Norman P. Goss
He graduated from Case Institute of Technology in 1925. He made significant contributions to the field of metals research, and in 1935 he published a paper and patented a method to obtain so-called grain-oriented electrical steel, which has highly anisotropic magnetic properties. This special "grain-oriented" structure was named after its inventor and it is referred to as the "GOSS structure".
Grain-oriented electrical steel enabled the development of highly efficient electrical machines, especially transformers. Today, the magnetic cores of all high-voltage high-power transformers are made of grain-oriented electrical steel.
- Norman P. Goss, New Development in Electrical Strip Steels Characterized by Fine Grain Structure Approaching the Properties of a Single Crystal, Transactions of the American Society for Metals, Vol. 23, pp. 511-531, 1935.
- Norman P. Goss, Electrical sheet and method and apparatus for its manufacture and test, US Patent 1,965,559
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