Norman Robert Campbell
Campbell became a fellow at Trinity College, Cambridge in 1902. He was also a research assistant at the Cavendish Laboratory under the direction of J. J. Thomson. He became an honorary fellow in physics research at Leeds University in 1913, then worked from 1919 to 1944 as a member of the research staff at General Electric in London.
Campbell's 1921 book, What Is Science?, was written with the professed aim of encouraging the study of science in the classes of the Workers' Educational Association. This book is a short introduction to the philosophy of science aimed at a lay audience. Other than attempting to answer the question raised in the title of the book, it tries to answer some of the central questions of the philosophy of science, such as "what is a law of nature?" and "what is measurement".
Campbell had a particular regard for the ideas and teaching ability of Michael Faraday.
Other publications by Campbell include Modern Electrical Theory (1907 with supplementary chapters 1921-23), The Principles of Electricity (1912) and An Account of the Principles of Measurement and Calculation (1928). His most important work on the philosophy of science was his Foundations of Science: The Philosophy of Theory and Experiment, first published as Physics: The Elements in 1919 with a second edition appearing posthumously in 1957. In this book Campbell developed his thesis that a critical analysis of science might not require any philosophy at all, but that an investigation of the meaning of reality and truth in science as opposed to metaphysics might be fruitful. Campbell believed that what might be considered "truth" in the realm of science might not be applicable at all in other fields.
Campbell considered that the fundamental function of a scientific theory was to develop and explain laws, defined as uniformities discovered by hypothesis, observation and experiment and verifiable from experience. He also maintained that, to be useful, such laws should display some analogy to other known laws developed by the scientific method.
Campbell died in 1949.
- "Campbell, Norman Robert (CMBL899NR)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- Adler, M.; Hutchings, R. M. (1963). Gateway to the Great Books. 9. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. pp. 202–38.
- Campbell, N. R. (1907). Modern Electrical Theory. Cambridge University Press.
- Campbell, N. R. (1920). Physics: The Elements. Cambridge University Press.
- Campbell, R. N. (1921). What is Science?. Mehtuen & Co.
- Campbell, R. N. (1921). Modern Electrical Theory: Supplementary Chapters. Cambridge University Press.
- Buchdahl, G. (1964). "Theory Construction: The Work of Norman Robert Campbell". Isis. 55 (2): 151–162. doi:10.1086/349824. JSTOR 228181.
- Kockelmans, J. J. (1993). Ideas for a Hermeneutic Phenomenology of the Natural Sciences. Springer. ISBN 0-7923-2364-5.
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Norman Robert Campbell