Norte, the End of History

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Norte, the End of History
Norte, the End of History 2013.jpg
Philippine theatrical release poster
Directed byLav Diaz
Produced byMoira Lang
(Raymond Lee)
Screenplay byLav Diaz
Rody Vera
Story byRody Vera
Michiko Yamamoto
Raymond Lee
Music byPerry Dizon
CinematographyLauro Rene Manda
Edited byLav Diaz
Wacky O Productions, Kayan Productions, Origin8 Media
Distributed byCinema Guild
Release date
  • 23 May 2013 (2013-05-23) (Cannes)
  • 10 September 2014 (2014-09-10) (Philippines)
Running time
250 minutes[1]

Norte, the End of History (Filipino: Norte, Hangganan ng Kasaysayan) is a 2013 Filipino drama film written and directed by Lav Diaz. Lasting for more than four hours, the film explores themes of crime, class, and family.

Screened at the Un Certain Regard section at the 2013 Cannes Film Festival,[2] as well as the 2013 Toronto International Film Festival, the main slate of 2013 New York Film Festival, and the Masters section of the 2013 San Diego Asian Film Festival,[3] the film has received wide acclaim for its riveting storytelling and unique cinematography. The film also won four awards including Best Picture and Best Actress at the 2014 Gawad Urian Awards.[4]

The film had a limited release in the Philippines on 11 March 2014 and its wide theatrical release on 10 September 2014. It was selected as the Filipino entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 87th Academy Awards, but was not nominated.[5][6]


The lives of three people take a turn when one of them commits a crime.

Joaquin (Archie Alemania) is failing miserably at providing for his family. When his money lender gets murdered, the crime is pinned on him. Misery and solitude transform him in prison.

Left to fend for the family, his wife Eliza (Angeli Bayani) pours all of her strength to battling with despair and eking out a living for their children.

The real perpetrator, Fabian (Sid Lucero), roams free. His disillusionment with his country—its history of revolutions marred by betrayal and crimes unpunished—drives him to the edge of sanity.[7]


Critical reception[edit]

Norte, the End of History received critical acclaim, with a "fresh" score of 90% on Rotten Tomatoes based on 31 reviews, with an average rating of 8 out of 10. The critical consensus states "Its four-hour length is undeniably imposing, but Norte, the End of History rewards patient viewers with an absorbing, visually expansive viewing experience."[8] The film has a score of 81 on Metacritic based on 10 reviews, signifying "universal acclaim".[9]

A.O. Scott of New York Times writes, "More than four hours long, filmed in expansive takes with almost no close-ups and very few camera movements, Lav Diaz's "Norte, the End of History" is a tour de force of slow cinema. It is the work of a director as fascinated by decency as by ugliness, and able to present the chaos of life in a series of pictures that are at once luminously clear and endlessly mysterious."[10]

Neil Young of The Hollywood Reporter gave an underwhelming review by saying, "There's little in the way of genuine depth, complexity or nuance here, Diaz instead seeks to convey the illusion of profundity by having various characters throw around weighty social and philosophical verbiage in thuddingly sophomoric fashion."[11]

At the end of 2013, British magazine Sight & Sound listed Norte as one of the Top 10 films of 2013, tying for the ninth spot with the French film Stranger by the Lake.[12] The film also was chosen by the International Cinephile Society Awards 2014 as one of the Best Films not released in 2013.[13] Norte was also ranked at #15 at Film Comment's Top 20 Best Films of 2014.[14]

Awards and nominations[edit]

Year Event Category Recipient Result
2013 Cannes Film Festival Prix Un Certain Regard Norte, the End of History Nominated
Cinemanila International Film Festival (Best Film) Lino Brocka Award Nominated
Best Director Award Lav Diaz Won
International Cinephile Society Awards Best Picture not released in 2013 Norte, the End of History Won
Nuremberg International Human Rights Film Festival Nuremberg International Human Rights Film Award Won
2014 Gawad Urian Awards Best Picture Won
Best Actor Sid Lucero Nominated
Best Actress Angeli Bayani Won
Best Supporting Actor Archie Alemania Nominated
Best Director Lav Diaz Nominated
Best Screenplay Lav Diaz and Rody Vera Won
Best Cinematography Lauro Manda Won
Best Music Perry Dizon Nominated
Best Editing Lav Diaz Nominated
Best Sound Corinne de San Jose Nominated
Golden Screen Awards Best Motion Picture (Drama) Norte, the End of History Nominated
Best Director Lav Diaz Nominated
Best Original Screenplay Rody Vera
Lav Diaz
Best Original Story Rody Vera
Michiko Yamamoto
Raymond Lee
2015 Film Independent Spirit Awards Best Foreign Film Lav Diaz Nominated
London Film Critics' Circle Awards Best Foreign Language Film of the Year Nominated

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Norte, the End of History". MSP Film Society. The Film Society of Minneapolis St. Paul. Retrieved 30 August 2014.
  2. ^ "2013 Official Selection". Cannes. 30 April 2013. Retrieved 30 April 2013.
  3. ^ cite web|url=
  4. ^ "Urian Awards 2014". Gawad Urian. 18 June 2014. Retrieved 18 June 2014.
  5. ^ "Oscars: Philippines Select 'Norte, The End of History' for Foreign-Language Category". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 9 November 2015.
  6. ^ "9 Foreign Language Films Advance in Oscar® Race". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. 19 December 2014. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
  7. ^ "Official Facebook Page Info". Retrieved 13 May 2014.
  8. ^ "Norte, the End of History". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 24 June 2014.
  9. ^ "Norte, the End of History Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved 24 June 2014.
  10. ^ "'Norte, the End of History,' a Dostoyevskian Fable". New York Times. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
  11. ^ "Norte, Hangganan ng Kasaysayan". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
  12. ^ "Sight & Sound Names 'Act of Killing' Top Film of 2013". Variety. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
  13. ^ "'Inside Llewyn Davis,' 'Blue Is The Warmest Color' Top 2014 International Cinephile Society Awards". Indiewire. Retrieved 25 February 2014.
  14. ^ "Film Comment Names 'Boyhood' Best Film Of 2014, Releases Top 20 List & 20 Films Without Distribution To See". Indiewire. Retrieved 12 December 2014.

External links[edit]