||This article needs to be updated. In particular: Outdated, 2013 retreat from Polish market missing, 2017 merge of subsidiaries missing. (February 2017)|
|Publicly traded Aktiebolag|
|Björn Wahlroos (Chairman), Casper von Koskull (President and CEO)|
|Products||Corporate and retail banking, asset management|
|Revenue||€9.847 billion (2014)|
|€3.371 billion (2014)|
|Total assets||$702.92 billion (2016)|
Number of employees
|29,397 (FTE, end 2014)|
Nordea Bank AB, commonly referred to as Nordea, is a Nordic financial services group operating in Northern Europe. The bank is the result of the successive mergers and acquisitions of the Finnish, Danish, Norwegian and Swedish banks of Merita Bank, Unibank, Kreditkassen (Christiania Bank) and Nordbanken that took place between 1997 and 2000. The Baltic states are today also considered part of the home market. The largest share holder of Nordea is Sampo, a Finnish insurance company with around 20% of the shares. Nordea is listed on the Copenhagen Stock Exchange, Helsinki Stock Exchange and Stockholm Stock Exchange.
Nordea unified its headquarters to be in Stockholm, although operates across both the Nordic and Baltic regions with over 1,400 branches. The bank is present in 19 countries around the world, operating through full service branches, subsidiaries and representative offices, although primarily provides services in Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
Nordea currently serves 11 million private and 700,000 active corporate customers. The group also operates an internet bank, which has more than 5.9 million online customers doing more than 260 million payments per year.
Nordea is the result of the successive mergers and acquisitions of the Swedish, Finnish, Danish and Norwegian banks of Nordbanken, Merita Bank, Unibank and Kreditkassen (Christiania Bank) that took place between 1997 and 2000. The name Nordea comes from the Swedish bank Nordbanken, which was based on PK-banken (Post och Kreditbanken; owned by Swedish state) which in 1990 purchased the smaller private bank Nordbanken, and picked up that name. PK-banken was formed in 1974 at a merger between Postbanken (formed 1884) and Sveriges Kreditbank (formed 1923), both state owned. Merita Bank was a 1995 merger of the former main rivals in Finland, the originally Svecoman Union Bank of Finland (Suomen Yhdyspankki) founded in 1842 and the Fennoman National Share Bank (Kansallis-Osake-Pankki) founded in 1889.
The private Nordbanken was formed in 1986 at a merger between two smaller private local banks, Uplandsbanken and Sundsvallsbanken. In 1991 the Swedish banking crisis, resulting from deregulated markets and a housing price bubble, forced the government to nationalise Nordbanken for 64 billion kronor. Bad debts were transferred to the asset-management companies Securum and Retriva which sold off the assets.
Nordea is owned by:
Nordea Markets is the international markets operation of Nordea. It handles a broad range of investment banking products and services including fixed income, currencies, commodities, equities, debt capital markets, and corporate finance. It also supplies advisory services and internationally acknowledged economic research and analysis.
There are approximately 2,200 employees including Financial Risk Control and Capital Markets Services. Its main operational centres are in Copenhagen (also the main trading floor), Helsinki, Oslo and Stockholm, and with regional offices also in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Russia, Singapore and USA.
In 2007 Nordea was the subject of an online phishing scam. The amount of money involved was "between seven and eight million SEK". The theft was perpetrated by targeting Nordea customers with phishing emails containing a trojan horse, that was especially made for this robbery. Apparently these emails were sent out over a period of 15 months. According to Nordea, at least 250 people had unwittingly installed the trojan. The thieves evaded detection by limiting their transfers to small sums. Nordea has refunded all the victims and has implemented a new security system, Chip Authentication Program
Panama document leak
The largest financial group in the Nordic region, Nordea has despite warnings from the Swedish Financial Supervisory Authority (FI) been active in infamous tax havens according to the Panama papers.
The Swedish Financial Supervisory Authority (FI) has pointed out that there's "serious deficiencies" in how Nordea monitors money laundering and has given the bank two warnings. In 2015 Nordea had to pay the largest possible fine - over 5 million EUR.
The director for Nordea Private banking Thorben Sanders admits that before 2009 they didn't screen for customers that tried to evade tax. "In the end of 2009 we decided that our bank shall not be a means of tax evasion" says Thorben Sanders.
As a consequence of the leaked documents the Swedish Financial Supervisory Authority (FI) stated on 4 April 2016 that they had started an investigation into the conduct of Nordea, the largest financial group in the Nordic region. The Swedish minister of Finance Magdalena Andersson characterized the conduct of Nordea as "a crime" and "totally unacceptable" Nordea CEO Casper von Koskull stated, that he was disappointed with the shortcomings within Nordea's operating principles, saying that "this cannot be tolerated."
Other Swedish banks are present in the documents but Nordea occurs 10,902 times and the bank with second most matches occurs with 764 matches.
Euromoney financial magazine named Nordea the "best provider of private banking services in the Nordic and Baltic region" each year from 2008 to 2014.
- Nordea Bank Danmark A/S
- Nordea Bank Finland Abp / Nordea Pankki Suomi Oyj
- Nordea Bank Latvia
- Nordea Bank Lithuania
- Nordea Bank Norge ASA
- Nordea Bank Polska S.A.
- Nordea Bank Russia
- Nordea Bank Malta AB
- PlusGirot – open clearing system in Sweden owned by Nordea
- European Financial Services Roundtable
- Inter-Alpha Group of Banks
- Unibank (Denmark), for the history of the banks that formed Nordea in 2000.
- List of oldest companies, as Nordea is the oldest bank in Sweden, with roots from 1820.
- List of investors in Bernard L. Madoff Securities
Global headquarters in Stockholm
Danish headquarters in Copenhagen
The former Norwegian headquarters in Oslo
Office in Helsinki
Office in Vilnius
- "Annual Report 2014" (PDF). Nordea. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- Swedish bank hit by 'biggest ever' online heist | CNET News.com
- "Nordea grundade hundratals skatteparadisbolag åt kunder | Svenska Yle". Retrieved 4 April 2016.
- "Nordea bank investigated over tax haven scandal". The Local (Sweden). Retrieved 4 April 2016.
Reacting to Nordea's role in the scandal, Sweden's Finance Minister Magdalena Andersson told Swedish reporters: "It is a crime — tax evasion — it is totally unacceptable". Sweden's financial supervisory authority, Finansinspektionen, has said that it will launch an investigation into Nordea's overseas activities.
- "Monday's papers". YLE. 4 April 2016. Retrieved 4 April 2016.
- . helsinkitimes.fi (22 July 2016). Retrieved on 22 July 2016.
- svd Detta behöver du veta om Panamaläckan publicerad 2016 april 4, 11.34 läst 2016 april 5
- gp Löfven: Nordea på skämslistan publicerat 2016 apr 4, läst 2016 apr 5 "Â- De är på skämslistan de också,"
- Waits, Douglas. "Nordea named best in private banking by Euromoney". CISTRAN Finance. February 11, 2014. (Retrieved 02-13-2014).
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