North American 3 Hockey League
|Current season, competition or edition:|
|No. of teams||36|
|Metro Jets (2018)|
The North American 3 Hockey League (NA3HL) is an American Tier III junior ice hockey league that consists of teams from Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Louisiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, New Jersey, New York, Tennessee, Texas, Wisconsin, and Wyoming. Sanctioned by USA Hockey, for most of the league's existence, the winner of the NA3HL playoffs would advance to play for the Tier III National Championship, however, this has not been held since 2015.
Originally formed in the early 1970s as a Junior B-level league known as the Central States Hockey League (CSHL), the league evolved into the Metro Detroit Junior Hockey League in the early 1980s. The CSHL name was used again from 1994 until 2010. The league was reclassified from Tier III Junior B to Tier III Junior A in the summer of 2007 by USA Hockey.
During the 2008–09 season, it was announced that the Pittsburgh Jr. Penguins would join the CSHL for the 2009–10 season, bringing the number of teams to 13. The league returned to 12 teams for 2010–11, as the Dubuque Thunderbirds franchise folded to make way for the return of the Dubuque Fighting Saints in the United States Hockey League.
On November 1, 2010, it was announced that the North American Hockey League would take control of the CSHL. The NAHL-CSHL affiliation allows for a more structured Junior hockey system to provide athletes with more opportunities to advance to college and pro hockey. At the time of the take over the league was renamed to the North American 3 Hockey League (NA3HL).
In May 2011, it was announced that the Granite City Lumberjacks, Minnesota Flying Aces, North Iowa Bulls and the Twin City Steel would join the league beginning with the 2011–12 season bringing the total number of teams in the NA3HL to 16.
In March 2013, the NA3HL announced that its Board of Governors has accepted the membership application for the Chicago Jr. Bulldogs, which began play in the NA3HL during the 2013–14 season. Owned by Ken Kestas, the Bulldogs played home games out of Canlan Ice Sports in Romeoville, Illinois.
In May 2014, the Flint Jr. Generals were purchased and relocated to La Crosse, Wisconsin, and renamed the La Crosse Freeze. The NA3HL announced that the Texas Jr. Brahmas would transfer from the Western States Hockey League and join the South Division. The expansion Nashville Junior Predators and Point Mallard Ducks (Decatur, AL) also joined the South Division bringing its total up to six teams. The American West Hockey League moved to the NA3HL to form new Frontier Division. The Battle Creek Revolution announced it was re-branding as the West Michigan Wolves. The Michigan Mountain Cats were sold and relocated to Jamestown, NY, and called the Southern Tier Xpress.
In April 2015, the NA3HL announced an expansion team in Evansville, Indiana, called the Thunderbolts, to play in the South Division beginning in the 2015–16 season. On May 21–22 of 2015, two additional expansion teams were announced: Rochester Ice Hawks, a member of the former Minnesota Junior Hockey League, was added the West Division, and the Louisiana Drillers playing out of Lafayette, Louisiana was added to the South Division.
On March 4, 2016, it was formally announced that the North American Hockey League's other Tier III league, the North American 3 Eastern Hockey League (NA3EHL), would be added to the NA3HL beginning with the 2016–17 season. The former NA3EHL teams became two new divisions within the NA3HL. On May 21, 2016, the Missoula Bruins youth hockey organization from Missoula, Montana, announced it had been approved as an expansion team in the Frontier Division of the NA3HL. The Missoula Junior Bruins replaced the Missoula Maulers of the Western States Hockey League after arena negotiations with the Maulers' owner fell through.
Prior to the 2017–18 season, the Lockport Express relocated to become the Niagara Falls PowerHawks, the Syracuse Stampede relocated to become the Oswego Stampede, and the West Michigan Wolves relocated to become the Lansing Wolves. The Chicago Jr. Bulldogs, Euless Jr. Stars, and L/A Fighting Spirit franchises were sold; the Bulldogs were relocated as the Wausau RiverWolves, the Jr. Stars re-branded as the Mid-Cities Jr. Stars, and the Fighting Spirit re-branded as the Lewiston/Auburn Nordiques. The Cincinnati Thunder, which had already been playing out of Dayton, re-branded as the Dayton Falcons. The Butte Cobras, formerly of the Western States Hockey League, purchased the Glacier Nationals franchise in order to join the NA3HL. The schedule was set with 47 teams, however, the Butte Cobras and Billings Bulls would both fold prior to playing a game, while the Dayton Falcons, Nashville Junior Predators, and Jersey Shore Wildcats were also removed from the schedules during the season.
In April 2018, the NA3HL announced the entire East Division had left the league including the reigning champions, the Metro Jets. The Butte Cobras were also announced as returning and the Point Mallard Ducks were purchased and relocated to become the Milwaukee Power.
Many prominent college and pro hockey players have played in the CSHL at one point in their careers, including 2007 Hobey Baker finalist Eric Ehn (Metro Jets), St. Louis Blues forward and 2010 and 2014 U.S. Olympian Paul Stastny (St. Louis Jr. Blues) and Chris Butler (St. Louis Jr. Blues), now in the St. Louis Blues' organization.
|Central||Coulee Region Chill||La Crosse, Wisconsin||Green Island Ice Arena||1998*|
|Evansville Jr. Thunderbolts||Evansville, Indiana||Swonder Ice Arena||2015|
|Milwaukee Power||Milwaukee, Wisconsin||Wilson Ice Arena||2014*|
|Peoria Mustangs||Peoria, Illinois||Owens Center||2000|
|St. Louis Jr. Blues||Affton, Missouri||Affton Ice Rink||1978||1987|
|Wausau RiverWolves||Wausau, Wisconsin||Marathon County Arena||2013||2017*|
|Wisconsin Whalers||Oregon, Wisconsin||Oregon Ice Arena||2004*|
|Coastal||Cape Cod Islanders||Falmouth, Massachusetts||Falmouth Ice Center||2008||2016|
|Lewiston/Auburn Nordiques||Lewiston-Auburn, Maine||Androscoggin Bank Colisee||2012*||2016|
|Long Beach Sharks||Long Beach, New York||Long Beach Ice Arena||2010||2016*|
|Maine Wild||Biddeford, Maine||Biddeford Arena||2013||2016|
|New England Stars||Tyngsboro, Massachusetts||Skate 3 Arena||2008||2016|
|Northeast Generals||Canton, Massachusetts||Canton Sportsplex||2015||2016|
|Frontier||Bozeman Icedogs||Bozeman, Montana||Haynes Pavilion||1996||2014|
|Butte Cobras||Butte, Montana||Butte Community Ice Center||2011||2014*|
|Gillette Wild||Gillette, Wyoming||Campbell County Ice Arena||2011||2014|
|Great Falls Americans||Great Falls, Montana||Great Falls Ice Plex||2011||2014|
|Helena Bighorns||Helena, Montana||Helena Ice Arena||2004||2014|
|Missoula Junior Bruins||Missoula, Montana||Glacier Ice Rink||2016|
|Yellowstone Quake||Cody, Wyoming||Victor J. Riley Arena||2001||2014|
|Northeast||Binghamton Jr. Senators||Binghamton, New York||Ice House Sports Complex||2013||2016*|
|Niagara Falls PowerHawks||Niagara Falls, New York||Hyde Park Arena||2014||2016*|
|Oswego Stampede||Oswego, New York||Anthony J Crisafulli Memorial Skating Rink||2011||2016*|
|Skylands Kings||Stockholm, New Jersey||Skylands Ice World||2015||2016|
|South||Atlanta Capitals||Sandy Springs, Georgia||Center Ice Arena||2013*|
|College Station Spirit||College Station, Texas||Spirit Ice Arena||2013*|
|Louisiana Drillers||Lafayette, Louisiana||Planet Ice Skating and Hockey Arena||2015|
|Mid-Cities Junior Stars||Euless, Texas||Dr. Pepper StarCenter||2013|
|Texas Jr. Brahmas||North Richland Hills, Texas||NYTEX Sports Centre||2010||2014|
|West||Alexandria Blizzard||Alexandria, Minnesota||Runestone Community Center||2012|
|Breezy Point North Stars||Breezy Point, Minnesota||Breezy Point Hockey Center||2012|
|Granite City Lumberjacks||Sauk Rapids, Minnesota||Rhino Deck Arena East||2007||2011|
|New Ulm Steel||New Ulm, Minnesota||New Ulm Civic Center||2011*|
|North Iowa Bulls||Mason City, Iowa||North Iowa Ice Arena||2011|
|Rochester Grizzlies||Rochester, Minnesota||Rochester Recreation Center||1996||2015|
|Willmar WarHawks||Willmar, Minnesota||Willmar Civic Center||2007||2011*|
Note: An asterisk (*) donates a franchise move. See respective team articles for more information.
The league championship trophy is the Fraser Cup. It was originally called the Hurster Cup during the league's time as the Central States Hockey League. In 2012, the cup was then renamed to the Silver Cup. In 2017, the league again renamed the championship to the Fraser Cup after long-time NAHL, NA3HL, and NAPHL Director of Hockey Administration, Robert ‘Fraser’ Ritchie. The winner of the Cup typically receives a bid to compete in the USA Hockey Tier III junior hockey National Championship Tournament, however, the tournament has not been held since 2015.
|Season||Playoffs winner||Tier III Nationals results|
|Tier III Tournament||Top qualifier results||Runner Up qualifier results|
|1988||St. Louis Jr. Blues||Jr. B|
|1989||Lytes Rustlers||Jr. B|
|1990||Metro Jets||Jr. B|
|1991||Wayne Chiefs||Jr. B|
|1992||Downriver Blades||Jr. B|
|1993||Wayne Chiefs||Jr. B|
|1994||St. Louis Jr. Blues||Jr. B|
|1995||Toledo Cherokee||Jr. B|
|1996||Motor City Chiefs||Jr. B|
|1997||Toledo Cherokee||Jr. B|
|1998||Motor City Chiefs||Jr. B||Toledo Cherokee won Tier III Jr. National Championship|
|1999||Toledo Cherokee||Jr. B|
|2000||St. Louis Jr. Blues||Jr. B|
|2001||Metro Jets||Jr. B|
|2002||Metro Jets||Jr. B||Metro Jets won Tier III Jr. B National Championship|
|2003||St. Louis Jr. Blues||Jr. B||St. Louis Jr. Blues lost Championship game to Phoenix Polar Bears|
|2004||St. Louis Jr. Blues||Jr. B||St. Louis Jr. Blues won Tier III Jr. B National Championship|
|2005||St. Louis Jr. Blues||Jr. B||St. Louis Jr. Blues won Tier III Jr. B National Championship|
|2006||St. Louis Jr. Blues||Jr. B||St. Louis Jr. Blues
3-0-0 in Round Robin, 1st of 4, Pool I
Won Semifinal (6-2 vs. Twin Cities Northern Lights)
Tier III Jr. B National Champions (5-4 vs. Toledo Cherokee)
3-0-0 in Round Robin, 1st of 4, Pool III
Won Semifinal (3-2 vs. Minnesota Ice Hawks)
Lost Championship game (4-5 vs. St. Louis Jr. Blues)
|2007||Dubuque Thunderbirds||Jr. B||Dubuque Thunderbirds
2-1-0 in Round Robin, 1st of 4, Pool II
Lost Semifinal (0-3 vs. New Hampshire Jr. Monarchs)
|St. Louis Jr. Blues|
2-1-0 in Round Robin, 2nd of 4, Pool I
Won Semifinal (6-1 vs. Suffolk PAL)
Tier III Jr. B National Champions (4-0 vs. New Hampshire Jr. Monarchs)
|2008||Dubuque Thunderbirds||Jr. A||Dubuque Thunderbirds
Eliminated 0-2-1 in Round Robin, 3rd of 4, Pool III
|Cleveland Jr. Lumberjacks|
Eliminated 0-3-0 in Round Robin, 4th of 4, Pool II
|2009||Dubuque Thunderbirds||Jr. A||Dubuque Thunderbirds
2-0-1 in Round Robin, 1st of 4, Pool II
Lost Semifinal (1-5 vs. New Jersey Hitmen)
|St. Louis Jr. Blues|
Eliminated 0-2-1 in Round Robin, 3rd of 4, Pool III
|2010||St. Louis Jr. Blues||Jr. A||St. Louis Jr. Blues
2-1-0 in Round Robin, 1st of 4, Pool III
Won Semifinal (2-1 vs. New Hampshire Jr. Monarchs)
Tier III Jr. A National Champions (4-3 vs. South Shore Kings)
Eliminated 2-1-0 in Round Robin, 2nd of 4, Pool I
|2011||Chicago Hitmen||Jr. A||Chicago Hitmen
Eliminated 0-2-1 in Round Robin, 4th of 4, Pool II
|St. Louis Jr. Blues|
Eliminated 2-1-0 in Round Robin, 2nd of 4, Pool I
|2012||Granite City Lumberjacks||Tier III||No representatives sent to tournament|
|2013||North Iowa Bulls||Tier III||North Iowa Bulls
3-0-0 in Round Robin, 1st of 4, American Div.
Won Semifinal (3-2 vs. Helena Bighorns)
Tier III National Champions (6-2 vs. Twin Cities Northern Lights)
|No runner up teams in tournament for 2013|
|2014||North Iowa Bulls||Tier III||North Iowa Bulls
3-0-0 in Round Robin, 1st of 4, Pool C
Won Semifinal (5-1 vs. Northern Cyclones)
Lost Championship (1-4 vs. Boston Jr. Bruins)
|Flint Jr. Generals|
Eliminated 2-1-0 in Round Robin, 3rd of 4, Pool B
|2015||Granite City Lumberjacks||Division 1||Granite City Lumberjacks
Eliminated 2-1-0 in Round Robin, 3rd of 4
|North Iowa Bulls|
2-1-0 in Round Robin, 2nd of 4
Tier III National Champions (2-1 vs. Northern Cyclones)
|2016||North Iowa Bulls||Tier III Nationals not held in 2016|
|2017||Granite City Lumberjacks||Tier III Nationals not held in 2017|
|2018||Metro Jets||Tier III Nationals not held in 2018|
- Battle Creek Jr. Revolution (Battle Creek, Michigan; 2010–14). Joined as an expansion team in 2010 after initially planning on joining the Northern Junior Hockey League. Renamed West Michigan Wolves in 2014.
- Billings Bulls (Billings, Montana; 2014–17). Joined from the American West Hockey League; ceased operations at the start of the 2017–18 season due to lack of players.
- Butte Cobras (Butte, Montana). Organization joined from the Western States Hockey League after purchasing the Glacier Nationals NA3HL franchise in 2017. The Cobras would fail to play a game and ceased operations during the opening weekend of the 2017–18 season due to lack of players. Has been announced to return to the NA3HL for the 2018–19 season.
- Chicago Force (Rolling Meadows, Illinois; 2004–10). Organization obtained a Tier II North American Hockey League franchise and named it the Chicago Hitmen. The organization would also rename its Tier III CSHL franchise to match.
- Chicago Hitmen (Rolling Meadows, Illinois; 2010–12). Organization ceased operations of both their Tier II and Tier III franchises prior to the 2012–13 season.
- Chicago Jr. Bulldogs (Romeoville, Illinois; 2013–17). Franchise was sold and re-located to Wausau, Wisconsin, as the Wausau RiverWolves following the 2016–17 season.
- Cincinnati Cobras (Cincinnati, Ohio; 1999–2006). Renamed Cincinnati Jr. Cyclones.
- Cincinnati Jr. Cyclones (Cincinnati, Ohio; 2006–07). Folded and replaced by Queen City Steam.
- Cincinnati Swords (Cincinnati, Ohio; 2013–15). Renamed Cincinnati Thunder in 2015.
- Cincinnati Thunder (Cincinnati, Ohio, for 2015–16; Centerville, Ohio, for 2016–17). Renamed to Dayton Falcons when the team remained in the Dayton suburb of Centerville instead of returning to Cincinnati after the 2016–17 season.
- Cleveland Jr. Lumberjacks (Strongsville, Ohio; 2004–15). Franchise purchased by the Wooster Oilers.
- Columbus Crush (Columbus, Ohio; 1998–2003). Became Columbus Stars.
- Columbus Jr. "B" Blue Jackets (Columbus, Ohio; 2004–07)
- Columbus Stars (Columbus, Ohio; 2003–04). Became Jr. "B" Blue Jackets.
- Dayton Falcons (Centerville, Ohio; 2017). Folded after 12 games into the 2017–18 season.
- Dubuque Thunderbirds (Dubuque, Iowa; 2006–10). Joined from the Minnesota Junior Hockey League. Ceased operations after they were replaced by a Tier I United States Hockey League team, the Dubuque Fighting Saints.
- East Coast Minutemen (Salem, New Hampshire; 2016–17). Franchise joined from the NA3EHL in 2016; folded in 2017.
- Dallas Jr. Stars (Euless, Texas; 2013–15). Renamed to Euless Junior Stars in 2015 by new owners.
- Euless Junior Stars (Euless, Texas; 2015–17). Renamed to Mid-Cities Junior Stars in 2017 by new owners.
- Flint Jr. Generals (Clayton Township, Michigan; 1998–2014). Sold and relocated to La Crosse, Wisconsin, and became the La Crosse Freeze.
- Glacier Nationals (Havre, Montana; 2014–17). Joined from the American West Hockey League in 2014. Purchased and relocated to Butte, Montana, as the Butte Cobras, an organization that left the Western States Hockey League in 2017.
- Grand Rapids Owls (Byron Center, Michigan; 1993–2010). Suspended operations prior to the start of the 2010–11 season.
- Jersey Shore Wildcats (Wall Township, New Jersey; 2016–17). Franchise joined from the NA3EHL in 2016; played the first 22 games into the 2017–18 season before being removed from the league.
- L/A Fighting Spirit (Lewiston, Maine; 2016–17). Franchise joined from the NA3EHL in 2016. Sold and renamed Lewiston/Auburn Nordiques after one season.
- Lansing Wolves (Dimondale, Michigan; 2017–18). Was previous known as the West Michigan Wolves. Left the NA3HL along with the entire East Division in 2018 to join the United States Premier Hockey League.
- Lockport Express (Lockport, New York; 2016–17). Franchise joined from the NA3EHL in 2016. Relocated to Niagara Falls, New York, as the Niagara Falls PowerHawks after one season in the NA3HL.
- Metro Jets (Fraser, Michigan; 1989–2018). Left the NA3HL along with the entire East Division in 2018 after winning the league championship. Joined the United States Premier Hockey League.
- Michigan Ice Dogs (Farmington Hills, Michigan; 2003–08). Moved to the Great Lakes Junior Hockey League (2008–12), then the Midwest Junior Hockey League (2012–15), and then joined the USPHL-Midwest Division for 2015–16 as the Michigan Wild.
- Michigan Mountain Cats (Farmington Hills, Michigan; 2010–14). Franchise sold and relocated to Jamestown, New York, as the Southern Tier Xpress
- Minnesota Flying Aces (Little Falls, Minnesota; 2011–16). Joined from the Minnesota Junior Hockey League in 2011, franchise purchased and relocated to Willmar, Minnesota, in 2016.
- Motor City Chiefs (Dearborn Heights, Michigan; 1985–2010). Franchise was sold and renamed Michigan Mountain Cats.
- Nashville Junior Predators (Franklin, Tennessee; 2014–17). Games cancelled at the end of October during the 2017–18 season; removed from the league one month later.
- New York Aviators (Brooklyn/Brewster, New York). Franchise joined from the NA3EHL in 2016. Relocated to Long Beach, New York, to become the Long Beach Sharks after joining the NA3HL.
- Pittsburgh Jr. Penguins (Harmarville, Pennsylvania; 2009–12). The Pittsburgh Jr. Penguins organization created a Junior A level team to compete in the CSHL in 2009. Renamed to Three Rivers Vengeance in 2012.
- Pittsburgh Vengeance (Harmarville, Pennsylvania; 2012–18). Left with the entire East Division in 2018 to join the United States Premier Hockey League.
- Point Mallard Ducks (Decatur, Alabama; 2014–18). Expansion team for the 2014–15 season, sold and relocated as the Milwaukee Power.
- Quad City Express (Davenport, Iowa; 2004–07). Renamed Jr. Flames after the American Hockey League team, the Quad City Flames.
- Quad City Jr. Flames (Davenport, Iowa; 2007–13). Relocated to Madison, Wisconsin, and renamed to the Wisconsin Whalers.
- Queen City Steam (Cincinnati, Ohio; 2007–13) Renamed Cincinnati Swords after the merger of two youth hockey programs in the Cincinnati area.
- Roc City Royals (Rochester, New York; 2016–18) Team founded in 2014 in the North American 3 Eastern Hockey League and joined the NA3HL in 2016. Franchise was announced to be replaced by a team called the Rochester Riverman in 2018, but the Rivermen never played a game.
- Rochester Ice Hawks (Rochester, Minnesota; 2015–18). Joined from the Minnesota Junior Hockey League in 2015. The franchise was purchased and became the Rochester Grizzlies in 2018.
- Southern Tier Xpress (Jamestown, New York; 2014–18). Formerly the Michigan Mountain Cats, left the NA3HL along with the entire East Division in 2018 to join the United States Premier Hockey League. Never played in the USPHL because they were replaced in their arena by the Jamestown Rebels of the Tier II North American Hockey League.
- Sugar Land Imperials (Sugar Land, Texas; 2013–16). An expansion team from 2013, the franchise was purchased and relocated to College Station, Texas, and renamed College Station Spirit in 2016.
- Syracuse Stampede (Morrisville, New York; 2016–17). Joined the NA3HL in 2016 from the NA3EHL. Relocated and rebranded to become the Oswego Stampede.
- Three Rivers Vengeance (Harmarville, Pennsylvania; 2012–13). Renamed Pittsburgh Vengeance after one season.
- Toledo Cherokee (Toledo, Ohio; 1993–2018). Left the NA3HL along with the entire East Division in 2018 to join the United States Premier Hockey League.
- Topeka Capitals (Topeka, Kansas; 2013–15). Franchise relocated to Sandy Springs, Georgia, and renamed to Atlanta Capitals in 2015.
- Twin City Steel (White Bear Lake, Minnesota; 2011–16). Franchise relocated to New Ulm, Minnesota, and renamed New Ulm Steel in 2016.
- Wayne Wheels/Wheelers (Wayne, Michigan; 1998–2003). Renamed Michigan Ice Dogs.
- West Michigan Wolves (Battle Creek, Michigan; 2014–17) Relocated to the Dimondale, Michigan in the Lansing-area and renamed Lansing Wolves.
- Wilkes-Barre/Scranton Miners (Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania). Franchise joined from the NA3EHL in 2016. Relocated to Binghamton, New York, to become the Binghamton Jr. Senators. after joining the NA3HL.
- Wooster Oilers (Wooster, Ohio; 2015–18). Joined from the Minnesota Junior Hockey League in 2015. Left along with the entire East Division in 2018 to join the United States Premier Hockey League.
- "Quad City Jr. Flames To Be Renamed The Wisconsin Whalers". The Junior Hockey News. 24 May 2013.
- Fitts, Colin (May 24, 2014). "NA3HL Club Arrives In Nashville". The Hockey Writers. Retrieved May 31, 2014.
- "AWHL joins NA3HL". Billings Gazette. 21 March 2014.
- "ThunderBolts hockey team introduces owner, head coach". Evansville Courier & Press. 23 July 2015.
- "NA3HL approves expansion membership to Rochester Ice Hawks". Junior Hockey News. May 21, 2015.
- "NA3HL approves expansion membership to Louisiana Drillers". Junior Hockey News. May 22, 2015.
- "NA3EHL to join NA3HL for the 2016-17 season". NA3HL. March 4, 2016.
- "New Missoula junior hockey team approved". The Montana Standard. May 21, 2016.
- "NA3HL announces divisional alignment and events for 2018-19 season". NA3HL. April 17, 2018.
- "page":4,"issue_id":177948} "A Team Grows in Brooklyn". Junior Hockey Magazine. October 2013.
- "NA3HL CHAMPIONSHIP TOURNAMENT". NA3HL. Retrieved September 11, 2017.
- "NA3HL names Championship Trophy in memory of Fraser Ritchie". NA3HL. September 11, 2017.
- "Junior B Silver Cup". Retrieved March 25, 2016.
- "2006 Tier III Junior B Nationals". Pointstreak. Retrieved August 21, 2015.
- "2007 Tier III Junior B Nationals". Pointstreak. Retrieved August 21, 2015.
- "2008 Tier III Junior A Nationals". Pointstreak. Retrieved August 21, 2015.
- "2009 Tier III Jr. A Nat. Championships". USA Hockey. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
- "2010 Tier III Jr. A Nat. Championships". USA Hockey. Retrieved August 26, 2015.
- "2011 Tier III Jr. A Nat. Championships". USA Hockey. Retrieved August 18, 2015.
- "2012 Tier III Nat. Championships". USA Hockey. Retrieved August 19, 2015.
- "2013 Tier III Nat. Championships". USA Hockey. Retrieved August 18, 2015.
- "2014 Tier III Nat. Championships". USA Hockey. Retrieved August 18, 2015.
- "2015 Tier III Junior Nat. Championships". USA Hockey. Retrieved September 17, 2015.
- "West Michigan Wolves era in NA3HL to begin in 2014-15". NA3HL. April 1, 2014.
- "NA3HL's Billings Bulls Shot In The Head". The Junior Hockey News. September 9, 2017.
- "NA3HL's Butte Cobras Killed". The Junior Hockey News. September 8, 2017.
- "Chicago Hitmen will not play in 2012-13". NA3HL. May 11, 2012.
- "Cincinnati team in NA3HL renamed the Thunder". NA3HL. April 10, 2015.
- "NA3HL approves sale and relocation of Cleveland to Wooster, Ohio". NA3HL. February 15, 2015.
- "WEEKLY SPORTS LEAGUE & FRANCHISE REPORT". OurSports Central. July 24, 2017.
- "NA3HL's Jr. Stars purchased by Chill, Freeze ownership". NA3HL. August 4, 2015.
- "NA3HL approves sale and relocation of Flint to La Crosse, WI". NA3HL. May 6, 2014.
- "Glacier Nationals sold, relocated to Butte, Montana to become Cobras". NA3HL. May 26, 2017.
- "Express moving to Niagara Falls in 2017-18". NA3HL. March 14, 2017.
- "NA3HL approves sale and relocation of Mountain Cats to Jamestown, NY". NA3HL. March 10, 2014.
- "NA3HL's Flying Aces purchased, relocated by NAHL Blizzard ownership". Junior Hockey News. May 24, 2016.
- "Mountain Cats continue to make great strides". NA3HL. April 21, 2011.
- "Point Mallard Ducks purchased and relocated to Milwaukee, Wisconsin". NA3HL. April 16, 2018.
- "Quad City Jr. Flames to relocate to Madison, Wisconsin". NA3HL. May 2, 2013.
- "Queen City Steam to become the Cincinnati Swords". NA3HL. April 16, 2013.
- "NA3HL team announced in Scottsville, New York". NA3HL.com. May 21, 2018.
- "NA3HL team in Rochester, MN announces new ownership group, name". North American Hockey League. April 4, 2018.
- "Sugar Land Imperials purchased and relocated to College Station, TX". Junior Hockey News. May 24, 2016.
- "Topeka Capitals to relocate to Atlanta, Georgia". NA3HL. June 16, 2015.