Nordic Optical Telescope

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Nordic Optical Telescope
Not telescope sunset 2001.jpg
The building of the Nordic Optical Telescope near the time of sunset
Observatory Roque de los Muchachos Observatory Edit this on Wikidata
Location(s) La Palma, Canary Islands, Spain Edit this at Wikidata
Coordinates 28°45′26″N 17°53′06″W / 28.757222222222°N 17.885°W / 28.757222222222; -17.885Coordinates: 28°45′26″N 17°53′06″W / 28.757222222222°N 17.885°W / 28.757222222222; -17.885
Altitude 2,382 m (7,815 ft) [1]
First light 1988 Edit this on Wikidata
Telescope style optical telescope
Ritchey–Chrétien telescope Edit this on Wikidata
Diameter 2.56 m (8 ft 5 in)
Focal length 2.816 m (9.24 ft)
Mounting altazimuth mount
Enclosure Spherical dome Edit this on Wikidata
Website www.not.iac.es
Nordic Optical Telescope is located in Canary Islands
Nordic Optical Telescope
Location of Nordic Optical Telescope
The interior of the telescope, showing an instrument on the Cassegrain focus.

The Nordic Optical Telescope (NOT) is an astronomical telescope located at Roque de los Muchachos Observatory, La Palma in the Canary Islands. The telescope saw first light in 1988, and was officially inaugurated during September 1989. Regular observing started in 1990. It is funded by Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Finland, and (since 1997) Iceland. Access is provided directly to astronomers of the funding countries, and of all nationalities through international time allocation committees.

The NOT was the first major telescope facility designed to use active optics to correct the shape of a thin, lightweight primary mirror supported on actuators. The main mirror has a diameter of 2.56 metres (101 in), and it was produced by the optical laboratory at the Tuorla Observatory.

Instrumentation[edit]

The NOT operates three instruments that can be mounted -only one at a time- under the Cassegrain focus:

There are two more instruments, permanently mounted on a folded-Cassegrain configuration. Retractable folding mirrors allow to switch in short time from the main instrument to either of them.

  • FIES: a cross-dispersed high-resolution echelle spectrograph, isolated from thermal and mechanical instability. This is the latest addition to the telescope.
  • StanCam: a 1 Megapixel CCD camera. Less sensitive than ALFOSC, and with a smaller field of view, it works as a companion for NOTCam (providing optical photometry), or to react to "target of opportunity" programs when neither ALFOSC nor MOSCA are mounted.

Visitor Instruments[edit]

The NOT has been host to a number of instruments on a "visitor" status.

  • TURPOL: UBVRI Photopolarimeter. TURPOL has been at the NOT since the very beginning, but it is not available as part of the general instrument set.
  • PolCor: a combined "Lucky" imager, polarimeter, and coronagraph
  • LuckyCam: High frame rate, low noise CCD camera for lucky imaging
  • SOFIN: High resolution CCD spectrograph. This instrument was first used in 1991, spent many years usefully at the NOT, and was finally decommissioned during 2014.

Future[edit]

A new instrument for the NOT is currently under development, under the working name of NTE.[2] This new instrument is meant to be mounted permanently in the Cassegrain focus, providing imaging and spectroscopic capabilities both in the full optical and near-infrared range.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Technical Details of the Telescope". Retrieved 11 December 2010. 
  2. ^ "The NTE is a go!". Retrieved 1 October 2014. 

See also[edit]

List of largest optical telescopes in the 20th century

External links[edit]