Norman Stansfield

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Norman Stansfield
Léon: The Professional character
Normanstansfield.jpg
Gary Oldman as Stansfield in Léon: The Professional.
Created by Luc Besson
Portrayed by Gary Oldman
Information
Nickname(s) Stan[1]
Occupation DEA agent
Nationality American

Norman Stansfield (billed as Stansfield) is a fictional character and the primary antagonist of Luc Besson's 1994 film Léon: The Professional. Portrayed by Gary Oldman, the corrupt and mentally unhinged Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) agent has been named as one of cinema's greatest villains. In recognition of its influence, MSN Movies described the Stansfield character as "the role that launched a thousand villains".[2]

Character[edit]

Stansfield is a DEA agent who employs a holder (Michael Badalucco) to store cocaine in his residence. When Stansfield learns that the holder has been stealing some of the drugs for himself, he and his henchmen gun down the man's entire family, with the exception of 12-year-old Mathilda (Natalie Portman), who is able to find refuge with neighbor and professional hitman Léon (Jean Reno). As the film progresses, Mathilda implores Léon to teach her his trade in order to kill Stansfield and avenge the murder of her younger brother, the only member of her family she loved.[1]

Stansfield wears a beige suit, and is unshaven with often unkempt hair. He has been described as a psychopath,[3] and as having an unhinged,[4] unpredictable[2] personality; he has also been cited for his charm, however.[2] He is a classical music purist[3][4] who likens his killings to the works of Beethoven.[2][4][5] Throughout the film, he takes an unidentified drug in capsule form, which causes exaggerated physical contortions and heavy breathing.[6]

Creation[edit]

Stansfield is noted for Oldman's over-the-top portrayal of the character.[3][4][7] Given the austere manner of the film's title character, actor Jean Reno had "no room to play", according to director Luc Besson, and Stansfield was devised as a contrasting character with whom "anything was possible. Anything."[8] Although the antagonist of the film, Stansfield was intended to offer a measure of comic relief. Besson stated: "A movie without humor somewhere, is not a movie. A movie needs humor"[8] (one writer described Stansfield as "menacing but so full of whimsical tics you can't help but let out a guilty chuckle"[5]). Oldman said of Besson's direction: "You share ideas, and if you come up with an idea that he likes, you can bet your bottom dollar that it'll go in the movie. I liked working with Luc so much that if I actually never worked with another director again, it wouldn't worry me."[8] In a later interview, however, Oldman alluded to some conflict with Besson on-set: "He tells you how to move, how to speak, where to stand. He tried that with me [laughs], not always with the greatest success. You have to be open to ideas, and it's okay if someone has a better idea than you. You can't nest and be so closed off. You act and direct with an open hand. It's about collaboration." Oldman concluded, however: "There's one vision, ultimately. I am there to serve the director's vision, and I respect that. I'm not just going to stamp my foot and demand my own way. I'm going to go with the flow."[9] Oldman and Besson's professional relationship would be an ongoing one: Besson cast Oldman as the primary antagonist of his next project, 1997 blockbuster The Fifth Element, and co-produced Oldman's directorial debut Nil by Mouth, released the same year.

Natalie Portman, who played female protagonist, Mathilda, said of her character's sole interaction with Stansfield: "Working with Gary Oldman was probably the easiest acting experience of my life...I don't think I had to act at all in that scene. I mean, it was really simple, because he really does what he does well...It's pretty amazing to get to see it that close, but it was also a gift to me."[10] Another important scene is where Stansfield, who has "a talent for sniffing out a lie",[1] interrogates Mathilda's father, played by Michael Badalucco. Stansfield has been paying him to store cocaine in his residence, but suspects that he has been stealing some of the drugs for himself. The sniffing and invasion of Badalucco's personal space was improvised by Oldman, resulting in the genuine expression of unease on Badalucco's face during the scene.[9] Oldman also improvised verbally on set.[11]

Reception and legacy[edit]

Léon: The Professional was critically well received.[12] The character of Stansfield – like Jack Nicholson's portrayal of Jack Torrance in 1980 horror film The Shining, a character to which parallels have been drawn[13] – was applauded by many critics, but it alienated some. In a five-star review of the film, Mark Salisbury of Empire magazine described Oldman's performance as "astonishingly histrionic";[6] Richard Schickel of Time magazine, in a positive review, characterized it as "divinely psychotic".[14] Entertainment Weekly, in an overview of 1994's film releases, praised Oldman for delivering "Best Overacting".[15] Conversely, other reviewers cast aspersions on the character's sense of realism in negative reviews: Chris Hicks of the Deseret News considered it "utterly ridiculous";[16] The New York Times's Janet Maslin "preposterous."[17] Mark Deming of AllMovie, in a positive review, adopted a neutral stance, calling it a "love-it-or-hate-it, over-the-top turn".[7] George Wales of Total Film allowed that "corrupt cop Stansfield might be a little too OTT for some tastes", but argued that "you couldn't ask for a better portrayal of batshit craziness than Oldman turns in here."[3] Besson said of Stansfield: "So many people have told me they love that character, and I'm very proud of what [Gary] and I achieved with it." He added that while viewers are "free to like or dislike [his] work", he feels that the character's "ironies" and "campiness" may have been lost on some viewers, who anticipated a stoic authority figure.[13]

In recent years, Stansfield has been ranked as one of cinema's greatest villains.[3][4][5][18][19][20][21][22][23][24] Daniel Bettridge of MSN Movies wrote: "Oldman's arguably at his best as the crooked cop in Luc Besson's Leon. The English actor is pitch perfect... it's easy to find yourself actually rooting for the charismatic crackpot [Stansfield]."[22] Reflecting on his days at drama school, actor Tom Hardy recalled how a great many of his peers "used to do their impressions of [Oldman] in Léon".[25] Oldman's overstated approach lent itself to the exaggerated delivery of notable dialogue such as: "I haven't got time for this Mickey Mouse bullshit!",[26] "Death is whimsical today",[9] "I take no pleasure in taking life if it's from a person who doesn't care about it",[3] and "EV-ERY-ONE!"[27] (a now-classic scene that was originally intended as a joke by Oldman[11]). Filmsite included Stansfield's unique demise in its "Greatest Movie Death Scenes".[28]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Leon Script - Dialogue Transcript". Drew's Script-O-Rama. Retrieved December 22, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Photos: Best of Gary Oldman – Leon: The Professional (1994) - Stansfield". MSN Movies. 2011. Archived from the original on October 5, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Wales, George (23 May 2011). "100 Greatest Movie Villains: Norman Stansfield". Total Film. Archived from the original on 6 January 2012. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "3. Agent Stansfield - Leon (1994)". Top 10 Bent Movie Cops. Virgin Media. Archived from the original on July 28, 2014. Retrieved July 28, 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c "Norman Stansfield – Leon (1994)". Top 20 Villains We Love to Hate. Virgin Media. Archived from the original on October 4, 2013. Retrieved October 4, 2013. 
  6. ^ a b Salisbury, Mark. "Leon – Luc Besson's moving, adrenaline-rushed and utterly absorbing tale of a reclusive assassin". Empire. Archived from the original on November 16, 2012. Retrieved November 16, 2012. 
  7. ^ a b Deming, Mark. "The Professional review". AllMovie. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  8. ^ a b c The Making of: Léon. HBO. 1995.
  9. ^ a b c Winning, Josh (11 April 2011). "5 – Leon (1994)". Gary Oldman: The film chameleon’s greatest moments. Total Film. Archived from the original on 25 October 2014. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  10. ^ Natalie Portman: Starting Young. Included on the 10th year anniversary DVD edition of Léon: The Professional. 2005.
  11. ^ a b Hochman, David (25 June 2014). "Playboy Interview: Gary Oldman". Playboy. Retrieved 25 October 2014. 
  12. ^ Léon the Professional at Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 3 July 2012.
  13. ^ a b Roberts, Chris (August 1999). "Gary Oldman: A sheep in wolf's clothing". Uncut. IPC Media (27). 
  14. ^ Schickel, Richard (24 June 2001). "Slice and Dice". Time. Retrieved 20 January 2015. 
  15. ^ "Our Take on This Year's Movies". Entertainment Weekly. Time Inc. December 30, 1994. Retrieved August 16, 2015. 
  16. ^ Hicks, Chris (November 22, 1994). "Film review: Professional, The". Deseret News. Retrieved December 22, 2011. 
  17. ^ Maslin, Janet (November 18, 1994). "The Professional (1994) – FILM REVIEW; He May Be a Killer, But He's Such a Sweetie". The New York Times. Retrieved July 2, 2012. 
  18. ^ Mackay, Mairi (July 29, 2008). "The Screening Room's top 10 movie psychos". CNN. Retrieved December 22, 2011. 
  19. ^ Vizcarrondo, Sara Maria (9 April 2008). "The 10 Most Corrupt Cops in Movies". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 3 July 2012. 
  20. ^ "OFCS Top 100: Top 100 Villains of All Time". Online Film Critics Society. September 27, 2010. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. 
  21. ^ Bowen, Kit (July 25, 2008). "Top 10 All-Time Best Villains". Hollywood.com. Archived from the original on January 3, 2010. Retrieved August 10, 2012. 
  22. ^ a b Bettridge, Daniel (May 13, 2013). "Gary Oldman as Norman Stansfield – Leon: The Professional (1994)". Best British villains. MSN Movies. Archived from the original on February 28, 2014. 
  23. ^ Waller, Georgine (April 22, 2014). "Norman Stansfield (5/6)". Movie villains we love to hate. BT Group. Retrieved October 26, 2014. 
  24. ^ Eidelstein, Eric; Latham, Brandon (May 31, 2014). "13 Corrupt Cops On Film We Love to Hate". Indiewire. Retrieved October 26, 2014. 
  25. ^ "'Tinker, Tailor, Soldier, Spy' Tom Hardy: 'Gary Oldman is my hero'". Digital Spy YouTube page. Digital Spy. September 19, 2011. Retrieved February 12, 2015. 
  26. ^ Douglas, Clark (November 30, 2009). "Case Number 17801 – Leon: The Professional (Blue-Ray)". DVD Verdict. Retrieved December 22, 2011. 
  27. ^ Micevic, Dave (May 7, 2007). "The Non-Definitive Guide to Character Actors". Stylus Magazine. Retrieved May 17, 2012. 
  28. ^ "The Professional (1994) (aka Leon, Fr.)". Greatest Movie Death Scenes. Filmsite. Retrieved December 22, 2011. 

External links[edit]