Norfolk and Norwich Hospital
|Norfolk and Norwich Hospital|
|Norfolk and Norwich University Hospitals NHS Trust|
Original Norfolk and Norwich Hospital
|Location||Norwich, Norfolk, England, United Kingdom|
|Care system||NHS England|
|Hospital type||General hospital|
|Lists||Hospitals in England|
The Norfolk and Norwich Hospital stood on a site in St Stephen's Road, Norwich, Norfolk, England. Founded in 1771, it closed in 2003 after its services had been transferred to the new Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital. Many of the buildings were then demolished and replaced by housing.
Construction and expansion
The Norfolk and Norwich Hospital was founded in 1771 as a charitable institution for the care of "the poor and the sick" and was established by William Fellowes and Benjamin Gooch. A new hospital designed by Edward Boardman and Thomas Henry Wyatt in the pavilion layout opened on the same site in 1883.
The Norfolk and Norwich Eye Infirmary, which had been founded in 1822 by physicians Lewis Evans and Robert Hull and the surgeon, Thomas Martineau, moved to the St Stephen's Road site in 1913.
During the First World War the Norfolk and Norwich cared for servicemen and in February 1915 a new ward, the Eastern Daily Press (EDP) ward, was opened. An ear, nose and throat building was built in 1930 and a maternity and gynecology building was added in 1935. The Second World War saw the hospital bombed on a number of occasions, including in April 1942, during the German Baedeker Blitz, and the site was severely damaged by bombing on 27 June. As a result of the June 1942 raid, four wards and the main operating theatres were destroyed.
In 1948 the National Health Service was founded and the Norfolk and Norwich Hospital became an NHS hospital. Major expansion took place at the Norfolk and Norwich Hospital in the late 1960s with the construction of a ten-storey maternity block, opened by the Queen Mother in 1968. A new main ward block, diagnostic and treatment area, and a teaching centre were all built in the 1970s.
Closure and demolition
By late 2001 most of the clinical services had left the Norfolk and Norwich Hospital for the new university hospital on the Norwich Research Park with the last departments vacating the site in January 2003.
In October 2002 a thanksgiving service was held at Norwich Cathedral to mark the contribution the Norfolk and Norwich Hospital and its staff had made over the centuries. Around 800 staff, patients and visitors attended the service of thanksgiving for the old hospital.
The Department of Health sold the old site to developer Persimmon Homes and the site was redeveloped as Fellowes Plain. The medical tradition was commemorated in the Fellowes Plain street names, which were named after notable Norfolk and Norwich Hospital figures: Sarah West Close (after the hospital's first matron), Thomas Wyatt Close (an architect of the 1883 building), Edward Jodrell Plain (a major benefactor), Benjamin Gooch Way (surgeon and hospital founder), Phillipa Flowerday Plain (first known industrial nurse) and Kenneth McKee Plain (surgeon famed for hip replacements).
- Jasper Blaxland (1880–1963), consultant general surgeon 1925 to 1946
- "Final phase of former Norwich and Norfolk hospital conversion given go-ahead". Norwich Evening News. 23 January 2012. Retrieved 27 November 2015.
- "Benjamin Gooch, Surgeon 1708-1776 Shottesham, Norfolk, England". Take Heart. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
- "Norfolk and Norwich Hospital". Pastscape. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
- Mackie, Charles (2012). Norfolk Annals. Antiquarian Reprint – Originally published in 1851, pg 178. ISBN 9781471088544. Retrieved 2 October 2013.
- Nigel Goose, Leanne Moden. A History of Doughty's Hospital, Norwich, 1687–2009. University of Hertfordshire Press, 2010, Pg 56. Retrieved 1 October 2013.
- "Norfolk and Norwich Eye Infirmary". National Archives. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
- "Photo gallery: How EDP readers 100 years ago dug deep to help casualties of war". Eastern Daily Press. 7 January 2015. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
- Rawcliffe, Carole; Wilson, Richard; Clark, Christine (2004). "Norwich Since 1550". Bloomsbury. p. 278. ISBN 978-1852854508.
- "Norwich Air Raids". George Plunkett. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
- "Norfolk and Norwich Hospital". National Archives. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
- "NNUH throughout the years". Pulse. 1 June 2018. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
- Sources: Catalogue of an Exhibition to depict the bicentenary of the Norfolk and Norwich Hospital 1771–1971, Norwich Castle Museum, 1971; Norfolk and Norwich Medicine, Dr Anthony Batty-Shaw, 1992.
- Briscoe, Kim (15 September 2011). "Milestone for Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital 'success story'". Eastern Daily Press. Retrieved 9 October 2018.
- "Thanksgiving cathedral service for N&N". Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital Trust. Retrieved 9 November 2016.
- "Historic hospital workers honoured". BBC News. 29 November 2003. Retrieved 9 November 2016.