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Norman Stanley Alexander Kt CBE (7 October 1907 – 26 March 1997) was a New Zealand physicist instrumental in the establishment of many Commonwealth universities, including Ahmadu Bello University in Nigeria, and the Universities of the West Indies, the South Pacific and Botswana, Lesotho and Swaziland.
Alexander took his early education at Hamilton Boys' High School before moving to the University of Auckland to study physics, graduating with a Bachelor of Science with first class honours in 1927. In 1930, Alexander achieved a two year scholarship to the Trinity College, Cambridge to study physics at the Cavendish Laboratory with Ernest Rutherford.
Alexander is married to noted meteorologist Frances Elizabeth Somerville Alexander née Caldwell and have three children William (1937), Mary (1939) and Bernice (1941). All the children were born in Singapore.
- PhD Canterbury
- Hon DSc
- Hon LLD
- Hon DLit
- Physics lecturer at Auckland University College
- 1930 – won the Commonwealth scholarship to Trinity College, Cambridge.
- 1936–41 Professor of Physics, Raffles College, Singapore.
- 1945–49 Dean of Science, University of Malaya
- 1949–52 Professor of Physics and Vice-president, University College, Ibadan, Nigeria
- 1952–60 Professor of Engineering Physics, Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey
- 1961–66 Vice Chancellor, Ahmadu Bello University, Nigeria
- 1966 University of the West Indies
- 1966–68 Vice Chancellor University of the South Pacific, Laucala Bay, Fiji
- 1970 – Advisor: UK Ministry of Overseas Development, Inter-University Council for Higher Education Overseas, London University School of Oriental and African Studies
He was imprisoned in Changi Prison in 1942, and word had made its way to New Zealand that he had died, only later to be told that he was actually still alive. Using his academic knowledge, Alexander helped to build a salt evaporation plant at Changi and a small industrial plant that fermented surgical spirit and other products for prison hospital. Upon release, he eventually headed a New Zealand commission of investigation into abuses at Sime Road Internment Camp.
Awards and honours
- Harris, Mary (4 April 1997). "Obituary: Sir Norman Alexander". The Independent.
- Wayne Orchiston (8 December 2015). Exploring the History of New Zealand Astronomy: Trials, Tribulations, Telescopes and Transits. Springer. p. 630. ISBN 978-3-319-22566-1. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
- Taylor, Alister, ed. (1998). The New Zealand Roll of Honour 1945–1995. Auckland, NZ: Roll of Honour Publications. ISBN 978-0-90857-858-0.
- "No. 41727". The London Gazette (Supplement). 5 June 1959. p. 3720.
- "No. 43928". The London Gazette. 18 March 1966. p. 3065.