Normanton (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 53°42′00″N 1°24′54″W / 53.700°N 1.415°W / 53.700; -1.415

Normanton
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Normanton in West Yorkshire for the 2005 general election.
Outline map
Location of West Yorkshire within England.
County West Yorkshire
18852010
Number of members One
Replaced by Normanton, Pontefract and Castleford, Morley and Outwood and Wakefield
Created from Southern West Riding of Yorkshire

Normanton was a county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

Boundaries[edit]

1918–1950: The Urban Districts of Altofts, Castleford, Featherstone, Methley, Normanton, and Whitwood.

1950–1983: The Urban Districts of Normanton, Rothwell, and Stanley, in the Rural District of Tadcaster the civil parishes of Great and Little Preston, and Swillington, and in the Rural District of Wakefield the civil parishes of Crofton, Sharlston, and Warmfield-cum-Heath.

1983–1997: The City of Wakefield wards of Normanton and Sharlston, Ossett, Stanley and Altofts, and Stanley and Wrenthorpe, and the City of Leeds ward of Rothwell.

1997–2010: The City of Wakefield wards of Horbury, Normanton and Sharlston, Ossett, Stanley and Altofts, and Stanley and Wrenthorpe.

The West Yorkshire constituency includes the towns of Normanton and Ossett and several villages. The area has a tradition of being working-class, but it has now become almost entirely gentrified as nearby Leeds has expanded as a financial centre.

Ossett is now actually the largest town in the area, due to its high growth in recent years. The Tory vote is very low in Normanton itself and in Ossett, but councillors have been elected for Horbury and for Wrenthorpe. Until recently the LibDems had all three councillors for the "Ossett" ward, but have never performed well in general elections, in this area. "Stanley and Outwood East" is a fairly safe Labour ward.

The constituency is nicknamed the banana constituency on account of its unusual shape.

The village of Altofts, located just to the north of Normanton, is currently included in the constituency, despite being part of a Castleford ward. The village is planned to move into a proposed "Pontefract and Castleford" seat. (but see below)

Boundary review[edit]

Following their review of parliamentary representation in West Yorkshire, the Boundary Commission for England had created a Normanton and Pontefract constituency. In late May 2006, the Commission published a revised recommendation changing the name of this constituency to Normanton, Pontefract and Castleford.

Local newspapers and the Labour Party opposed the initial change, but following a public consultation the Commission decided to create the seat conceding only a name change – from Pontefract and Castleford, to Normanton and Pontefract. This was extended to cover all three names. The wards of "Wrenthorpe and Outwood West" and "Stanley and Outwood East" – the most affluent part of the constituency – were joined to the Conservative-leaning commuter town of Morley, which is in the Leeds district, as Morley and Outwood. At the time local groups and newspapers protested that this represented a takeover of the Wakefield district by the Leeds district. An early concern of the Labour Party was that "Morley and Outwood" would be won the Conservatives, which ultimately did happen at the 2015 General Election. Ossett and Horbury were moved to the Wakefield constituency.

Members of Parliament[edit]

The constituency elected only Labour MPs since 1905, the longest run (with Gower and Makerfield) of any UK constituency. From 1885 to 1906, it had returned Liberal-Labour MPs.

Ed Balls, the former Secretary of State for Children, Schools and Families, represented the seat from the 2005 general election until 2010 when it was abolished.

Election Member[1] Party
1885 Benjamin Pickard Lib-Lab
1904 by-election William Parrott Lib-Lab
1905 by-election Frederick Hall Lib-Lab
1909 Labour
1933 by-election Tom Smith Labour
1947 by-election George Sylvester Labour
1950 Thomas Brooks Labour
1951 Albert Roberts Labour
1983 Bill O'Brien Labour
2005 Ed Balls Labour Co-op
2010 constituency abolished : see Normanton, Pontefract and Castleford
and Morley and Outwood

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

Pickard
General Election 1885: Normanton [2][3][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Lib-Lab Benjamin Pickard 5,615 60.2 n/a
Conservative Albany Hawkes Charlesworth 3,706 29.8 n/a
Majority 1,909 20.4 n/a
Turnout 9,321 81.2 n/a
Lib-Lab win (new seat)
General Election 1886: Normanton [2][3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Lib-Lab Benjamin Pickard 4,771 56.2 -4.0
Conservative Albany Hawkes Charlesworth 3,724 46.8 +4.0
Majority 1,047 12.4 -8.0
Turnout 8,495 74.0 -7.2
Lib-Lab hold Swing -4.0

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: Normanton [2][3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Lib-Lab Benjamin Pickard 6,134 61.7 +5.5
Conservative Percy Tew 3,803 38.3 -5.5
Majority 2,331 23.4 +11.0
Turnout 9,937 76.4 +2.4
Lib-Lab hold Swing +5.5
General Election 1895: Normanton [2][3][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Lib-Lab Benjamin Pickard 5,499 58.3 -3.4
Conservative Darcy Bruce Wilson 3,941 41.7 +3.4
Majority 1,558 16.6 -6.8
Turnout 9,440 72.6 -3.8
Lib-Lab hold Swing -3.4

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Normanton [2][3][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Lib-Lab Benjamin Pickard 5,025 58.2 -0.1
Conservative Cecil Edmund Lister-Kaye 3,606 41.8 +0.1
Majority 1,419 16.4 -0.2
Turnout 65.9 -6.7
Lib-Lab hold Swing -0.1
Parrott
Normanton by-election, 1904
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Lib-Lab William Parrott 6,855 70.2
Conservative Marcus Robert Phipps Dorman 2,909 29.8
Majority 3,946 40.4
Turnout 65.5
Lib-Lab hold Swing
Hall
Normanton by-election, 1905
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Lib-Lab Frederick Hall Unopposed n/a n/a
Lib-Lab hold Swing n/a
General Election 1906: Normanton [2][3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Lib-Lab Frederick Hall Unopposed n/a n/a
Lib-Lab hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Ashmead-Bartlett
General Election January 1910: Normanton [2][7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frederick Hall 9,172 72.2 n/a
Conservative Ellis Ashmead-Bartlett 3,540 27.8 n/a
Majority 5,632 44.4 n/a
Turnout 77.2 n/a
Labour hold Swing n/a
General Election December 1910: Normanton [2][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frederick Hall Unopposed n/a n/a
Labour hold Swing n/a

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1918: Normanton[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frederick Hall Unopposed n/a n/a
Labour hold Swing n/a
  • endorsed by Coalition Government

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1922: Normanton[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frederick Hall 16,040 73.3 n/a
National Liberal Ernest George Bearcroft 5,855 26.7 n/a
Majority 10,185 46.6 n/a
Turnout 21,895 68.3 n/a
Labour hold Swing n/a
General Election 1923: Normanton[9][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frederick Hall 15,455 78.0 +4.7
Unionist George Brown Hillman 4,365 22.0 -4.7
Majority 11,090 56.0 +9.4
Turnout 61.5 -6.8
Labour hold Swing +4.7
General Election 1924: Normanton[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frederick Hall Unopposed n/a n/a
Labour hold Swing n/a
General Election 1929: Normanton[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frederick Hall 26,008 83.1 n/a
Unionist Alfred Coates 5,276 16.9 n/a
Majority 20,732 66.2 n/a
Turnout 75.8 n/a
Labour hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Normanton[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frederick Hall 22,877 69.6 -13.5
Conservative John Norman Cumberbirch 9,974 30.4 +13.5
Majority 12,903 39.2 -27.0
Turnout 78.8 +3.0
Labour hold Swing -13.5
Normanton by-election, 1933
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Tom Smith Unopposed n/a n/a
Labour hold Swing n/a
General Election 1935: Normanton[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Tom Smith 26,705 81.4 n/a
Conservative Eric Oscar Moss 6,106 18.6 n/a
Majority 20,599 62.8 n/a
Turnout 77.7 n/a
Labour hold Swing n/a

General Election 1939/40

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Normanton[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Tom Smith 28,238 84.3 +2.9
Conservative John Harvey Hulbert 5,259 15.7 -2.9
Majority 22,979 68.6 +5.8
Turnout 79.9 +2.2
Labour hold Swing +2.9
Normanton by-election, 1947
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour George Oscar Sylvester 19,085 79.8 −4.5
Conservative John Enoch Powell 4,258 17.8 +2.1
Independent Walter Dixon Hartley 579 2.4 n/a
Majority 14,827 62.0 -6.6
Turnout 23,922 54.6 −25.3
Labour hold Swing -3.3

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1950: Normanton [13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Thomas Judson Brooks 31,986 74.53
Conservative Thomas Heseltine 10,929 25.47
Majority 21,057 49.07
Turnout 87.54
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951: Normanton [13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Albert Roberts 31,052 73.49
Conservative Thomas Heseltine 11,199 26.51
Majority 19,853 46.99
Turnout 85.48
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1955: Normanton [13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Albert Roberts 27,846 73.50
Conservative John Bird 10,040 26.50
Majority 17,806 47.00
Turnout 78.09
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1959: Normanton [13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Albert Roberts 29,672 72.65
Conservative James A C Briggs 11,169 27.35
Majority 18,503 45.30
Turnout 83.11
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1964: Normanton [13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Albert Roberts 28,477 72.53
Conservative Francis Kevin Roberts 10,785 27.47
Majority 17,692 45.06
Turnout 77.51
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1966: Normanton [13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Albert Roberts 29,416 76.41
Conservative John Edward R Wauchope 9,084 23.59
Majority 20,332 52.81
Turnout 74.31
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1970: Normanton [13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Albert Roberts 28,421 68.40
Conservative David H Cargill 13,132 31.60
Majority 15,289 36.79
Turnout 71.55
Labour hold Swing
United Kingdom general election, February 1974: Normanton [15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Albert Roberts 29,621 67.22
Conservative Antony Rivers Marlow 14,447 32.78
Majority 15,174 34.43
Turnout 75.40
Labour hold Swing
United Kingdom general election, October 1974: Normanton [15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Albert Roberts 24,372 58.73
Conservative J Makin 9,739 23.47
Liberal W Whitaker 7,384 17.79
Majority 14,633 35.26
Turnout 70.41
Labour hold Swing
United Kingdom general election, 1979: Normanton [15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Albert Roberts 26,591 56.43
Conservative MH Cavendish 14,398 30.55
Liberal ARC Paton 6,134 13.02
Majority 12,193 25.87
Turnout 76.76
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1983: Normanton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour William O'Brien 18,782 43.56
Conservative A Paul 14,599 33.86
Social Democratic P Pantelli 9,741 22.59
Majority 4,183 9.70
Turnout 70.40
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1987: Normanton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour William O'Brien 23,303 49.54
Conservative MDM Smith 16,016 34.05
Social Democratic RJ Macey 7,717 16.41
Majority 7,287 15.49
Turnout 74.78
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1992: Normanton[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour William O'Brien 25,936 51.8 +2.3
Conservative RW Sturdy 16,986 33.9 -0.1
Liberal Democrat M Galdas 7,137 14.3 -2.1
Majority 8,950 17.9 +2.4
Turnout 50,059 76.3 +1.5
Labour hold Swing +1.2
General Election 1997: Normanton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour William O'Brien 26,046 60.57
Conservative Fiona Bulmer 10,153 23.61
Liberal Democrat David Ridgway 5,347 12.43
Referendum Ken Shuttleworth 1,458 3.39
Majority 15,893 36.96
Turnout 68.28
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2001: Normanton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour William O'Brien 19,152 56.1 −4.5
Conservative Graham Smith 9,215 27.0 +3.4
Liberal Democrat Stephen Pearson 4,990 14.6 +2.2
Socialist Labour Mick Appleyard 798 2.3 N/A
Majority 9,937 29.1
Turnout 34,155 52.2 −16.0
Labour hold Swing
Balls
General Election 2005: Normanton
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Edward Michael Balls 19,161 51.2 −4.9
Conservative Andrew Theakstone Percy 9,159 24.5 −2.5
Liberal Democrat Simone Butterworth 6,357 17.0 +2.4
BNP John Aveyard 1,967 5.3 N/A
Independent Mark Harrop 780 2.1 N/A
Majority 10,002 26.7
Turnout 37,424 57.5 +5.3
Labour Co-op hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "N" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h British Parliamentary Election Results 1885–1918, FWS Craig
  3. ^ a b c d e f The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  4. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  5. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  6. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  7. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  8. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, FWS Craig
  10. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1931
  11. ^ Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939
  12. ^ Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer 22 March 1939
  13. ^ a b c d e f g British Parliamentary Election Results 1950–1973, FWS Craig
  14. ^ a b c d e f g The Times House of Commons, 1950–70
  15. ^ a b c British Parliamentary Election Results, 1974–1983, FWS Craig
  16. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010. 

Sources[edit]