Nordea

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Nordea Bank Abp
Publikt aktiebolag (Julkinen osakeyhtiö)
Traded asNasdaq HelsinkiNDA FI
Nasdaq StockholmNDA SE
Nasdaq CopenhagenNDA DK
ISINSE0000427361 Edit this on Wikidata
IndustryFinancial services
Founded2000; 19 years ago (2000), 1848 as Christiania Bank
HeadquartersHelsinki, Finland[1]
Key people
Björn Wahlroos (Chairman), Frank Vang-Jensen (President and CEO)
ProductsCorporate and retail banking, asset management
RevenueDecrease €9.303 billion (2016)
Decrease €4.625 billion (2016)
Increase €3.766 billion (2016)
Total assetsDecrease $615.659 billion (2016)
Total equityIncrease €32.409 billion (2016)
Number of employees
31,596 (FTE, end 2016)
ParentSampo Group
WebsiteNordea.com
Footnotes / references
[2]
Nordea old logo (2000–2016)

Nordea Bank Abp (Finnish: Nordea Bank Oyj),[3][4] commonly referred to as Nordea, is a European financial services group operating in northern Europe and based in Helsinki, Finland.[5] The bank is the result of the successive mergers and acquisitions of the Finnish, Danish, Norwegian and Swedish banks of Merita Bank, Unibank, Kreditkassen (Christiania Bank) and Nordbanken that took place between 1997 and 2000. The Baltic states are today also considered part of the home market. The largest shareholder of Nordea is Sampo, a Finnish insurance company with around 20% of the shares. Nordea is listed on the Copenhagen Stock Exchange, Helsinki Stock Exchange and Stockholm Stock Exchange.

Nordea operates across both the Nordic and Baltic regions with over 1,400 branches. The bank is present in 20 countries around the world, operating through full-service branches, subsidiaries and representative offices, although it primarily provides services in Finland, Norway, Denmark, Sweden, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.

Nordea serves 11 million private[6] and 700,000 active corporate customers. The group also operates an Internet bank, which has more than 5.9 million online customers and performs more than 260 million payments per year.

History[edit]

Nordea is the result of the successive mergers and acquisitions of the Swedish, Finnish, Danish and Norwegian banks of Nordbanken, Merita Bank, Unibank and Kreditkassen (Christiania Bank og Kreditkasse) that took place between 1997 and 2000.

PK-banken was formed in 1974 by a merger between Postbanken (formed 1884) and Sveriges Kreditbank (formed 1923), both state-owned.

The private Nordbanken was formed in 1986 by a merger of two smaller private local banks, Uplandsbanken and Sundsvallsbanken. The Swedish banking crisis of 1991, resulting from deregulated markets and a housing price bubble, forced the government to nationalise Nordbanken for 64 billion kronor. Bad debts were transferred to the asset-management companies Securum and Retriva, which sold off the assets.

The name Nordea comes from the Swedish bank Nordbanken; this developed from PK-banken (Post och Kreditbanken) which in 1990 purchased the smaller private bank Nordbanken, and picked up that name. The name is also a contraction of the words Nordic and ideas.[7]

Merita Bank was a 1995 merger of the former main rivals in Finland, the originally Svecoman Union Bank of Finland (Suomen Yhdyspankki) founded in 1842 and the Fennoman National Share Bank (Kansallis-Osake-Pankki) founded in 1889.

Nordea was the subject of an online phishing scam in 2007. The company estimated 8 million kr ($1.1 million) was stolen.[8] Customers were targeted over a period of 15 months with phishing emails containing a trojan horse.[9] Nordea refunded affected customers.[8]

Nordea converted its subsidiaries operating in Denmark, Finland, and Norway to branches under the Swedish holding company, Nordea AB, in January 2017.[10] In August 2017, DNB ASA and Nordea combined their operations in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania to create Luminor Bank.[11]

Nordea announced plans to move its corporate headquarters to Helsinki, Finland in September 2017. In October 2018, Nordea completed the move of its corporate headquarters to Helsinki, Finland.[12]

In March 2019, public service broadcasting company, Yle, aired a program that revealed money laundering allegations against Nordea.[13] The company was the biggest Nordic lender allegedly involved in the multi-million-dollar money laundering scheme, according to Bloomberg.[14]

In October 2019, Nordic banks agreed to fund common payment services in order to boost businesses.[15]

Ownership[edit]

Nordea is owned by:

  1. Sampo, 21.3%
  2. Nordea Fonden, 3.9%
  3. Swedbank Robur Funds, 3.3%
  4. AMF Insurance and Funds, 2.1%

Nordea Markets[edit]

Nordea Markets is the international markets operation of Nordea. It handles a broad range of investment banking products and services including fixed income, currencies, commodities, equities, debt capital markets, and corporate finance. It also supplies advisory services and internationally acknowledged economic research and analysis.

There are approximately 2,200 employees including Financial Risk Control and Capital Markets Services. Its main operational centres are in Copenhagen (also the main trading floor), Helsinki, Oslo and Stockholm, and with regional offices also in Brazil (São Paulo), China (Beijing and Shanghai), Estonia (Tallinn), Germany (Frankfurt), Latvia (Riga), Lithuania (Vilnius), Luxembourg (Luxembourg City), Poland (Warsaw), Russia (Moscow), Singapore, Switzerland (Zurich), the United Kingdom (London), and United States (New York City).[16]

Panama document leak[edit]

The largest financial group in the Nordic region, Nordea has, despite warnings from the Swedish Financial Supervisory Authority (FI) been active in using offshore companies in tax havens according to the Panama papers.[17]

The Nordea section in Luxembourg, between the years 2004 and 2014, founded nearly 400 offshore companies in Panama and the British Virgin Islands for its customers.[17]

The Swedish Financial Supervisory Authority (FI) has pointed out that there are "serious deficiencies" in how Nordea monitors money laundering, and has given the bank two warnings. In 2015, Nordea had to pay the largest possible fine - over 5 million EUR.[17]

In 2012, Nordea asked Mossack Fonseca to change documents retroactively so that three Danish customers power of attorney documents had been in force since 2010.[17]

The director for Nordea Private banking Thorben Sanders admits that before 2009 they did not screen for customers that tried to evade tax. "At the end of 2009 we decided that our bank should not be a means of tax evasion" says Thorben Sanders.[17]

As a consequence of the leaked documents, the Swedish Financial Supervisory Authority (FI) stated on 4 April 2016 that it had started an investigation into the conduct of Nordea, the largest financial group in the Nordic region. The Swedish minister of Finance Magdalena Andersson characterized the conduct of Nordea as "a crime" and "totally unacceptable".[18][19] Nordea CEO Casper von Koskull stated that he was disappointed with the shortcomings within Nordea's operating principles, saying that "this cannot be tolerated".[20]

Other Swedish banks are mentioned in the documents, but mention of Nordea occurs 10,902 times and the second-most mentioned bank has 764 matches.[21]

Stefan Löfven, Prime Minister of Sweden, said in 2016 that he was very critical of the conduct of Nordea and its role, and said "Â- They are on the list of shame too".[22]

Tax evasion and the Paradise Papers[edit]

Nordea bank loaned billions of euros to shipping companies that own vessels in secrecy jurisdictions such as Bermuda, Cyprus, Panama, BVI, the Cayman Islands and the Isle of Man. In the Paradise Papers, Nordea was shown to have lent a significant amount of money to customers based in tax havens.[23]

Subsidiaries[edit]

The global headquarters of Nordea is located in Vallila, Helsinki.

See also[edit]

Nordic headquarters[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "A Mega Bank Just Joined the Euro Zone; It's Too Big to Fail". Bloomberg.com. 1 October 2018. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
  2. ^ "Nordea annual Report 2016" (PDF). Nordea.com. Retrieved 28 December 2017.
  3. ^ "Nordea Bank Abp". Business Information System. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  4. ^ "Supplement to prospectus on merger between Nordea Bank AB (publ) and Nordea Bank Abp". Nordea.com. Retrieved 12 September 2018.
  5. ^ "Nordea's re-domiciliation is completed". www.nordea.com. 2018-10-01. Retrieved 2018-10-01.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-09-15. Retrieved 2011-09-05.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "Vores historie". www.nordea.com (in Danish). Retrieved 2018-03-25.
  8. ^ a b "Swedish bank hit by 'biggest ever' online heist - CNET News". archive.is. 2012-06-29. Retrieved 2019-09-19.
  9. ^ "Bank loses $1.1m to online fraud". 2007-01-19. Retrieved 2019-09-19.
  10. ^ "Nordea's simplification of its legal structure (2016-2017)". www.nordea.com. Retrieved 2019-07-28.
  11. ^ "European Commission clears Blackstone to buy Luminor". ERR. BNS. 2019-01-22. Retrieved 2019-02-06.
  12. ^ "Nordea's re-domiciliation is completed". www.nordea.com. 1 October 2018. Archived from the original on 5 July 2019. Retrieved 2019-07-28.
  13. ^ "Nordea handled about $790 million in suspicious transactions: Finnish TV". Reuters. 2019-03-04. Retrieved 2019-09-20.
  14. ^ Pohjanpalo, Kati; Hoikkala, Hanna. "Nordea Sinks as Investors Fear More Money Laundering Allegations". www.bloomberg.com. Retrieved 2019-09-20.
  15. ^ "Nordic banks agree to fund common payment service". Reuters. 2019-10-10. Retrieved 2019-10-10.
  16. ^ "Europe and the world". Nordea.com. Retrieved 28 December 2017.
  17. ^ a b c d e "Nordea grundade hundratals skatteparadisbolag åt kunder". Svenska Yle. Retrieved 4 April 2016.
  18. ^ "Nordea bank investigated over tax haven scandal". The Local (Sweden). Retrieved 4 April 2016. Reacting to Nordea's role in the scandal, Sweden's Finance Minister Magdalena Andersson told Swedish reporters: "It is a crime — tax evasion — it is totally unacceptable". Sweden's financial supervisory authority, Finansinspektionen, has said that it will launch an investigation into Nordea's overseas activities.
  19. ^ "Monday's papers". YLE. 4 April 2016. Retrieved 4 April 2016.
  20. ^ Teivainen, Aleksi. "Nordea failed to implement operating principles, finds internal inquiry". Helsinkitimes.fi. Retrieved 28 December 2017.
  21. ^ Frida Svensson. "Detta behöver du veta om Panamaläckan". Svd.se. Retrieved 28 December 2017.
  22. ^ "Löfven: Nordea på skämslistan". Gp.se. Retrieved 28 December 2017.
  23. ^ "The International Consortium of Investigative Journalists - Paradise Papers" (PDF).

External links[edit]