Norristown High Speed Line

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Norristown High Speed Line
Norristown High Speed Line (logo).svg
SEPTA N-5.jpg
SEPTA N-5 train #144 of the Norristown High Speed Line as it enters the Gulph Mills station in Upper Merion, Pennsylvania.
TypeInterurban/Light rapid transit
SystemSEPTA Suburban Division
LocaleDelaware and Montgomery Counties, Pennsylvania
Termini69th Street Transportation Center (south)
Norristown Transportation Center (north)
  • Local
  • Express
  • Limited
Daily ridership10,050 (average weekday FY 2014)[1]
Ridership3,429,300 (FY 2015)[2]
WebsiteNorristown High Speed Line
CharacterSurface (grade separated)
Rolling stock26[2] ASEA (Asea Brown Boveri) Type N-5 MU
Line length17.4 mi (28.0 km)[3]
Number of tracks1–3
Track gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
ElectrificationThird rail
Operating speed55 mph (89 km/h)
Route number100 (former)
Route map

13.4 mi
21.6 km
12.8 mi
20.6 km
12.3 mi
19.8 km
DeKalb Street
11.0 mi
17.7 km
Hughes Park
10.3 mi
16.6 km
Gulph Mills
9.4 mi
15.1 km
8.6 mi
13.8 km
County Line
7.9 mi
12.7 km
7.0 mi
11.3 km
6.8 mi
10.9 km
Stadium–Ithan Avenue
6.4 mi
10.3 km
Garrett Hill
5.9 mi
9.5 km
Roberts Road
5.4 mi
8.7 km
Bryn Mawr
4.5 mi
7.2 km
3.9 mi
6.3 km
Ardmore Avenue
3.4 mi
5.5 km
Ardmore Junction
3.1 mi
5 km
Wynnewood Road
2.5 mi
4 km
1.9 mi
3.1 km
1.4 mi
2.3 km
Township Line Road
0.7 mi
1.1 km
0 mi
0 km
69th Street
Routes 101 & 102
to Media & Sharon Hill

The Norristown High Speed Line (NHSL, also called the Purple Line, the P&W, or the Route 100[4]) is a 13.4 miles (21.6 km)[3] interurban light rapid transit line operated by SEPTA, running between the 69th Street Transportation Center in Upper Darby and the Norristown Transportation Center in Norristown, Pennsylvania, United States. The rail line runs entirely on its own right-of-way, inherited from the original Philadelphia and Western Railroad line (still referred to by locals as the "old P&W" or as Route 100). In Fiscal Year 2013, the Norristown High Speed Line carried 2,419,500 passengers;[2] this was down from the 2.764 million passengers carried in Fiscal Year 2012, partly due to a two-day service suspension due to Hurricane Sandy.[2] In Fiscal Year 2015, the Norristown High Speed Line carried 3,429,300 passengers, an increase of 9% from FY 2014 when it carried 3,147,209 passengers.[5]

The Norristown High Speed Line is unique in its combination of transportation technologies. Originally chartered as a Class I (steam) railroad, the line is fully grade separated, collects power from a third rail, and has high-level platforms common to rapid transit systems or commuter rail systems such as New York City's Long Island Rail Road and Metro-North Railroad, but has onboard fare collection, mostly single-car operation, and frequent stops more common to light rail systems. Previously, the Norristown High Speed Line was considered to be a heavy rail line, according to a 2008 SEPTA budget report;[6] however, the line is currently considered an interurban heavy rail line, according to a 2009 SEPTA business plan, and subsequent capital budgets.[7][8] It has also been categorized by the American Public Transportation Association as "Intermodal High Speed rapid rail transit".[9]

The purple color-coded line was formerly known simply as Route 100, but was officially changed to its current name in September 2009 as part of a customer service initiative by SEPTA.[10] The line has been subject to multiple accidents in recent years. In August of 2017, there was a crash involving an unoccupied railcar at 69th Street Terminal that injured more than 40 people. As a result, the maximum operating speed on the line was decreased to 55 mph.[11]


Norristown, PA in September, 1969

The Norristown High Speed Line began service in 1907 as the Philadelphia and Western Railroad (P&W), which ran from the present 69th Street Terminal in Upper Darby, Pennsylvania to a converted farmhouse station in Strafford, Pennsylvania. In 1911, the line was extended 0.47 miles (0.76 km) west to a new Strafford P&W station adjacent to the Pennsylvania Railroad's Strafford station, allowing easy interchange between the two lines. In 1912, a 6.2-mile (10 km) branch was constructed from Villanova Junction, 0.33 miles (0.53 km) west of the existing Villanova station, to Norristown.[12] When the newly built branch quickly attracted more ridership than the Strafford main line, the Norristown section became the main line and the Strafford stretch was demoted to branch status; in the mid-1930s, the Strafford spur was narrowed to a single track for its last 1.74 miles (2.8 km) between the Wayne-St. Davids and Strafford stations, while the Norristown line received a sleek new art deco terminus at Main and Swede Streets.[12]

Lehigh Valley connection[edit]

From Norristown, the P&W RR connected its tracks with the Lehigh Valley Transit Liberty Bell Route to provide direct electric train service from 69th St. Terminal to Allentown, Pennsylvania. However, in 1951, the Lehigh Valley Transit Company ended its service on the Liberty Bell Route, and in 1953 the company ended all its remaining rail service. Two years later, the P&W RR was taken over by the Philadelphia Suburban Transportation Company (PSTC), which was more popularly known as the Red Arrow Lines. In 1956, the PSTC abandoned the original branch between Villanova and Strafford, leaving only electric MU train service between 69th Street and Norristown, as it is today.[13] Part of the Strafford branch right of way has been converted into the Radnor Trail. The PSTC was absorbed into SEPTA in 1969,[3] eliminating the original railroad charter and immediately becoming the "Norristown High-Speed Line Trolley", officially known as Route 100.


Ridership on the Norristown Line peaked in 2015 at 3,429,300. The previous peak came in 2014 with 3,147,209 trips. Prior to this modern escalation in ridership the line's ridership was highest in 1973 at 2.86 million annual linked trips, and again in 1980 with 2.579 million annual linked trips. Ridership statistics for fiscal years 2000 and later are from SEPTA annual service plans. Data for years 1972 to 1997 are from the SEPTA 1997 ridership census. There may be some discrepancy in how the ridership is reported since the annual service plans report total unlinked trips, while the ridership census uses linked trips, which may exclude passengers transferring from other lines.

Fiscal year Average weekday Annual passengers
FY 2016 3,429,300
FY 2015 3,147,209
FY 2005 8,801 2,512,690
FY 2004 8,428 2,463,500
FY 2003 7,925 2,491,074
FY 2000 9,250 3,046,927
Fiscal year Annual linked trips Fiscal year Annual linked trips
1997 1,754,000   1984 2,338,000
1996 1,696,000 1983 2,484,000
1995 1,926,000 1982 2,089,000
1994 2,079,000 1981 1,899,000
1993 2,251,000 1980 2,579,000
1992 2,222,000 1979 2,133,000
1991 2,234,000 1978 1,992,000
1990 2,162,000 1977 1,832,000
1989 2,295,000 1976 2,218,000
1988 2,185,000 1975 2,162,000
1987 1,888,000 1974 2,425,000
1986 1,915,000 1973 2,860,000
1985 2,255,000 1972 2,496,000

Station names[edit]

Effective June 14, 2010, SEPTA changed the names of four stations to reflect the streets on which they were located. Township Line Road (formerly West Overbrook Station), Roberts Road (formerly Rosemont Station), Stadium – Ithan Avenue (formerly Stadium Station) and DeKalb Street (formerly King Manor Station).

Closure of Schuylkill River bridge for repairs[edit]

In summer 2013, SEPTA closed the bridge (the Bridgeport Viaduct) carrying the Norristown High Speed Line over the Schuylkill River for four months.[14][15] The bridge, which was built in 1911, had been deteriorating and needed to be rebuilt which would cost an upwards of $30 million, though this repair project was budgeted at $7.5 million.[15] As a result of closing the bridge, buses were used to transport passengers between the Bridgeport station and the Norristown Transportation Center.[16] The bridge was reopened in November 2013.[14][17] The remaining $30 million renovation of the entire bridge structure is currently unscheduled.[17]


The NHSL ran two-car trains and played a pivotal role in the infrastructure of the 2013 U.S. Open at Merion Golf Club.
Route 100 map from 1974

The fare for a single ride as of January 2020 is $2.50 using cash or $2.00 using the Travel Wallet feature on a SEPTA Key card.[18] Until September 1, 2014, the line used a "pay-as-you-exit" fare collection system on trains towards 69th Street Transportation Center. As part of a general change on several routes approaching 69th Street, passengers now pay onboard upon entering the train.[19] Starting January 7, 2019, fares at 69th Street Transportation Center and Norristown Transportation Center are collected from station turnstiles from 5:30 am to 9:00 pm on weekdays.[20]

The service runs seven days a week, from about 5:00 am to 1:00 am. Local trains from 69th Street to Norristown stop at all 22 stations, and the trip lasts approximately 32 minutes. Occasionally, local trains may run only between 69th Street and Bryn Mawr, stopping at ten stations, or 69th Street and Hughes Park, stopping at 18 stations.

During weekday peak periods (6:00–9:00 AM, 2:15–6:45 PM), the Norristown High Speed Line features express and limited services, which stop only at select stations, therefore decreasing travel time between 69th Street and Norristown. Norristown Express service, denoted by red destination signs, travels between 69th Street and Norristown in approximately 26 minutes, and stops at 17 stations. Norristown Limited service, denoted by blue destination signs, travels between 69th Street and Norristown in approximately 22 minutes, stopping at only eight stations. All trains share the same two tracks, so a limited leaving Norristown, for example, will be immediately followed by a local, which stops at more stations, and therefore is spaced farther from the previous train. The next limited will catch up with it. Similarly, a local may leave Bryn Mawr right after an express stops there, and gets to 69th Street just before the next express or limited catches up with it.

A former Hughes Park Express service, was denoted by green destination signs, traveled nonstop from 69th Street to Beechwood–Brookline, and made all stops from there to Hughes Park in approximately 22 minutes.

Station list[edit]

Most stations (except terminals) are request stops. Passengers wishing to board must push a button at the station, which activates a light visible to the engineer. If the train is scheduled to stop at the station (see below), it will stop. Detraining passengers must press a button on board to request the train to stop.

Location Miles (km) LCL EXP LIM Station Notes/Connections
Upper Darby 0.0 (0.0) 69th Street Transportation Center Handicapped/disabled access SEPTA.svg SEPTA Rapid Transit: MFL Market–Frankford Line
SEPTA.svg SEPTA Suburban Trolley: Tram interchange 101, 102
SEPTA.svg SEPTA City Bus: Bus transport 21, 30, 65
SEPTA.svg SEPTA Suburban Bus: Bus transport 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 109, 110, 111, 112, 120, 123, 126
0.7 (1.1) Parkview Served by all local trains and inbound express trains
Haverford 1.4 (2.3) Township Line Road Served by all inbound trains and outbound local trains
SEPTA.svg SEPTA Suburban Bus: Bus transport 103
1.9 (3.1) Penfield Car parking
2.5 (4.0) Beechwood – Brookline
3.1 (5.0) Wynnewood Road Handicapped/disabled access Car parking
3.4 (5.5) Ardmore Junction Car parking SEPTA.svg SEPTA Suburban Bus: Bus transport 103
3.9 (6.3) Ardmore Avenue Car parking
4.5 (7.2) Haverford Car parking
Radnor 5.4 (8.7) Bryn Mawr Car parking
5.9 (9.5) Roberts Road
6.4 (10.3) Garrett Hill
6.8 (10.9) Stadium – Ithan Avenue
7.0 (11.3) Villanova Car parking SEPTA.svg SEPTA Suburban Bus: Bus transport 106
7.9 (12.7) Radnor Car parking SEPTA.svg SEPTA Suburban Bus: Bus transport 106
Lower Merion 8.6 (13.8) County Line
9.4 (15.1) Matsonford Car parking
Upper Merion 10.3 (16.6) Gulph Mills Handicapped/disabled access Car parking SEPTA.svg SEPTA Suburban Bus: Bus transport 95, 124, 125
11.0 (17.7) Hughes Park
Bridgeport 12.3 (19.8) DeKalb Street Car parking SEPTA.svg SEPTA Suburban Bus: Bus transport 99
12.8 (20.6) Bridgeport
Norristown 13.4 (21.6) Norristown Transportation Center Handicapped/disabled access Car parking SEPTA.svg SEPTA Regional Rail:      Manayunk/​Norristown Line
SEPTA.svg SEPTA Suburban Bus: Bus transport 90, 91, 93, 96, 97, 98, 99, 131

King of Prussia Spur[edit]

Map of the Red Arrow Lines showing the current Norristown High Speed Line (blue); the former branch to Strafford is dashed, as well as former trolley Routes 101–104 (red, still in use, and orange, disbanded)

In 2013, it was proposed to create a branch off the Norristown High Speed Line to serve the King of Prussia mall, Valley Forge office parks, and the Valley Forge Casino Resort.[21] Many possible routes were planned for this extension, including one following US 202 from Norristown to King of Prussia, another following a utility right-of-way paralleling US 202 and the Pennsylvania Turnpike, and another following the utility right-of-way and Gulph Road.[22] In 2014, SEPTA estimated that the expansion would cost between $500 million to $650 million, and was at least eight years away.[23]

On February 29, 2016, SEPTA announced which of those routes it would prefer as being most cost-efficient and environmentally-friendly. The route will branch off from the main route between Hughes Park and DeKalb Street, and will follow a PECO transmission line right-of-way from the wye junction to the Pennsylvania Turnpike.[24] From there, it will run across the south side of the Pennsylvania Turnpike until it reaches the King of Prussia mall.[24] It will then follow Mall Boulevard, before crossing the Turnpike and following First Avenue.[24] Stations will be located at Henderson Road, the Court and Plaza at King of Prussia, at the intersection of First and Clark avenues in the King of Prussia Business Park, and on First Avenue near the Valley Forge Casino Resort.[24]

On January 25, 2018, the SEPTA board approved a final route alignment, selecting the locally preferred routing from among the options studied in the project's draft environmental impact statement (EIS).[25] The 7.2 kilometres (4.5 mi) line was estimated to cost between $1 billion and $1.2 billion, with ridership estimated at 9,500 daily by 2040.[25] In January, 2019, SEPTA engaged the engineering firm HNTB to design Phase I of the project.[26]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "SEPTA Route Statistics 2014" (PDF). SEPTA. July 2014. p. 221. Retrieved October 13, 2014.
  2. ^ a b c d "SEPTA Operating Facts Fiscal Year 2013" (PDF). SEPTA. 2013. p. 3. Retrieved November 12, 2013.
  3. ^ a b c "SEPTA - Media Guide" (PDF). Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority. 2013. Retrieved November 12, 2013.
  4. ^ "How to Ride - Norristown High Speed Line". I SEPTA Philly. Retrieved February 13, 2020.
  5. ^ "SEPTA Operating Facts - Fiscal Year 2015" (PDF).
  6. ^ "Fiscal 2008 Operating Budget" (PDF). SEPTA. 2008. p. 1. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 25, 2008. Retrieved June 1, 2009.
  7. ^ "SEPTA Five-Year Strategic Business Plan" (PDF). SEPTA. p. 4. Retrieved June 1, 2009.
  8. ^ "SEPTA Fiscal Year 2016 Capital Budget" (PDF).
  9. ^ "American Public Transportation Association - A MULTIMODAL TOUR OF THE DELAWARE VALLEY" (PDF). American Public Transportation Association (APTA). June 1, 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 11, 2013. Retrieved November 10, 2013.
  10. ^ Nussbaum, Paul (July 22, 2009). "SEPTA seeks input on Regional Rail name changes". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Archived from the original on July 25, 2009. Retrieved January 10, 2010.
  11. ^ Laughlin, Jason (September 29, 2017). "Speed reduced on Norristown High-Speed Line in wake of crash". Retrieved December 22, 2018.
  12. ^ a b DeGraw, Ronald (2007). Pig & Whistle: The Story of the Philadelphia & Western Railway. Chicago: Central Electric Railfans' Association. ISBN 978-0-915348-40-4
  13. ^ Bell, Jon (March 22, 2006). "Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Norristown High Speed Line". Presbyterian College. Archived from the original on July 8, 2007. Retrieved August 1, 2007.
  14. ^ a b "Bridgeport Viaduct Improvement Project Recap". SEPTA. November 14, 2013. Retrieved December 8, 2013.
  15. ^ a b Adkins, Lynne (July 8, 2013). "Four-Month Construction Project Gets Underway On The Norristown High Speed Line". CBS Philly (CBS 3). Retrieved November 12, 2013.
  16. ^ Nussbaum, Paul (December 14, 2012). "SEPTA to close Norristown line's rail bridge over Schuylkill". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Interstate General Media, LLC. Retrieved December 19, 2012.
  17. ^ a b "Bridgeport Viaduct to reopen for Norristown high-speed line". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Interstate General Media, LLC. November 4, 2013. Retrieved November 12, 2013.
  18. ^ "Fares". SEPTA. Retrieved November 30, 2017.
  19. ^ "Pay As You Enter". SEPTA. Retrieved December 13, 2014.
  20. ^ "Norristown High Speed Line: SEPTA Key Turnstiles Going Into Service At 69th Street & Norristown Transportation Centers Effective January 7, 2019". SEPTA. Retrieved January 7, 2019.
  21. ^ Geringer, Dan (July 16, 2013). "SEPTA mulls rail service to King of Prussia, Valley Forge". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved July 17, 2013.
  22. ^ Parks, Jessica (July 17, 2013). "SEPTA studies high-speed rail extension to King of Prussia". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved July 17, 2013.
  23. ^ Shelly, Jared (January 30, 2014). "SEPTA's new plans for $500M King of Prussia Rail project". Philadelphia Business Journal. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
  24. ^ a b c d Smith, Sandy (February 29, 2016). "SEPTA Picks a King of Prussia Rail Route". Philadelphia Magazine. Retrieved March 2, 2016.
  25. ^ a b "Septa moves forward with King of Prussia Rail Project". International Rail Journal. January 26, 2018. Retrieved January 28, 2018.
  26. ^ Anna Merriman (January 28, 2019). "SEPTA awards $7M contract for first part of KOP rail design". Curbed Philadelphia. Retrieved April 3, 2019.


External links[edit]

Route map:

KML is from Wikidata