|A Nord 1002 Pingouin II in 2008. Built in 1945, this aircraft has been painted to represent a Messerschmitt Bf 108. Fitted with a modern Lycoming O-540 engine rather than the original Renault 6Q.|
|Role||Communications and liaison monoplane|
|Developed from||Messerschmitt Bf 108|
In 1942 the manufacture of the Messerschmitt Bf 108 was transferred to SNCAN (usually known as Nord) at Les Mureaux in occupied France. Before the liberation, 170 Bf 108s were built and Nord continued to build the aircraft using scavenged Bf 108 airframe parts as the Nord 1000, until stocks of German Argus engines were exhausted. The type was then re-engined with a 233 hp (174 kW) Renault 6Q 11 six-cylinder inline engine and was designated the Nord 1001 Pingouin I. A further update followed with a Renault 6Q 10-powered variant which was designated the Nord 1002 Pingouin II. Total production was 286 with the majority used as communications and liaison aircraft with the French armed forces.
The design was further developed with the tricycle landing gear Nord Noralpha.
The Pingouin was a low-wing cantilever monoplane with a braced trimmable horizontal tail surface with elevators, and a single fin and rudder. It had a tailwheel landing gear with outward-retracting main gear. The engine was nose-mounted and the Pingouin had an enclosed cabin that seated four in two rows of two. Like the Bf 108, the wings had automatic leading edge slats and could be folded when the aircraft was on the ground, allowing the complete aircraft to be transported by rail.
- French-built Bf 108.
- 1001 Pingouin I
- Renault 6Q 11-powered variant.
- 1002 Pingouin II
- Renault 6Q 10-powered variant.
- Crew: one
- Capacity: three passengers
- Length: 8.28 m (27 ft 2 in)
- Wingspan: 10.61 m (34 ft 10 in)
- Height: 2.29 m (7 ft 6½ in)
- Empty weight: 881 kg (1941 lb)
- Gross weight: 1356 kg (2987 lb)
- Powerplant: 1 × Renault 6Q 10, 179 kW (240 hp)
- Cruising speed: 257 km/h (160 mph)
- Range: 997 km (620 miles)
- Related development
- The NZ Warbirds Messerschmitt Bf 108 Taifun page lists Pingouin production as 285 units; and the Preserved Axis Aircraft Bf 108/Nord 1002 page lists several aircraft with c/nos above 250. C/no. 285 is extant in Australia; and c/no. 286 is in Germany. Both websites accessed 17 November 2008.
- Hitchcock, Thomas H. Messerschmitt Bf 108 Taifun (Monogram Close-Up 5). Acton, MA: Monogram Aviation Publications, 1979. ISBN 0-914144-05-7
- Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions.
- The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985). Orbis Publishing. pp. 2615/6.
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