Norman Alec Symonds (23 December 1920 – 21 August 1998) was a Canadian composer, clarinetist, and saxophonist who lived and worked in Toronto, Ontario. A leading figure in the third-stream movement in Canada, he composed several jazz works which employed classical forms.
Early life and education
Symonds was born in Nelson, British Columbia. He grew up in Victoria, British Columbia, where he began playing the clarinet as a teenager. He served in the Royal Canadian Navy during World War II from 1938-1945. While stationed in Halifax he played with a dixieland band under the direction of saxophonist Charles 'Bucky' Adams.
In 1945 Symonds entered The Royal Conservatory of Music where he studied clarinet, piano, theory, and harmony through 1948. He then studied privately for several years with Gordon Delamont in Toronto.
From 1949-1966, Symonds worked actively as a clarinetist, alto and baritone saxophonist and arranger with several dance bands in Toronto, including those led by Leo Romanelli, Bobby Gimby, and Benny Louis. From 1953-1957 he played with and directed his own jazz octet whose members also included Ed Bickert, Ron Collier, Ross Culley, Bernie Piltch, Jack Richardson, and Jerry Toth. The ensemble performed at the Stratford Festival in 1956.
Symonds' Concerto Grosso for Jazz Quintet was performed in 1963 by the Winnipeg Symphony Orchestra and the Ron Collier Jazz Quintet. In 1967 the orchestra performed his Democratic Concerto along with the Fred Stone Quartet.
In 1968 Symonds travelled about rural Canada on a fellowship from the Canada Council, writing and composing; his work became a 13-part radio series titled Travelling Big Lonely.
Symonds' composition "A Gift of Thanksgiving" was performed in 1980 by the Toronto Symphony Orchestra. In 1987 his work was included on the National Arts Centre Orchestra recording Canadian Classics Vol. 2.
- "Concerto Grosso for Jazz Quintet"
- "Big Lonely"
- "Three Atmospheres"
- "A Gift of Thanksgiving"
- Clifford Ford. Canada's music: an historical survey. GLC Publishers; 1982. p. 233.
- The Canadian Music Journal. Canadian Music Council.; 1957. p. 40.
- Clifford Ford. "Norman Symonds". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
- The Musical Times. Vol. 111, Issues 1523-1534. Musical Times Publications Limited; 1970. p. 15.
- Down Beat. Vol. 25, Issues 1-6. Maher Publications; January 1958. p. 29.
- "A Question Of Terms". Winnipeg Free Press, via Newspaper Archives. January 04, 1963 - Page 11
- "WSO And Jazz Quartet Have A Session". Winnipeg Free Press , via Newspaper Archives. December 15, 1967 - Page 12
- "When hipsters meet symphony you get sounds". Winnipeg Tribune, via Newspaper Archives. January 04, 1963 - Page 14
- Joel Flegler. Fanfare. Vol. 11, Issues 1-2. J. Flegler; 1987. p. 387.
- "Symonds composition a hit". Medicine Hat News, via Newspaper Archives. September 11, 1980 - Page 23
- Music Magazine. Vol. 10-11. Barrett & Colgrass; 1987. p. 42-43.