontifical University, he founded the Movement for the Days of Christian Life.
Episcopal career and cardinalate
On November 5, 1985, Rivera was appointed Bishop of Tehuacán by Pope John Paul II. He received his episcopal consecration the following December 21 from Archbishop Antonio López Aviña, with Archbishops Adolfo Suárez Rivera and Rosendo Huesca Pacheco serving as co-consecrators. During his tenure, he headed the Mexican Episcopal Conference's Commission for the Family (1989–1995) and the Family Section of the Latin American Episcopal Conference (1993–1995).
Rivera was promoted to Archbishop of Mexico City and Primate Archbishop of Mexico on June 13, 1995. John Paul II created him Cardinal-Priest of S. Francesco d'Assisi a Ripa Grande in the consistory of February 21, 1998. During his tenure, Juan Diego, to whom the iconic Our Lady of Guadalupe reportedly appeared, was canonized. Rivera was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 2005 papal conclave, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. He was suggested as a possible choice as pope.
Within the Latin American Episcopal Conference, Rivera served as President of the Episcopal Committee of Culture from 2004 to 2006. He also holds membership in the Pontifical Council for the Family, Congregation for the Clergy, and Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments in the Roman Curia.
Rivera Carrera is seen as a strong advocate of social justice: his criticism of globalization and political corruption so annoyed Mexico's Salinas government that it threatened to adopt a law forbidding priests from commenting on politics.
Rivera Carrera is seen as a conservative on virtually all church matters. In 1990, as Bishop of Tehuacán, he closed a seminary that he charged was teaching Marxist theology; in 1996, he forced the resignation of the abbot of the basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe after he had questioned the historical truth of Mary's appearance to Juan Diego. Rivera is known for his opposition to abortion and artificial birth control and for his insistence on strict church discipline.
During the Supreme Court of Mexico's debate on legalizing abortion, Rivera Carrera said that "abortion is never a solution for anything". These comments came as the Supreme Court prepared to deliberate on a ruling proposed by Justice Fernando Franco that would overturn anti-abortion constitutional amendments enacted in numerous Mexican states. On September 25 he said: "The Church always reaches out to pregnant women who are being pressured at work, by family members or friends to remind each one of them of the great value of motherhood". He noted that at a meeting in Monterrey the Mexican bishops emphasized that the "taking of human life through the various abortifacient techniques must not be tolerated, and the taking of the life a human being, even in its initial phases, is not licit".
On March 8, 2014, Pope Francis named him a Cardinal Member of the newly established Council for Economic Affairs, which oversees the work of the new Secretariat for the Economy, an agency which has financial regulatory authority over all departments of the Roman Curia.
Sexual child abuse cover-up accusation
- National Catholic Reporter: "Who Will Be the Next Pope?" 2005
- National Catholic Reporter: "Conservative bishop to head Mexico City see" July 28, 1995
- Catholic News Agency, September 27, 2011
- Abortion solves nothing, Mexican cardinal tells court :: Catholic News Agency (CNA)
- Cura pederasta se oculta
- Text of Lawsuit against L.A. Cardinal
- An embattled Cardinal Rivera reveals legal strategy .
- Accused Priest Flees From Law in U.S. and Mexico
- Demanda improcedente contra el cardenal Rivera Carrera en Estados Unidos
|Catholic Church titles|
Rafael Ayala y Ayala
|Roman Catholic Bishop of Tehuacan
Mario Espinosa Contreras
Ernesto Corripio Ahumada
|Roman Catholic Archbishop of Mexico