|Trade names||Metalutin, others|
|Synonyms||Normetandrone; Methylestrenolone; Methyloestrenolone; Methylnortestosterone; Normethyltestosterone; Normethandrolone; Normethisterone; Methylnandrolone; NMT; 17α-Methyl-19-nortestosterone; 17α-Methylestr-4-en-17β-ol-3-one; P-6051; RU-598; NSC-10039|
|Drug class||Progestin; Progestogen; Androgen; Anabolic steroid|
|Chemical and physical data|
|Molar mass||288.42 g/mol|
|3D model (JSmol)|
Normethandrone, also known as methylestrenolone or methylnortestosterone and sold under the brand name Metalutin among others, is a progestin and androgen/anabolic steroid (AAS) medication which is used in combination with an estrogen in the treatment of amenorrhea and menopausal symptoms in women. It is taken by mouth.
Side effects of normethandrone include symptoms of masculinization like acne, increased hair growth, voice changes, and increased sexual desire. It can also cause liver damage. Normethandrone is a progestin, or a synthetic progestogen, and hence is an agonist of the progesterone receptor, the biological target of progestogens like progesterone. It is also a synthetic AAS and hence is an agonist of the androgen receptor, the biological target of androgens like testosterone and dihydrotestosterone (DHT). It has some estrogenic activity as well and no other important hormonal activity.
Normethandrone was introduced for medical use by 1957. It is available only in a few countries, including Brazil, Indonesia, and Venezuela, and is available only in combination with methylestradiol or estradiol valerate.
Normethandrone is used in combination with an estrogen, either methylestradiol or estradiol valerate, in the treatment of amenorrhea and menopausal symptoms in women. It has also been used to treat dysmenorrhea in women. Normethandrone has been used successfully to inhibit libido in men with sexual deviance. Although normethandrone can be classified as an AAS and has strong such effects at sufficiently high doses, it is not typically used as such and is instead used medically only as a progestin. This is because it is so highly progestogenic in comparison.
Normethandrone shows high progestogenic activity. With sublingual administration in women, it has at least 150 times the potency of sublingual progesterone and 50 times the potency of sublingual ethisterone. It also has 10 times the potency of injected progesterone via this route. In addition to its progestogenic activity, normethandrone has anabolic and androgenic activity and can produce effects associated with this activity. It has a high ratio of anabolic to androgenic activity. The anabolic potency of normethandrone is similar to that of norethandrolone and is much greater than that of nandrolone or metandienone. It is also greater than that of ethylestrenol. In addition to its progestogenic and androgenic/anabolic activity, normethandrone has estrogenic activity via aromatization into methylestradiol.
Analogously to nandrolone and norethandrolone, 5α-dihydronormethandrone, the 5α-reduced metabolite of normethandrone, shows reduced affinity for the androgen receptor relative to normethandrone. Its affinity for the androgen receptor is specifically about 33 to 60% of that of normethandrone.
|Values are percentages (%). Reference ligands (100%) were progesterone for the PR, testosterone for the AR, E2 for the ER, DEXA for the GR, aldosterone for the MR, DHT for SHBG, and cortisol for CBG.|
Normethandrone is metabolized by aromatase into methylestradiol in small quantities, similarly to methyltestosterone and metandienone. The metabolites of normethandrone have not been well-studied, but 5α-dihydronormethandrone is a likely metabolite formed by 5α-reductase.
Normethandrone, also known as 17α-methyl-19-nortestosterone or as 17α-methylestr-4-en-17β-ol-3-one, is a synthetic estrane steroid and a 17α-alkylated derivative of nandrolone (19-nortestosterone; 19-NT). It is specifically the 17α-methyl derivative of nandrolone as well as the 17α-methyl variant of norethandrolone (17α-ethyl-19-NT) and norethisterone (17α-ethynyl-19-NT).
Normethandrone has been marketed for medical use since 1957.
Society and culture
Normethandrone has not been assigned an INN or other formal name designations. It is also known as methylestrenolone, methylnortestosterone, normethandrolone, and normethisterone.
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