North-West Europe campaign of 1944–45

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North-West Europe 1944–1945 is a battle honour earned by regiments of the British Commonwealth forces during the Second World War that took part in the actions of the northern part of the war's Western Front. The battle honour North-West Europe is suffixed with the year, or years, in which the awarded unit took part in the action.[1]

It refers to the land campaign starting with the landings in Normandy and ended with Field Marshal Montgomery taking the German military surrender of all German forces in the Netherlands, Northwest Germany and Denmark on Lüneburg Heath in Northwest Germany. The campaign was conducted by Supreme Headquarters, Allied Expeditionary Force, of which the British 21st Army Group was a component, along with the American 12th and 6th Army Groups. Together, the three army groups comprised the Allied effort on the Western Front which at its longest stretched from the North Sea to Switzerland.

The battle honours for the Second World War were not awarded until 1957/58 by which point some units had amalgamated or been disbanded.

List of units[edit]

The following units were awarded the battle honour,

Canadian regiments[edit]

US-Canadian forces[edit]

British regiments[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn North-West Europe, canadiansoldiers.com, retrieved and archived 29 June 2019.
  2. ^ Battle Honours, Honourable Artillery Company, accessed and archived 29 June 2019.
  3. ^ a b Battle Honours, Lancashire Infantry Museum, accessed and archived 30 June 2019.
  • Baker, Anthony Battle Honours of the British and Commonwealth Armies 1986. Ian Allen Publishing 978-0711016002