Normanskill Creek in Duanesburg
|Region||Upstate New York|
|Metropolitan area||Capital District|
|Part of||Hudson River Watershed|
|- left||Hunger Kill, Krum Kill|
|- right||Bozen Kill, Vly Creek|
|- location||Duanesburg, near Delanson, Schenectady County, New York|
|- location||Bethlehem, Albany County, New York|
|- elevation||0 ft (0 m)|
|Length||45 mi (72 km)|
|Basin||170 sq mi (440 km2)|
|- average||150 cu ft/s (4 m3/s)|
The Normans Kill basin encompasses
parts of three counties.
The Normans Kill is a 45.4-mile-long (73.1 km) creek in New York's Capital District located in Schenectady and Albany counties. It flows southeasterly from its source in the town of Duanesburg near Delanson to its mouth at the Hudson River in the town of Bethlehem. In the town of Guilderland, the stream is dammed to create the Watervliet Reservoir, a drinking water source for the city of Watervliet and the Town of Guilderland. A one megawatt hydrolectric plant at the dam provides power to pump water to the filtration plant.
The Normans Kill has been used historically as a source of water power during colonial times, during which many mills sprung up along its banks. Prior to the Industrial Revolution, blocks of ice were cut out of the creek for shipment to the city of New York as a form of early refrigeration. Its name is derived from the Dutch word for a Norwegian, the ethnicity of Albert Andriessen Bradt(more accurately spelled "Bratt"), an early settler who owned mills at the mouth of the creek in the early 17th century, and the word kill, Dutch for creek. Earlier names of the stream include Godyns Kil, Norman's Kill, Normans Kil, and the indigenous place name Ta-wa-sen-tha, Ta-wal-sou-tha, or Tawalsontha.
Originally called "Tawasentha" (a place of the many dead), the Normans Kill is named for Albert Andriessen Bradt, a Norwegian immigrant to Rensselaerswyck. The creek is named for his Norwegian (Norman) heritage. He was one of the first Scandinavians to the Dutch colony of New Netherland. He was a tobacco planter and as such came to the area of the Normans Kill for that purpose. The tobacco which he planted of several years was never of any great quality, and he proceeded to construct two sawmills along the Normans Kill.
- Vly Creek - Vlaie meaning "swamp" in Dutch.
- Krum Kill
- Hunger Kill
- Bozen Kill
- Wolf Creek
- Bonny Brook
- Indian House Creek
- I-os-co is the Native American name for a tributary of Normans Kill in Guilderland, but its current name is not known.
- The Schoharie River Environmental Study Team. "A Rapid Bio-Assessment of the Normanskill Creek Relative to the Duanesburg Sanitary Landfill" (PDF). The Schoharie River Center. p. 3.
- "Coastal Fish & Wildlife Habitat Rating Form: Normans Kill" (PDF). p. 2.
- U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map, accessed October 3, 2011
- "Watervliet Reservoir Watershed Protection Study" (PDF). Capital District Regional Planning Commission. Retrieved 2/7/2013. Check date values in:
- New York State Coastal Fish & Wildlife Habitat Rating
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Normans Kill
- Albany County Department of Economic Development, Conservation and Planning (2007). "Normans Kill Riparian Corridor Study" (PDF). Audubon New York. p. 1. Retrieved 2010-05-02.
- Evjen, John Oluf (1916). Scandinavian immigrants in New York, 1630-1674. K.C. Holter Publishing Company. pp. 19–26.
- Aboriginal place names of New York, by William Martin Beauchamp, page 20