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Map of NordBalt.jpg
Country Lithuania, Sweden
Coordinates 55°40′54″N 21°15′29″E / 55.68167°N 21.25806°E / 55.68167; 21.25806 (Klaipėda substation)
56°46′1″N 15°51′35″E / 56.76694°N 15.85972°E / 56.76694; 15.85972 (Nybro substation)
General direction east–west
From Klaipėda
Passes through Baltic Sea
To Nybro
Ownership information
Partners Litgrid
Svenska kraftnät
Construction information
Manufacturer of conductor/cable ABB
Manufacturer of substations ABB
Construction started 11 April 2014
Expected December 2015
Construction cost 552 mill.
Technical information
Type submarine cable
Type of current HVDC
Total length 450 km (280 mi)
Power rating 700 MW
AC Voltage 330 kV
400 kV
DC Voltage ±300 kV
Number of poles 2

NordBalt (also known as SwedLit) is a submarine power cable between Klaipėda in Lithuania and Nybro in Sweden. The aim of the project is to promote trading between Baltic and Nordic electricity markets, as also to increase the security of power supply in both markets. Operations started on February 1, 2016 with an initial power transmission at 30 MW.[1]


The project was originally suggested in 2004. Original project Swindlit was aimed at construction of the wind farm in the Baltic Sea and ensuring the electricity transmission to Sweden and Lithuania. The participants of this project were interested also in Kruonis Pumped Storage Plant as an accumulator of variable wind energy.

In August 2006, the Lithuanian and Swedish transmission grid operators Lietuvos Energija and Svenska kraftnät agreed to launch a feasibility study of a possible interconnection.[2] In February 2007, Lietuvos Energija and Svenska Kraftnät signed an agreement with Swedish consulting company SWECO International on preparation of feasibility study. The study was completed in March 2008 with positive conclusions for the implementation of the project.[3]

On 9 July 2009, Lietuvos Energija, Latvenergo and Svenska Kraftnät signed a memorandum of understanding on the NordBalt project.[4] Invitation for pre-qualification for NordBalt converters' and cable procurement was launched in December 2009.[5] The sea bottom survey was conducted by Marin Mätteknik by 13 December 2009.[6] On 17 December 2010, Litgrid, a newly established transmission system operator of Lithuania who took the project over from Lietuvos Energija, and Svenska kraftnät, signed a €270 million contract with ABB according to which ABB manufactured the cable.[7] According to another contract, signed on 20 December 2010, ABB supplied two converter stations.[8]

In March 2013 Government of Lithuania approved constructions plan around coast area.[9] On 18 April 2013 Sweden government gave its final approval to the construction of a power cable.[10] Cable laying started on 11 April 2014.[11] On 9 June 2015, the cable laying works were completed.[12]

On February 1, 2016 operations started with an initial power transmission at 30 MW.[1]

Technical features[edit]

The interconnection would be high-voltage direct current cable. The length of the cable will be 450 kilometres (280 mi), of which 400 kilometres (250 mi) is the submarine cable, 40 kilometres (25 mi) is the land cable in Sweden, and 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) is the land cable in Lithuania. Its capacity will be 700 MW.[13] The cable was due to be commissioned on the 9th of December 2015 simultaneously with the LitPol Link interconnector between Poland and Lithania but a fire that broke out near a converter station on the Swedish side has led to the link being offline in the short term.[14] It is expected to cost €580 million, of which the submarine cable costs €270 million.[7][8] €175 million is provided by the European Commission.[4]


The Foreign Ministry of Lithuania reported that Russian military ships several times maliciously created obstacles for the project.[15] In one instance the Russian Navy, while in the Exclusive Economic Zone of Lithuania, ran off a ship constructing the NordBalt.[16]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Power successfully transmitted through NordBalt cable". 2016-02-01. Retrieved 2016-02-02. 
  2. ^ "Agreement on Feasibility Study of Construction of Transmission Line between Lithuania and Sweden signed" (Press release). Lietuvos Energija. 2006-08-25. Retrieved 2009-07-10. 
  3. ^ Sweco (March 2008). "SwedLit Feasibility study summary" (PDF). InterLinks. Retrieved 2010-02-27. 
  4. ^ a b "Sweden, Lithuania, Latvia sign deal for power link". Reuters. 2009-07-10. Retrieved 2009-07-11. 
  5. ^ "Invitation for pre-qualification for NordBalt converters' and cable procurement tenders announced" (Press release). InterLinks. 2009-12-07. Retrieved 2010-02-27. 
  6. ^ "Sea bottom survey completed" (Press release). InterLinks. 2009-12-16. Retrieved 2010-02-27. 
  7. ^ a b Adomaitis, Nerijus (2010-12-17). "ABB signs 270 mln euro NordBalt power cable deal". Reuters. Retrieved 2010-12-20. 
  8. ^ a b Reid, Katie (2010-12-20). "ABB wins Nordic-Baltic power order". Reuters. Retrieved 2010-12-31. 
  9. ^ "Vyriausybė leido tiesti elektros jungties "NordBalt" kabelį pajūrio juostoje" [The government has allowed the construction of the electrical interconnector NordBalt in the coastal zone] (in Lithuanian). Delfi. 2013-03-06. Retrieved 2013-03-06. 
  10. ^ "Duotas leidimas elektros bambagyslei su Švedija" [Authorization given by Sweden for the power cable] (in Lithuanian). Delfi. 2013-04-18. Retrieved 2014-04-11. 
  11. ^ "Pradedamas tiesti elektros jungties "NordBalt" kabelis" [NordBalt power cable construction started]. Lietuvos žinios (in Lithuanian). 2014-04-11. Retrieved 2014-04-11. 
  12. ^ Verseckas, Darius (2015-06-09). "Baigė tiesti "NordBalt"" [Construction of NordBalt has finished] (in Lithuanian). Verslo žinios“. Retrieved 9 December 2015. 
  13. ^ "NordBalt HVDC connection strengthens integration of Baltic energy markets with northern Europe". ABB Group. Retrieved 2010-12-31. 
  14. ^ Strzelecki, Marek (2015-12-09). "Russia's Power Grip Over Baltics Ending With Billion-Euro Cables". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 
  15. ^ "Foreign Ministry of Lithuania summoned the Russian ambassador to express strong protest". Foreign Ministry of Lithuania. Retrieved 2015-05-02. 
  16. ^ Braw, Elisabeth (2015-05-05). "Balts Say Russian Navy Bullying Undersea Cable Crews". Radio Free Europe. Retrieved 2015-05-07. 

External links[edit]