8 March 1941 |
Glasgow, Scotland, UK
|Residence||Oxford, England, UK
Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge (BA, MA)
|Employer||University of Cambridge, Fellow Gonville and Caius Coll (1965–71)
Lecturer in Russian history (1968–84)
Fellow Jesus Coll (1971–79)
Fellow Trinity Coll (1979–84)
University of Oxford
Professor of Modern History (1984–97)
Fellow Worcester Coll (1984–97)
Bilkent University, Ankara, Turkey
|Spouse(s)||Marie Nicole Aubry (2 July 1966–1977)
Christine Margaret Booker, née Verity (11 August 1982–present)
|Parent(s)||Flt Lt Norman Stone, RAF (KIA, 1942)
Mary Robertson, née Pettigrew (d 1991)
Norman Stone (born 8 March 1941) is a Scottish historian, who is currently a Professor in the Department of International Relations at Bilkent University, Ankara. He is a former Professor at the University of Oxford, Lecturer at the University of Cambridge, and adviser to Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher.
Early life and education
Stone attended Glasgow Academy on a scholarship for the children of deceased servicemen – his father having been killed in World War II – and graduated with First Class Honours in History from Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge (1959–1962). Following his undergraduate degree, Stone did research in Central European history in Vienna and Budapest (1962–65).
Upon completion of his doctorate, Stone was offered a research fellowship by Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, where he later became an Assistant Lecturer in Russian and German History (1967), and a full Lecturer (1973). In 1971 he had transferred from Caius to Jesus College. In 1983 Stone criticized the recently deceased E. H. Carr in the London Review of Books. Some of his critics argued that his obituary bordered on the defamatory.
In 1984 Stone was appointed Professor of Modern History at Oxford University, England. Stone's tenure at Oxford was not without controversy. Petronella Wyatt wrote that Stone "loathed the place as petty and provincial, and for its adherence to the Marxist-determinist view of history." He published a column in the Sunday Times between 1987 and 1992, and was also employed by the BBC, the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, and the Wall Street Journal. Stone became Margaret Thatcher's foreign policy advisor on Europe, as well as her speech writer.
In 1997, Stone left Oxford University to teach at the department of International Relations at Bilkent University, Ankara. In 2005 Stone transferred to Koc University, Istanbul. In 2007 he returned to Bilkent University to teach history. He also guest lectures at Bogazici University, Istanbul. Since moving to Turkey, Stone has been a frequent contributor to Cornucopia, a magazine about the history and culture of Turkey. In 2004, Stone took part in a letter exchange on the pages of the Times Literary Supplement, where he criticized Peter Balakian's 2003 book on the Armenian genocide The Burning Tigris, saying that Balakian "should stick to the poems." In 2010, Stone published a book on Turkish history, from the 11th century to the present day, Turkey: A Short History.
Stone's best known book is The Eastern Front 1914-1917 (1975) for which he was awarded the Wolfson History Prize. He has also written Hitler (1980), Europe Transformed 1878-1919 (1983), and World War I: A Short History (2007). He mostly writes about historical events in the past century, and is an expert on both World Wars.
While in Vienna in the 1960s, Stone met his first wife Nicole, the niece of the finance minister in "Papa Doc" Duvalier's Haiti government. Their son Nick Stone is a thriller writer. Stone divides his time between Turkey and England. Stone's second wife, Christine, was a leading member of the British Helsinki Human Rights Group.
- The Eastern Front, 1914-1917 (1975); ISBN 0-340-12874-7
- Hitler (1980); ISBN 0-340-24980-3 (Coronet Publ.)
- Europe Transformed, 1878-1919 (1983), ISBN 0-00-634262-0; 2nd ed. (1999); ISBN 0-631-21507-7
- Czechoslovakia: Crossroads and Crises, 1918-88 (1989); ISBN 0-333-48507-6
- The Times Atlas of World History (1989); ISBN 0-7230-0304-1 (ed.)
- The Other Russia (1990); ISBN 0-571-13574-9 (with Michael Glenny)
- Turkey in the Russian Mirror, in Ljubica Erickson and Mark Erickson (ed.), Russia: War, Peace and Diplomacy. Essays in Honour of John Erickson, London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2005, pp. 86–100.
- Islam in Turkey, in Caroline Y. Robertson-von Trotha (ed.), Europa in der Welt – die Welt in Europa (= Kulturwissenschaft interdisziplinär/Interdisciplinary Studies on Culture and Society, Vol. 1), Baden-Baden: Nomos, 2006, pp. 139–145.; ISBN 978-3-8329-1934-4
- World War One: A Short History (2007); ISBN 1-84614-013-7 Penguin Press
- The Atlantic and Its Enemies: A Personal History of the Cold War (2010); ISBN 978-1-84614-275-8 Allen Lane
- Turkey: A Short History (2010), ISBN 0-500-25175-4; Thames & Hudson
- World War Two: a Short History (2013), Allen Lane/Basic Books
- Prof. Norman Stone profile at Debrett's People of Today. Debrett's Peerage Ltd., 2008. Reproduced in Biography Resource Center. Farmington Hills, Michigan: Gale, 2009. http://galenet.galegroup.com/servlet/BioRC.(fee via Fairfax County Public Library); accessed 13 September 2009 (Document Number: K2413027212)
- Millard, Rosie (5 August 2007). "Britain’s a terrible bore, that’s why I left". The Times.
- Laqueur, Walter (1987). The Fate of the Revolution. New York: Scribner. p. 235.
- Grim Eminence, London Review of Books, Vol. 5 No. 1 · 10 January 1983, pages 3-8
- Graduate Programs Dept., Bilkent University at the Wayback Machine (archived March 22, 2005)
- Wyatt, Petronella (1 December 2012). "I was bullied out of Oxford for being a Tory". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 1 December 2012.
- "Univ. Prof. Dr. Norman Stone: Europe in the Turkish Mirror". Austrian-Turkish Forum of Sciences. 2 February 2003. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
- Griffiths, Lyndsay (13 April 1997). "Britain's Iron Lady is back, but who is she supporting?". Turkish Daily News. Reuters. Archived from the original on 14 November 2008.
- Norman Stone, "A Bungled Case for the Prosecution", The Spectator, 24 April 2004; "Armenia and Turkey", Times Literary Supplement, 15 October 2004; "Armenia in History," Times Literary Supplement, 5 November 2004; World War One: a Short History, London: Penguin Books, 2008, pp. 72-73 and 209; and Turkey: a Short History, London: Thames & Hudson, 2010, pp. 147-148 and 181.
- Review #1 of Turkey: A Short History
- Review #2 of Turkey: A Short History
- "Interview: Norman Stone has both entered history and written it". The Independent. 3 August 2007. Retrieved 13 September 2009.