Norddal within Møre og Romsdal
|County||Møre og Romsdal|
|• Mayor (2007)||Bjørn Inge Ruset (Ap)|
|• Total||943.54 km2 (364.30 sq mi)|
|• Land||900.51 km2 (347.69 sq mi)|
|• Water||43.03 km2 (16.61 sq mi)|
|Area rank||115 in Norway|
|• Rank||345 in Norway|
|• Density||1,9/km2 (50/sq mi)|
|• Change (10 years)||-8.4 %|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||NO-1524|
|Official language form||Nynorsk|
Norddal is a municipality in Møre og Romsdal county, Norway. It covers the easternmost part of the Sunnmøre region along the border with Oppland county. The municipal center of the municipality is the village of Sylte (also known as Valldal) in the Valldalen valley.
Norddal covers an area with several distinct valleys and villages: Eidsdal and Norddal (Dalsbygda) in the south; Tafjord in the east; and Fjørå/Selboskarbygda and Sylte in the Valldalen valley in the north. Norwegian County Road 63 traverses the municipality from south to north, going through several tunnels in the mountains. The Heggur Tunnel connects the isolated village of Tafjord with the rest of the municipality.
Norddal was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). Historically, the district of Sunnylven was part of the parish of Norddal, but on 1 January 1838 when Norddal municipality was established, Sunnylven was established as its own municipality, separate from Norddal.
The Old Norse form of the name was just Dalr, identical with the word dalr which means "valley" or "dale". The first element Nord- meaning "northern" was added around the year 1600. The parish church is still called Dale church. Before 1918, the name was written Norddalen.
The coat-of-arms is from modern times; they were granted on 1990. The arms show a red twig of a strawberry plant on a yellow background. Norddal has a tradition for producing fruits and berries, notably strawberries.
|Parish (Sokn)||Church Name||Location of the Church||Year Built|
Valldal is mentioned in the historical books of Snorri Sturluson. While escaping the Danish army, Olav Haraldsson, later to become St. Olav, went ashore in Valldalen during the winter 1028/1029. Here, he supposedly came across a troublesome "sea serpent" which he tossed onto the mountainside and can today be seen as a lighter rock pattern above the town centre Sylte. On his journey up the valley towards Trollstigen, he received help from the farmers at Grønning to pass a rocky section called Skjærsura. For this help he deemed that the seed crop would never suffer from frost. Also, a natural spring in Valldal is named after St. Olav and is said to have a healing effect.
In 2008, a memorial stone was erected at the farm Døving, about 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) up the valley from the sea, where the first church and cemetery is believed to have been located.
The municipality lies around the Norddalsfjorden and the Tafjorden which flow west to east. They are the innermost branches off the main Storfjorden. Stranda Municipality lies to the west and south, Skjåk Municipality lies to the southeast, Rauma Municipality lies to the east and north, and Stordal Municipality lies to the northwest.
The main Valldalen valley runs to the northeast from the fjord. The valleys are surrounded by the Tafjordfjella mountain range. The mountains Puttegga, Karitinden, and Tordsnose sit on the eastern border of the municipality. Reinheimen National Park is located partially in the municipality of Norddal.
- "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01.
- Rygh, Oluf (1908). Norske gaardnavne: Romsdals amt (in Norwegian) (13 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 115.
- Store norske leksikon. "Norddal" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2013-06-28.