It is part of a complex region of ridges between the crust of the Pacific Basin and the continental crust of Australia. Little is known about the Norfolk Ridge; however, it generally lies about 2000 m below sea level and consists of Late Cretaceous continental crust. It is part of Zealandia, a submerged continent that sank 60-85 million years ago.
- Eade, James V. "The Norfolk Ridge system and its margins." The ocean basins and margins. Springer US, 1988. 303-324
- Bernardel, G., et al. "Geological and morphological framework of the Norfolk Ridge to Three Kings Ridge region." Geoscience Australia Record 8 (2002): 2002.
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