North-East Democratic Alliance

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North-East Democratic Alliance
ChairpersonAmit Shah
Lok Sabha leaderNarendra Modi
Rajya Sabha leaderThawar Chand Gehlot
FounderBharatiya Janata Party
Political positionMajority: Centre-right to Right-wing
National convenerHimanta Biswa Sarma

The North-East Democratic Alliance or NEDA is a political coalition that was formed on May 24, 2016 by Bharatiya Janata Party along with regional political parties of North East India like Naga People's Front, Sikkim Democratic Front, People's Party of Arunachal, Asom Gana Parishad and Bodoland People's Front in Northeast India.[1] The motive of the new political front was to protect the interest of the people of the region as well as uniting non-Congress parties in Northeast India. Himanta Biswa Sarma was appointed as the convenor of the front.[2][3][4][5][6][7]


The alliance was established after Bharatiya Janata Party led National Democratic Alliance which includes parties like Asom Gana Parishad and Bodoland People's Front formed its first government in Assam. The Chief Ministers of the northeastern states of Sikkim, Pawan Kumar Chamling; Assam, Sarbananda Sonowal; Arunachal Pradesh, Kalikho Pul and Nagaland, T. R. Zeliang were the founding members of the alliance. BJP President Amit Shah chaired the meeting which was also attended by BJP General Secretary Ram Madhav and BJP North East Zonal Organizing Secretary Ajay Jamwal.[8] The alliance suffered a big setback in Arunachal Pradesh when their 30 MLAs defected back to Indian National Congress.

On 16 September 2016, 43 MLAs from the ruling party, under the CM Pema Khandu, left Indian National Congress to join People's Party of Arunachal party, in alliance with Bharatiya Janata Party. Though Pema Khandu is still the Chief minister, it is soon expected that either a coalition government will be formed with BJP as the speaker of assembly has also changed sides with the CM, or that the Indian Government will dissolve the state assembly for a fresh general elections.[9]

In October 2016, People's Party of Arunachal formally joined hands with Bharatiya Janata Party making Arunachal Pradesh 15th state to have BJP led NDA in Power,[10] and with this new coalition, Tamiyo Taga sworn-in as Cabinet minister of Arunachal Pradesh.[11]

On December 21, 2016, Khandu was suspended from the party by the party president and Takam Pario was named as the next likely Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh replacing Khandu after People's Party of Arunachal suspended Khandu along with 6 other MLAs.[12][13][14]

On December, 2016, Khandu proved majority on the floor with 33 of the People's Party of Arunachal’s 43 legislators joining the Bharatiya Janata Party as the BJP party increased its strength to 45 and it has the support of two independents. He became second Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh of Bharatiya Janata Party in Arunachal Pradesh after 44 days lead Gegong Apang government in 2003.[15][16]

In March 2017,Nongthombam Biren Singh is the leader of Bharatiya Janata Party was sworn in the Chief Ministers of Manipur in March 15, 2017. Here is the list of the ministers of his ministry.[17][18][19][20] The Bharatiya Janata Party allied with National People's Party, Naga People's Front, Lok Janshakti Party and others it was the first time that BJP formed government in Manipur though INC emerged as the single largest party.

In 2018,The BJP and the ruling Nagaland People's Front dissolved their electoral alliance prior to the election. The BJP instead chose to form an alliance with the newly formed Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party, led by former CM Neiphiu Rio.[21][22]Lok Sabha MP and former Chief Minister Neiphiu Rio of the Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party was declared elected uncontested in the Northern Angami II constituency after no other candidate was nominated against him.[23]

In March 2018, The National People's Party came second behind Indian National Congress by winning 19 seats in the 2018 Meghalaya legislative assembly election.[24] Conrad Sangma staked claim to form government with a letter of support from the 34 MLA, that included 19 from NPP, 6 from United Democratic Party, 4 from People's Democratic Front, two each from Hill State People's Democratic Party and Bharatiya Janata Party, and an independent.[25][26]

In March 2018, Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party came second behind Nagaland People's Front by winning 16 seats in the 2018 Nagaland legislative assembly election. Neiphiu Rio staked claim to form government with a letter of support from the 32 MLA, that included 17 from NDPP, 12 from Bharatiya Janata Party, 1 from Janata Dal (United) and an independent.[27][28]

In March 2018, Bharatiya Janata Party won the 2018 Tripura legislative assembly election 35 seats. Its ally Indigenous Peoples Front of Tripura won 8 of 9 seats which they contested. The alliance defeated Communist Party of India (Marxist) who was ruling since 1993.[29][30]


Parties in and supporting the NEDA are:

Party Lok Sabha MPs Rajya Sabha MPs Base State Joining Date
Bharatiya Janata Party 14[a] 2[a] National 2016
Asom Gana Parishad 0 1 Assam 2016
Bodoland People's Front 0 1 Assam 2016
Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party 1 0 Nagaland 2018
National People's Party 1 0 National 2018
Indigenous People's Front of Tripura 0 0 Tripura 2018
Mizo National Front 1 0 Mizoram 2018
Sikkim Krantikari Morcha 1 0 Sikkim 2019

NEDA/BJP coalition Chief Ministers[edit]

State Govt Since Chief Minister CM's Party CM Since Alliance Partner Seats in Assembly
Assam 24 May 2016 Sarbananda Sonowal BJP 24 May 2016 AGP, BPF 88/126
Arunachal Pradesh 16 September 2016 Pema Khandu BJP 16 September 2016 JD(U), NPP 55/60
Manipur 15 March 2017 N. Biren Singh BJP 15 March 2017 NPP, LJP 37/60
Nagaland 7 March 2008 Neiphiu Rio NDPP 7 March 2018 BJP, JD(U) 34/60
Meghalaya 8 March 2018 Conrad Sangma NPP 8 March 2018 UDP, PDF, HSPDP, BJP 38/60
Tripura 6 March 2018 Biplab Kumar Deb BJP 6 March 2018 IPFT 43/60
Mizoram 15 December 2018 Zoramthanga MNF 15 December 2018 BJP 27/40
Sikkim 23 May 2019 Prem Singh Tamang SKM 23 May 2019 None 17/32

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b The Bharatiya Janata Party has numerous other MPs elsewhere in India, but the figure specified here refers to the number of BJP MPs representing constituencies in North-East India.


  1. ^ "Sikkim CM wants BJP chief to step in".
  2. ^ Himanta Biswa Sarma Named Convener Of BJP's Northeast Alliance
  3. ^ Amit Shah holds meeting with northeast CMs, forms alliance
  4. ^ BJP acts east, brass joins the Assam party
  5. ^ "Former Gogoi close aide Himanta Biswa Sarma named convener of NDA's northeast alliance | Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis". dna. 2016-05-24. Retrieved 2016-05-24.
  6. ^ Chief Minister of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland and Sikkim met BJP National President Shri Amit Shah and proposed to join an alliance of non-congress parties in North-East
  7. ^ BJP launches Northeast alliance, ousted CM Kalikho Pul meets Shah
  8. ^ After Assam, BJP targets Congress-ruled Manipur and Meghalaya
  9. ^ Congress loses Arunachal two months after it got it, 43 of 44 MLAs defect
  10. ^ ANI (2016-10-14). "Tamiyo Taga sworn-in as Cabinet minister of Arunachal Pradesh". Business Standard India. Retrieved 2016-10-14.
  11. ^ ANI (2016-10-14). "Tamiyo Taga sworn-in as Cabinet minister of Arunachal Pradesh". Business Standard India. Retrieved 2016-10-14.
  12. ^ After Pema Khandu's suspension, Takam Pario to be new Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh, PPA Chairman says
  13. ^ Takam Pario likely to be Arunachal CM in 2017 after PPA suspendsKhandu
  14. ^ Takam Pario, the richest Arunachal MLA, may replace Pema Khandu as CM
  15. ^ Khandu wins musical chairs game for BJP
  16. ^ Shifting to BJP, Pema Khandu drops 3 ministers, 2 advisors, 5 parliamentary secretaries
  17. ^ Full list of ministers and their portfolios in Manipur
  18. ^ BJP names N Biren Singh as chief minister candidate for Manipur
  19. ^ Biren Singh sworn-in as Manipur CM
  20. ^ Manipur gets its first BJP govt as Biren Singh takes oath along with 8 ministers
  21. ^
  22. ^
  23. ^ "The list of all contesting candidates for 13th Nagaland Legislative Assembly Election". The Naga Republic. Retrieved 19 February 2018.
  24. ^ "Hung Assembly in Meghalaya, Congress single largest party". The Hindu. 3 March 2018. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  25. ^ "Meghalaya assembly elections 2018: NPP-led alliance all set to form govt". Mint. 5 March 2018. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  26. ^ "Congress outsmarted in Meghalaya, Conrad Sangma to be sworn in March 6". The Hindu. Press Trust of India. 4 March 2018. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  27. ^ "Neiphiu Rio stakes claim to form government, incumbent hangs on". Indian Express. Indian Express. 5 March 2018. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  28. ^ "Who is Neiphiu Rio?". Indian Express. Indian Express. 5 March 2018. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  29. ^ "No mean victory". Indian Express. Indian Express. 5 March 2018. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  30. ^ "Left Front's worst poll-show in state". Indian Express. Indian Express. 5 March 2018. Retrieved 5 March 2018.

External links[edit]