Norman A. Phillips
Norman A. Phillips (July 9, 1923 – March 15, 2019) was an American meteorologist notable for his contributions to geophysical fluid dynamics. In 1956, he developed a mathematical model that could realistically depict monthly and seasonal patterns in the troposphere, which became the first successful general circulation model of climate.
Phillips was born in Chicago, Illinois. His parents, Alton Elmer Anton Phillips and Linnea (Larson) Phillips, were the children of Swedish immigrants to the United States. He enrolled at the University of Chicago in 1940, intending to study chemistry, but the start of World War II and the influence of Carl-Gustaf Rossby inspired him to join the Army Air Corps in 1943.
After graduating from the meteorological cadet program at Chanute Field as fourth in a class of 391, he served in the Azores and then at Westover Field until October 1946. He returned to the University of Chicago after the war, earning his bachelor's degree in 1947, his master's in 1948, and his PhD in 1951.
Shortly before completing his PhD, Phillips accepted a position on the research staff of the Electronic Computer Project at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey. In 1956, he was recruited by the Department of Meteorology at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, eventually becoming department head.
In 1974, Phillips left MIT to join the National Weather Service at the National Meteorological Center, where he served as the principal scientist of the NMC Development Division. When he retired, the Nested Grid Model was popularly known as "Norm's Great Model."
- Phillips, Norman A. (April 1956). "The general circulation of the atmosphere: a numerical experiment." Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 82 (352): 123–154. Bibcode: 1956QJRMS..82..123P. doi:10.1002/qj.49708235202.
- "Norman A. Phillips of Windham, New Hampshire | 1923 - 2019 | Obituary". Rivet Funeral Home & Crematorium, Inc. Retrieved 26 April 2019.
- Harper, K. (2009). Weather and Climate: Decade by Decade. Facts on File science library. Facts On File, Incorporated. p. 113. ISBN 978-1-4381-0982-4. Retrieved March 15, 2015.
- Hinkel, Lauren. "Norman Phillips, former meteorology department head, dies at 95". MIT News. Retrieved 2019-05-17.
- "Annual Awards: The Editor's Award". Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 50 (5): 329. 1969. ISSN 0003-0007. JSTOR 26252546.
- "Norman A. Phillips". The Franklin Institute. Retrieved March 23, 2015.
- Lynch, Peter. "A pioneer of climate modelling – and maths". The Irish Times. Retrieved 2019-05-17.
- "Symposium Presentations". Symposium on the 50th Anniversary of Operational Numerical Weather Prediction. Retrieved 2019-05-17.
- Phillips, Norman A. (1956). "The general circulation of the atmosphere: A numerical experiment". Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society. 82 (352): 123–164. Bibcode:1956QJRMS..82..123P. doi:10.1002/qj.49708235202. ISSN 1477-870X.
- "Napier Shaw Memorial Prize—First Award". Weather. 11 (7): 235. 1956. Bibcode:1956Wthr...11Q.235.. doi:10.1002/j.1477-8696.1956.tb00352.x. ISSN 1477-8696.
- "Norman Phillips". www.nasonline.org. Retrieved 2019-05-17.