Norbinaltorphimine

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Norbinaltorphimine
Norbinaltorphimine structural formula.png
Clinical data
ATC code
  • none
Identifiers
CAS Number
PubChem CID
IUPHAR/BPS
ChemSpider
UNII
Chemical and physical data
Formula C40H43N3O6
Molar mass 661.784 g/mol
3D model (JSmol)
 NYesY (what is this?)  (verify)

Norbinaltorphimine (nor-BNI or nBNI) is an opioid antagonist used in scientific research. It is one of the few opioid antagonists available that is highly selective for the κ-opioid receptor, and blocks this receptor without affecting the μ- or δ-opioid receptors,[1][2] although it has less selectivity in vivo than when used in isolated tissues.[3] nor-BNI blocks the effects of κ-opioid agonists in animal models,[4][5] and produces antidepressant [6] and antipanic-like effects.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Portoghese PS, Lipkowski AW, Takemori AE. Binaltorphimine and nor-binaltorphimine, potent and selective kappa-opioid receptor antagonists. Life Sciences. 1987 Mar 30;40(13):1287-92. PMID 2882399
  2. ^ a b Maraschin, Jhonatan Christian; Almeida, Camila Biesdorf; Rangel, Marcel Pereira; Roncon, Camila Marroni; Sestile, Caio César; Zangrossi, Hélio; Graeff, Frederico Guilherme; Audi, Elisabeth Aparecida (2017-03-24). "Participation of dorsal periaqueductal gray 5-HT1A receptors in the panicolytic-like effect of the κ-opioid receptor antagonist Nor-BNI". Behavioural Brain Research. 327: 75–82. ISSN 1872-7549. PMID 28347824. doi:10.1016/j.bbr.2017.03.033. 
  3. ^ Birch PJ, Hayes AG, Sheehan MJ, Tyers MB. Norbinaltorphimine: antagonist profile at kappa opioid receptors. European Journal of Pharmacology. 1987 Dec 15;144(3):405-8. PMID 2831070
  4. ^ Takemori AE, Ho BY, Naeseth JS, Portoghese PS. Nor-binaltorphimine, a highly selective kappa-opioid antagonist in analgesic and receptor binding assays. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. 1988 Jul;246(1):255-8. PMID 2839664
  5. ^ Takemori AE, Schwartz MM, Portoghese PS. Suppression by nor-binaltorphimine of kappa opioid-mediated diuresis in rats. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. 1988 Dec;247(3):971-4. PMID 2849679
  6. ^ Shirayama Y, Ishida H, Iwata M, Hazama GI, Kawahara R, Duman RS. Stress increases dynorphin immunoreactivity in limbic brain regions and dynorphin antagonism produces antidepressant-like effects. Journal of Neurochemistry. 2004 Sep;90(5):1258-68. doi:10.1111/j.1471-4159.2004.02589.x PMID 15312181