North-American Interfraternity Conference

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North-American Interfraternity Conference
The letter N next to a column. The column represents the letter I. Following the column is the letter C.
The NIC logo
Formation November 27, 1909; 108 years ago (1909-11-27)[1]
Type Trade association[1]
Headquarters Indianapolis, Indiana
Region served
North America
Membership
70[1]
Website www.nicindy.org

The North-American Interfraternity Conference (or NIC; formerly known as the National Interfraternity Conference) is an association of collegiate men's fraternities that was formally organized in 1910, although it began on November 27, 1909. The power of the organization rests in a House of Delegates in which each member fraternity is represented by a single delegate. However, the group's executive and administrative powers are vested in an elected board of directors consisting of nine volunteers from various NIC fraternities. Headquartered in Indianapolis, Indiana, the NIC also operates a small professional staff.[1][2]

The NIC seeks to provide services that will include, "but not be limited to, promotion of cooperative action in dealing with fraternity matters of mutual concern, research in areas of fraternity operations and procedures, fact-finding and data gathering, and the dissemination of such data to the member fraternities". However, it notes that "[c]onference action shall not in any way abrogate the right of its member fraternities to self-determination".[3]

As of June 2011, the NIC had seventy-five member organizations with 5,500 chapters located on over 800 campuses in the United States and Canada with approximately 350,000 undergraduate members.[1]

Originally named the Interfraternity Conference, the name was changed to the National Interfraternity Conference in 1931. The current name, the North-American Interfraternity Conference, was adopted in 1999 to reflect the organization's affiliations at Canadian colleges and universities.[citation needed]

Membership requirements[edit]

The NIC membership requirements are detailed in the By-Laws of the North-American Interfraternity Conference.[4] Each member fraternity must be national or international in scope, as opposed to local, which is defined to mean having five chapters of ten men each, having three chapters which have been part of the fraternity for at least five years, and have a constitution that calls for national conventions with interim authority vested in a smaller governing body. Further, each fraternity must be exclusive of other NIC members and, therefore, in competition with them for the purposes of recruitment. All members' chapters must exist at four or two-year degree granting colleges. The members agree to share "best practices, statistics and information that will benefit member organizations".

Also, the members agree to uphold universal fraternal ideals, to hold their individual chapters and colonies to their general vision statements, honor NIC resolutions, abide by the NIC Constitution and By-Laws, attend all meetings of the House of Delegates, and pay membership dues.

Each member fraternity must share a wealth of statistical information with the NIC including the number of new members, new member retention, the number of new initiates, total number of initiates, annual retention rate, the number of new chapters and their size, the number of closed chapters and the reason for closure, the total number of active chapters, number of members who are "campus leaders", number of hours of community service completed, and amount of money raised for charitable causes. This information is aggregated, and the raw data is destroyed.

The NIC requires its members to support open expansion on their campuses. It requires that its members are insured and have risk management programs. It imposes a grade requirement on new members and initiated members. It denies members from having women's auxiliary groups. It requires alcohol free recruitment and new member programs, and new member programs are capped at twelve weeks and encouraged to be shorter. Finally, each member must have provisions for the emergency temporary suspension of any of its chapters.

NIC members are required to "communicate its values through its ritual at least annually or as prescribed by its policies."

Mission[edit]

The NIC serves to advocate the needs of its member fraternities through enrichment of the fraternity experience; advancement and growth of the fraternity community; and enhancement of the educational mission of the host institutions. The NIC is also committed to enhancing the benefits of fraternity membership. Each of the 75 member organizations has adopted basic expectations of their members and agreed to the following Nine Basic Expectations.

  1. I will know and understand the ideals expressed in my fraternity ritual and will strive to incorporate them in my daily life.
  2. I will strive for academic achievement and practice academic integrity.
  3. I will respect the dignity of all persons; therefore I will not physically, mentally, psychologically or sexually abuse or harm any human being.
  4. I will protect the health and safety of all human beings.
  5. I will respect my property and the property of others; therefore, I will neither abuse nor tolerate the abuse of property.
  6. I will meet my financial obligations in a timely manner.
  7. I will neither use nor support the use of illegal drugs; I will neither misuse nor support the misuse of alcohol.
  8. I acknowledge that a clean and attractive environment is essential to both physical and mental health; therefore, I will do all in my power to see that the chapter property is properly cleaned and maintained.
  9. I will challenge all my fraternity members to abide by these fraternal expectations and will confront those who violate them.

NIC meetings[edit]

The NIC is not a governing or regulatory board. It is a voluntary trade association; therefore, it is important that the leadership of the organization gather on a regular basis. This occurs annually at the NIC Congressional Reception and the NIC Annual Meeting.

At the congressional reception, the leadership of the NIC, National Panhellenic Conference (NPC), National Pan-Hellenic Council (NPHC), and the National Association of Latino Fraternal Organizations (NALFO) sponsor a series of meetings and receptions to advance an agenda that is positive toward fraternal organizations. Legislative priorities are determined with current emphasis on the College Fire Prevention Act which authorizes federal funding to upgrade fire safety in college dormitories and fraternity/sorority housing. It is estimated that there is $3.7 billion worth of fraternity housing, most of which is currently not fitted with fire prevention devices such as sprinklers. Other legislative priorities include Freedom of Association, Freedom of Speech, student privacy, and single sex exemptions under Title IX.

Public relations efforts[edit]

The North-American Interfraternity Conference has conducted research which suggests that to most effectively improve its public perception, high school juniors and seniors should be the primary focus of its public relations campaign. Specifically, the NIC would like to convince these students that their values align with those of the fraternity system before they enter the college environment.

Additionally, the North-American Interfraternity Conference believes that fraternity involvement supports the retention and success of college students, and, therefore, that strong partnerships between the fraternity and university community will have a positive effect on both communities. Moreover, they believe that support from the university community is essential to the success on the NIC's public relations initiatives.

Educational programming[edit]

Five permanent staff members create learning opportunities for all undergraduate men through a variety of programs, most notably the IFC Academy, Undergraduate Interfraternity Institute (UIFI), IMPACT, Futures Quest, Recruitment Program, Alumni Academy, and the Alcohol Summit. The purpose of the NIC is to promote service, scholarship, the opportunity for self-development, and brotherhood.

The IFC Academy is a one‐day, 14‐hour program, focusing participants on their role in developing high‐performing IFCs - specifically the role of the IFC in serving the needs of its member fraternities, and the role the NIC Standards play in supporting high performance. The program provides IFCs with benchmarks to measure your successes on campus, tools to assess how IFCs should be responding to the needs of its member chapters, and a renewed enthusiasm for advocating for the needs of the fraternity community on its campus.

The Undergraduate Interfraternity Institute (UIFI) is a five-day co-educational program that brings fraternity and sorority leaders together and teaches leadership skills, creates awareness of important issues, and calls on each graduate of the program to lead a change initiative within his/her fraternity/sorority community. The program, begun in 1990, has over 4600 graduates since its inception. In addition, over 120 fraternity/sorority advisors, staff, and volunteers participate each year as facilitators during the program. These facilitators support the work of the NIC staff by leading small group discussions that personalize the experience throughout the institute. St. Jude Children's Research Hospital has become an active partner in the UIFI curriculum by sponsoring the Service component of the curriculum.

IMPACT is a campus based weekend program that brings fraternity and sorority community leaders together to identify a strategy for change and/or improvement to the local fraternal experience. IMPACT is an acronym for Influence, Motivation, Purpose, Action, Commitment, and Trust. These are the five ideals that the curriculum of the program emphasizes. The campus leaders work together during the course of the weekend to identify what needs to change in order to ensure a bright future for the entire community. The staff of the NIC leads these programs throughout the year.

The Jon Williamson Futures Quest brings together the newest members of the fraternity community. In order to participate, these men will have joined a fraternity in the previous year. The curriculum of Futures Quest is designed to allow the participants to begin their fraternal journey in a very positive way and builds an awareness of the vast scope of the opportunities that are available to each of them. During the experience, these men will identify a personal action plan for what he wants to accomplish during his years in college and beyond. The participants leave the program with a feeling of confidence and their self-esteem is affirmed. This in turn positively influences the fraternities as these men assume the leadership positions.

The most important aspect of the fraternal experience may be the need to invite new members to join a fraternity each year. As a result, the NIC offers a program to its members that teaches participants new skills in recruitment and focuses on the positive aspects of membership. The Recruitment Program is one of the most important programs offered by the NIC. Not only does it ensure that membership in fraternities will continue, it also teaches vital skills that each participant can use beyond the fraternal experience. The program makes the direct statement, "If you want to recruit me, then you better have a plan." The goal of the program is that every participant has a plan of action for their recruitment goals.

Programs are offered for alumni members of fraternities as well. Vital to the success of the undergraduate chapters, is the importance of having chapter advisors and alumni mentors. The Alumni Academy is an opportunity for alumni members of fraternities to identify ways to serve the fraternity as a chapter advisor, house corporation member, and/or mentor. In addition, the alumni are re-educated about the purpose of fraternity in the lives of young men and the newer aspects of the fraternity experience in today's society. Finally, the academy forms a community from among the alumni boards that are on each campus. It brings together the alumni role models, getting them to solve campus issues while recognizing the effectiveness of teamwork.

The NIC is always seeking ways in which it may develop new initiatives to enhance the work of its member organizations. In 2000, the NIC received a $750,000 cooperative grant from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. This signaled the beginning of efforts to reach into the college community and have students determine the best course of action to take to deal with the number one issue on college campuses - alcohol. The Alcohol Summit is designed to bring together a coalition of students to discuss alcohol issues and create lasting outcomes to address the effects of alcohol and high risk drinking behaviors.

Members[edit]

Current Members[edit]

At one time, the National Interfraternity Conferences separated its members into those with Junior membership and those with Senior membership.

Fraternity Founding
Date
Active
Collegiate Groups
Collegiate
Charters Granted
Collegiate
Members
Total
Initiates
NIC History[9][n0 1] References
Acacia May 11, 1904 38 94 50,000 November 27, 1909-Founder [10]
Alpha Chi Rho June 4, 1895 41 93 30,500 November 27, 1909-Founder
Alpha Delta Gamma October 10, 1924 12 29 November 30, 1961 as Junior [11]
Alpha Delta Phi October 29, 1832 33 53 1,100 50,000 November 27, 1909-Founder
Alpha Epsilon Pi November 7, 1913 170 238 9,500 90,000 1921 as Junior
1930 as Senior
[12][13]
Alpha Gamma Rho April 4, 1908 72 65,000 1918
Alpha Gamma Sigma January 28, 1923 8 4,350 June 19, 1971
Alpha Kappa Lambda April 22, 1914 30 79 1930 as Junior
1954 as Senior
Alpha Phi Alpha December 4, 1906 354 414 175,000 2006 [14][15][16]
Alpha Phi Delta November 5, 1914 36 96 800 19,100 1926 as Junior
1930 as Senior
Alpha Sigma Phi December 6, 1845 152 207 5,800 85,000 November 27, 1909-Founder*
Alpha Tau Omega September 11, 1865 132 250 6,500 200,000 November 27, 1909-Founder [17][18]
Beta Chi Theta June 2, 1999 27 1,700 2006 [14]
Beta Sigma Psi April 17, 1925 10 25 1952 as Junior
1969 as Senior
Beta Theta Pi August 8, 1839 139 174 10,226 340,170 November 27, 1909-Founder [5]
Beta Upsilon Chi Spring 1985 35 42 September 22, 2016 [19]
Chi Phi December 24, 1824 58 113 60,000 November 27, 1909-Founder
Chi Psi May 29, 1841 31 November 27, 1909-Founder
Delta Chi October 13, 1890 137 6,400 118,000 1911 as Junior
1912 as Senior
[20]
Delta Kappa Epsilon June 22, 1844 54 80,000 November 27, 1909-Founder
Delta Lambda Phi October 15, 1986 30 April 11, 2013 [21]
Delta Phi November 27, 1827 15 November 27, 1909-Founder
Delta Psi January 17, 1847 10 1911
Delta Sigma Phi December 10, 1899 105 225 5,995 120,000 November 27, 1909 as Junior
1915 as Senior
[22]
Delta Tau Delta 1858 133 9,375 165,000 November 27, 1909-Founder [23]
Delta Upsilon November 4, 1834 84 151 110,000 November 27, 1909-Founder
FarmHouse April 15, 1905 33 42 1944 as Junior
1952 as Senior
Iota Nu Delta February 7, 1994 18 5 2007
Iota Phi Theta September 19, 1963 270 30,000 1985 [24]
Kappa Alpha Order December 21, 1865 129 7,500 160,000 November 27, 1909-Founder [25]
Kappa Alpha Psi 1911 350 150,000
Kappa Alpha Society November 26, 1825 9 15 November 27, 1909-Founder
Kappa Delta Phi April 18, 1900 14 31 1990
Kappa Delta Rho Spring 1905 36 75 1922 as Junior
1929 as Senior
Lambda Phi Epsilon February 25, 1981 33 48 September 8, 1990 [26]
Lambda Sigma Upsilon April 5, 1979 58 500 6,000 [27]
Lambda Theta Phi December 1, 1975 93 May 1992 [28]
Nu Alpha Kappa February 26, 1988 24 24 225 2300 [29]
Omega Delta Phi November 25, 1987 50
Phi Beta Sigma 1914 400 150,000 2008
Phi Gamma Delta April 22, 1848 155 9,000 178,108 November 27, 1909-Founder [30][31]
Phi Iota Alpha 1931 52 71
Phi Kappa Psi February 19, 1852 109 158 5,988 124,199 November 27, 1909-Founder [32]
Phi Kappa Sigma October 19, 1850 45 120 1,200+ 40,000+ November 27, 1909-Founder
Phi Kappa Tau March 17, 1906 93 152 4,500 96,000+ 1917
Phi Kappa Theta 1959 49 1916(?)
Withdrew 1971
Rejoined 1985
[33]
Phi Lambda Chi 1920 9 17 1964 as Junior
Phi Mu Delta March 1918 18 41 600 18,000 1923 as Junior
1930 as Senior
Phi Sigma Kappa March 15, 1873 84 3,000 115,000 November 27, 1909-Founder
Withdrew 2002
Returned 2006
[14][34][35]
Phi Sigma Phi 1988 9
Pi Kappa Alpha March 1, 1868 225 15,590 270,000 1910 [6][36]
Pi Kappa Phi December 10, 1904 176 231 9,759 116,806 1911 as Junior
1912 as Senior
[37]
Pi Lambda Phi March 21, 1895 45 120 1919
Psi Upsilon November 18, 1833 23 45 1962
Sigma Alpha Epsilon March 9, 1856 239 317 11,900 325,000 November 27, 1909-Founder [38][39][40]
Sigma Alpha Mu November 26, 1909 69 1915
Sigma Beta Rho 1996 41 April 15, 2007 [41]
Sigma Chi June 28, 1855 244 15,700 300,000 November 27, 1909-Founder [42]
Sigma Lambda Beta April 4, 1986 99 118 850 10,000 1992 [43]
Sigma Nu January 1, 1869 170 278 11,960 236,703 November 27, 1909-Founder [44][45][46]
Sigma Phi March 4, 1827 9 November 27, 1909-Founder
Sigma Phi Epsilon November 1901 230 15,286 312,000 November 27, 1909-Founder [47][48]
Sigma Pi February 26, 1897 120 216 5,100 101,000 1910 [49]
Sigma Tau Gamma 1920 84 165 2,800 80,000 1950 as Junior
Tau Delta Phi June 22, 1910 6 63 1922 as Junior
1928 as Senior
Tau Epsilon Phi October 19, 1910 30 46 1919
Tau Phi Sigma 1992 7 8
Theta Chi April 10, 1856 143 234 8,000 184,000 1912 [50]
Theta Delta Chi October 31, 1847 29 66 46,000 November 27, 1909-Founder
Theta Xi April 29, 1864 53 114 60,000 1911 [51][52]
Triangle April 15, 1907 32 45 1944
Zeta Beta Tau December 29, 1898 90 140,000 1912
Zeta Psi Spring 1847 53 87 20,000 November 27, 1909-Founder
  1. ^ Founder indicates at 1909 meeting and considered founder. Founder* indicates not at 1909 meeting, but considered Founder

Former members[edit]

Several of the historically large fraternities are no longer members of the NIC. In December 2002, Kappa Sigma (December 9), Phi Delta Theta (December 9),[53] and Phi Sigma Kappa, withdrew their membership in the NIC due to disagreements with the strategic direction of the organization. Phi Sigma Kappa rejoined the NIC in 2006.[54][55] On October 27, 2015, Lambda Chi Alpha resigned its membership, stating: "Unfortunately, the NIC has recently elected to pursue counterproductive tactics that we believe are antithetical to our values and we cannot support them."[56] On January 14, 2016, Tau Kappa Epsilon announced that it had resigned its membership effective immediately, citing an extreme increase in cost resulting from the NIC 2.0 initiative and the obligation to ensure every member dollar is spent wisely.[57] On January 24, 2017, Delta Epsilon Psi resigned to focus efforts on NAPA, National APIDA (Asian Pacific Islander Desi American), and the Panhellenic Association.

In addition, several fraternities in the NIC have merged with other members of the NIC and thus no longer have been counted as members.

Fraternity Founding
Date
Active
Collegiate Groups
Collegiate
Charters Granted
Collegiate
Members
Total
Initiates
NIC History[9][n 1] References
Alpha Kappa Pi
Merged with Alpha Sigma Phi
January 1, 1921 1931 as Junior
Merged with Alpha Sigma Phi on September 6, 1946
Alpha Lambda Tau
Partially absorbed by Tau Kappa Epsilon
1916 1928 as Junior
Beta Kappa
Merged with Theta Chi
October 15, 1901 1926 as Junior
1928 as Senior
Merged into Theta Chi on April 14, 1942
Beta Sigma Rho
Merged with Pi Lambda Phi
October 12, 1910 1947 as Junior
1955 as Senior
Merged into Pi Lambda Phi on December 12, 1972
[n 2]
Delta Alpha Pi
Merged with Phi Mu Delta
November 22, 1919 1927 as Junior
Merged with Phi Mu Delta on October 21, 1935
Delta Epsilon Psi 1998 36 3,000 Withdrew January 24, 2017 [58][59]
Delta Sigma Lambda
Merged with Theta Chi
September 9, 1921 1927 as Junior
Merged into Theta Chi on March 27, 1937
[60]
Kappa Nu
Merged with Phi Epsilon Pi
November 12, 1911 1920
Dropped from NIC in 1934[61]
Merged into Phi Epsilon Pi on October 14, 1961
[n 2]
Kappa Sigma December 10, 1869 320 412 20,670 282,000 November 27, 1909-Founder
Withdrew 2002
[62]
Lambda Chi Alpha November 2, 1909 194 322 11,000 280,000 1913
Withdrew October 27, 2015
Omicron Alpha Tau
Merged with Tau Delta Phi
Spring 1912 1928 as Junior
Merged with Tau Delta Phi in 1934
Phi Alpha
Merged with Phi Sigma Delta
October 14, 1914 1927 as Junior
1928 as Senior
Merged into Phi Sigma Delta in April 1959.
[n 2]
Phi Beta Delta
Merged with Pi Lambda Phi
April 5, 1912 1921 as Junior
1927 as Senior
Merged with Pi Lambda Phi on February 1, 1941
Phi Delta Theta December 26, 1848 190 260 12,000 260,000 November 27, 1909-Founder
Withdrew 2002
Phi Epsilon Pi
Merged with Zeta Beta Tau
November 23, 1904 Joined NIC in 1920 or 1921.[63]
Merged with Zeta Beta Tau in March 1970.
[n 2]
Phi Kappa
Merged to create Phi Kappa Theta
1889 1916
Merged to create Phi Kappa Theta on April 29, 1959
[n 2]
Phi Lambda Theta November 18, 1920 1929 as Junior
Defunct by 1939
Phi Pi Phi
Merged with Alpha Sigma Phi
November 15, 1915 1925 as Junior
1930 as Senior
Merged with Alpha Sigma Phi in 1939
Phi Sigma Delta
Merged with Zeta Beta Tau
November 10, 1909 1915
Merged into Zeta Beta Tau in 1969
[n 2]
Phi Sigma Epsilon
Merged with Phi Sigma Kappa
1910 1953 as Junior
1965 as Senior
Merged into Phi Sigma Kappa on August 14, 1985
[n 2]
Sigma Delta Rho January 8, 1921 1930 as Junior
Disintegrated in Spring 1935
Sigma Lambda Pi April 1915 1925 as Junior
Disintegrated by 1932, majority of chapters joining Phi Epsilon Pi
Sigma Mu Sigma
Merged with Tau Kappa Epsilon
Spring 1921 1928 as Junior
Merged with Tau Kappa Epsilon in 1934/1935, later revived.
Sigma Phi Delta 1924 2006[14]
Sigma Tau Phi
Merged with Alpha Epsilon Pi
1918 1930 as Junior
Merged with Alpha Epsilon Pi in March 1947
Tau Kappa Epsilon February 1, 1899 243 481 11,427 268,000 1915
Withdrew January 14, 2016
[64]
Theta Kappa Nu
Merged with Lambda Chi Alpha
June 9, 1924 1925 as Junior
1928 as Senior
Merged with Lambda Chi Alpha in 1939
Theta Kappa Phi
Merged to create Phi Kappa Theta
October 1, 1919 1924 as Junior
1946 as Senior
Merged to create Phi Kappa Theta on April 29, 1959
[n 2]
Theta Upsilon Omega
Merged with Sigma Phi Epsilon.
December 1, 1923 1924 as Junior
1928 as Senior
Merged into Sigma Phi Epsilon on April 23, 1938
  1. ^ Founder indicates at 1909 meeting and considered founder.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Present in Baird's Manual of American College Fraternities 1957 edition, not currently in NIC.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e About NIC | North-American Interfraternity Conference - advocating and assisting the fraternity experience
  2. ^ North-American Interfraternity Conference Constitution — Article IV. House of Delegates and V. Board of Directors Archived 2002-08-15 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ "Constitution of the North-American Interfraternity Conference (Revised April 23, 2012). ARTICLE II. Purpose". NIC. North-American Interfraternity Conference, Inc. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  4. ^ By-Laws of the North-American Interfraternity Conference.
  5. ^ a b ""The State of the Fraternity," The Beta Theta Pi, Summer 2018". Retrieved July 2, 2018. 
  6. ^ a b "A Look Back At the Past Year". January 2011. Retrieved 2017-04-25. 
  7. ^ http://www.sae.net/factsandfigures
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-03-10. Retrieved 2015-03-13. 
  9. ^ a b Baird's Manual of American College Fraternities - 1963. p 34
  10. ^ "ACACIA FRATERNITY COMMEMORATES OUR 50,000TH INITIATION". 
  11. ^ History of Alpha Delta Gamma
  12. ^ "Alpha Epsilon Pi Chapter Roll". Archived from the original on 2007-06-16. Retrieved 2010-08-17. 
  13. ^ "About Alpha Epsilon Pi". Archived from the original on 2008-04-28. Retrieved 2008-05-29. 
  14. ^ a b c d "The Beta Theta Phi". Summer 2006. 
  15. ^ "Alpha Phi Alpha Chapters". Archived from the original on 2009-08-17. Retrieved 2015-03-15. 
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-04-02. Retrieved 2015-03-13. 
  17. ^ "Alpha Tau Omega - Active Chapters By State". Archived from the original on 2006-04-26. Retrieved 2006-05-23. 
  18. ^ "Alpha Tau Omega - Tau Facts & Firsts". Archived from the original on 2008-05-24. Retrieved 2008-07-20. 
  19. ^ BETA UPSILON CHI JOINS THE NORTH-AMERICAN INTERFRATERNITY CONFERENCE
  20. ^ Delta Chi facts Archived 2007-08-11 at the Wayback Machine.
  21. ^ Delta Lambda Phi joins the NIC
  22. ^ "Delta Sigma Phi - Fall 2014 Carnation". Retrieved 2015-03-15. 
  23. ^ "2014 Annual Report" (PDF). Retrieved 2015-03-15. 
  24. ^ IOTA JOINS THE NPHC
  25. ^ "Kappa Alpha Order's statement regarding revised Fraternity Operating Agreement" (PDF). Retrieved 2015-03-12. 
  26. ^ Lambda Phi Epsilon - About
  27. ^ Lambda Sigma Upsilon | Home
  28. ^ Our History | Lambda Theta Phi Latin Fraternity, Inc.
  29. ^ Nu Alpha Kappa | Home
  30. ^ "FIJI Facts". Retrieved 2015-03-01. 
  31. ^ The Phi Gamma Delta. Fall 2014. p2
  32. ^ http://www.phikappapsi.com/about/whoweare/bythenumbers
  33. ^ The Journey of Phi Kappa Theta
  34. ^ "PSK - FAQs - PSK". Retrieved 2008-05-30. 
  35. ^ "PSK - FAQs - PSK". Retrieved 2008-07-22. 
  36. ^ "Update to Pi Kappa Alpha Chapter Services". Retrieved 2015-02-28. 
  37. ^ "State of the Fraternity". Retrieved 2015-02-28. 
  38. ^ "155 Founder's Day Announcement". 155 2011 Founder's Day Announcement. 
  39. ^ Story 7 - Sigma Alpha Epsilon
  40. ^ "Sigma Alpha Epsilon- Facts and Figures". Retrieved 2015-03-01. 
  41. ^ "Sigma Beta Rho today". Archived from the original on February 6, 2011. 
  42. ^ "Sigma Chi Press Release". Retrieved 2015-03-01. 
  43. ^ SLB FACTS | Fiu Betas
  44. ^ "About Sigma Nu Fraternity" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-02-19. Retrieved 2015-03-01. 
  45. ^ "General Information About Sigma Nu". Retrieved 2009-03-17. 
  46. ^ "State of the Fraternity Report". Retrieved 2010-10-02. 
  47. ^ "Sigma Phi Epsilon Fraternity - 2014 Annual Report". Retrieved 2015-03-01. 
  48. ^ "SigEp learns that Clemson will support fraternity's decision to suspend" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-02-07. Retrieved 2015-03-01. 
  49. ^ "Sigma Pi Website - News". Retrieved 2015-03-15. 
  50. ^ "Theta Chi Fraternity - About Us". Archived from the original on 2015-03-06. Retrieved 2015-03-01. 
  51. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-04-13. Retrieved 2009-03-18. 
  52. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-02-15. Retrieved 2009-03-18. 
  53. ^ http://www.greekchat.com/gcforums/showthread.php?t=27250.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  54. ^ Why did Kappa Sigma withdraw from the NIC?
  55. ^ IFC website Archived 2009-02-07 at the Wayback Machine.
  56. ^ "Lambda Chi Alpha Resigns Its Membership". Retrieved 2015-10-27. 
  57. ^ http://www.tke.org/news/2016/01/14/tau-kappa-epsilon-resigns-membership-in-nic
  58. ^ "Delta Epsilon Psi". Delta Epsilon Psi. 
  59. ^ January 24,2017 announcement on official Delta Epsilon Psi Wikipedia page
  60. ^ Delta Sigma Lambda-Theta Chi · University of Montana · Archives & Special Collections - Maureen and Mike Mansfield Library
  61. ^ Marianne Rachel Sanua (2003). Going Greek: Jewish College Fraternities in the United States, 1895-1945. Wayne State University Press. p. 177. ISBN 0-8143-2857-1. 
  62. ^ "Record Breaking Year for Kappa Sigma". The Caduceus. Summer/Fall 2016. pp. 27–33
  63. ^ Guide to the Phi Epsilon Pi Fraternity Records, 1912-1969
  64. ^ "2015–16 Fraternal Service Report". The Teke. Fall 2016. pp. 18–99

Further reading[edit]

  • A Diamond Jubilee History of The National Interfraternity Conference: 75 Glorious Years by Jack L. Anson, 1984

External links[edit]