North American Soccer League
|Other club(s) from||Canada
|Founded||November 10, 2009|
|Number of teams||12|
|Level on pyramid||Division II (US)
Division II (CAN)
|Domestic cup(s)||U.S. Open Cup
|Current champions||New York Cosmos
|Current NAST||New York Cosmos
|Most championships||New York Cosmos (2 titles)|
|Most NASTs||Carolina RailHawks
New York Cosmos (2 titles)
|2016 NASL season|
The North American Soccer League (NASL) is a professional men's soccer league with 12 teams: 9 in the United States, 2 in Canada and 1 in Puerto Rico. It is sanctioned by the United States Soccer Federation (U.S. Soccer) as the Division II league in the American league system, under Major League Soccer (MLS) and above the United Soccer League (formerly, USL Pro). It is headquartered in New York City.
The league is named for, but has no connection to, the original North American Soccer League. The modern NASL was founded in 2009, and began play in 2011 with eight teams, following a 2010 season that saw NASL and USL teams play in a combined temporary Division II league.
The NASL uses a split-season schedule running from April to early November, with a four-week break in July. The spring and fall champions, along with the two teams with best combined spring/fall records meet in a four-team single elimination tournament known as The Championship. The winner of the final claims the Soccer Bowl at the end of the season. While there is no promotion and relegation with other leagues, Commissioner Bill Peterson has stated repeatedly that the league has an interest in introducing it to the pyramid.
- 1 Overview
- 2 Competition format
- 3 History
- 4 Teams
- 5 Expansion
- 6 Organization
- 7 Media and digital coverage
- 8 Champions
- 9 NASL club honors
- 10 Attendance
- 11 Staff
- 12 See also
- 13 References
- 14 External links
The NASL is owned and operated by its member teams through the Board of Governors. The Board consists of a representative of each member team. The Board oversees the League rules and regulations, governs the expansion and commercial strategy of the League, and oversees the league office. Mark Frisch is the chairman of the board.
NASL has no official tie to the former NASL that operated from 1968 to 1984. Several of the present-day NASL teams, however, operate in cities where the former NASL had teams. In particular, the Fort Lauderdale Strikers, Tampa Bay Rowdies, and New York Cosmos clubs share the same names and similar jersey designs as their NASL predecessors. The league has taken great pains to express its affinity to the earlier league, in fact inviting to their AGM Phil Woosnam, who wrote them a kind letter wishing their success in the new league. The New York Cosmos have been particularly mindful of respecting the Cosmos' legacy, involving former players at all levels of the organization.
NASL teams have augmented their revenues by signing sponsorship deals. For example, the NY Cosmos landed Emirates Airlines as a jersey sponsor, FC Edmonton signed Sears Financial as a jersey sponsor, and the Carolina RailHawks have had Blue Cross as their jersey sponsor since 2009.
The NASL began playing a split-season format in 2013. Similar to Liga MX, Central, and South American leagues, the schedule consisted of two competitions, Spring and Fall, with the winner of the Spring season earning the right to host the Fall champion in a one-game playoff, the Soccer Bowl. In 2014 the postseason was altered again with the introduction of The Championship: The NASL Spring Season and Fall Season champions are joined in the semi-finals of The Championship by the two clubs with the next best overall records from both seasons combined. The semi-final winners will compete in The Championship final. The NASL Spring Season and Fall Season champions will each host a semi-final. The number one seed will be awarded to whichever of the Spring or Fall champions posts the better combined regular season record. The number three and number four seeds will be awarded to the next two clubs with the best overall records from both seasons combined. Clubs will retain their seeding throughout the postseason. The top-seeded semi-final winner will host The Championship final. If the same club wins both seasons, the clubs with the second, third and fourth best overall records from both seasons combined will qualify for The Championship.
The Spring Season runs from early April until July 4, and following a one-month break, the Fall season runs from early August until early November.
The split-season model has several intended benefits for NASL. A break in July that coincides with the international transfer window allows teams to acquire (or sell) players during the summer, providing ample time for new players to become acquainted with their new club and league. Secondly, NASL teams can use this break to generate additional revenue by hosting international friendlies or going on tour. In prior NASL seasons, the competition featured 8 teams playing a 28-game regular season schedule, with 14 home and 14 away matches, meeting each opponent four times. The playoffs consisted of the top six clubs, with the first and second-ranked teams receiving a bye until the semi-final round. The bottom four competed in a knockout round before advancing to the semi-finals. Both the semi-final and the final rounds were played over two-legs, the winner advancing on aggregate goals.
Similar to other American sports leagues (and unlike many European soccer leagues), NASL does not have automatic promotion or relegation for its member clubs. The champion of Division II NASL is not automatically promoted to Division I Major League Soccer, and the team finishing last in NASL is not automatically relegated to Division III USL. There are occasional opportunities, however, for successful teams in Divisions II and III that meet specific criteria (most critically, financial) to join MLS as an expansion team, as the Montreal Impact did following the 2011 season and Orlando City SC in the 2015 season from the USL Pro.
The North American Supporters' Trophy was created before the 2013 season to be awarded by NASL supporters to the team with the highest season points total in order to recognize excellent play on the field throughout the entire year. It replaces the regular season champion trophy that was awarded in 2011 and 2012 before the league adopted the split season format.
NASL teams also occasionally play in international competitions, most notably in the CONCACAF Champions League. The best Division II team performances to date were in the 2008–09 Champions League, when the Puerto Rico Islanders reached the semi-finals and the then-Division II Montreal Impact reached the quarterfinal round. NASL teams also play in the aforementioned international friendlies during the league's summer break.
Teams playing in the NASL represent two separate CONCACAF members (the United States and Canada); in the past, and again from 2016, this will rise to three with the presence of a team from Puerto Rico. NASL's U.S. based teams play in the U.S. Open Cup, the winner of which provides one of the four US representatives in the CONCACAF Champions League. Division II teams have had some success in Cup play since MLS began, most notably in 1999 when the Rochester Rhinos won the title. Charleston Battery also reached the final in 2008, conceding the championship to D.C. United. NASL did not participate in the 2011 U.S. Open Cup during the league's first season, but joined the tournament in 2012 to some success as the Carolina RailHawks reached the Quarterfinals that year. In 2014, both the Carolina RailHawks and the Atlanta Silverbacks reached the Open Cup Quarterfinals. The league's Canadian teams, FC Edmonton and Ottawa Fury F.C., participate in the Canadian Championship. This tournament consists of the Canadian Soccer Association's five professional clubs, the winner representing Canada in the CONCACAF Champions League. The Puerto Rico Islanders were invited to participate in the CFU Club Championship by the Caribbean Football Union representing Puerto Rico, participation in which allowed them to also enter the Champions League.
On August 27, 2009, multi-national sports company Nike agreed to sell its stake in the United Soccer Leagues (USL) to Rob Hoskins and Alec Papadakis of Atlanta-based NuRock Soccer Holdings, instead of to the USL Team Owner's Association (TOA), a group comprising the owners of several USL First Division clubs and St. Louis Soccer United. After the purchase, several prominent TOA members began to voice their concerns about the state of the league in general, its management structure and ownership model, the leadership of USL president Francisco Marcos, and about the sale of the league to NuRock, which the TOA felt was counter-productive and detrimental to the development of the league.
Within several weeks, a number of TOA member clubs threatened to break away from USL and start their own league. On November 10, 2009, six USL-1 clubs along with St. Louis applied for approval to create a new North American Division 2 league. On November 20, 2009, one team from both USL-1 and USL-2 announced their intentions to join the new league, taking the membership of the new league to nine teams.
The official name of the league was announced on November 23, 2009. According to the official press release, the NASL name is intended to "pay respect to the players, coaches and leaders who were pioneers for men's professional soccer in North America, many of whom remain involved and committed to the growth of the game in various capacities throughout the U.S. and Canada".
The USL issued several press releases questioning the legality of the teams choosing to break away, suggesting that it considered litigation to protect its interests and those of the USL-1 teams from any breach of contract. The USL claimed that the NASL and the TOA ownership group was "interfering with USL-1 team owners that are contractually obligated to participate in the 2010 season" and "made several misleading statements in a variety of press releases to taint the reputation of USL and its long history of developing the sport of soccer."
NASL's inaugural season was expected to begin play in April 2010. However, after announcing that it would not sanction either the NASL or the USL First Division for 2010, U.S. Soccer announced in January 2010 that it would run a temporary USSF Division 2 Professional League for the 2010 season that included 12 teams from both the NASL and USL-1, putting the NASL on hold for at least a year.
Following the 2010 season, NASL consolidated its member clubs to meet the new Division 2 standards set out by U.S. Soccer. The NASL was provisionally approved by U.S. Soccer on November 21, 2010. NASL The provisional sanctioning was briefly revoked by U.S. Soccer in January 2011 due to the collapse of two of the ownership groups involved with NASL and serious questions about several others but was reinstated before the 2011 season.
David Downs was named league commissioner effective April 4, 2011. Downs had previously worked for ABC Sports where he had secured the US television rights to every World Cup from 1994 to 2014, worked for Univision, and had been Executive Director of the unsuccessful US Bid Committee to bring the 2022 FIFA World Cup to the United States. NASL began regular league play in April 2011 with eight members comprising former clubs from the USL First Division, the USL Second Division, plus expansion sides.
Downs resigned after the end of the 2012 season, citing a desire to return to his home in New York. Bill Peterson, formerly the Senior VP of AEG Sports and managing director of the Home Depot Center from 2000-2006, replaced Downs as commissioner.
In July 2013, NASL teams took advantage of the break afforded by the new split-season schedule to host several international friendlies, including several matches against Mexican, Brazilian, and Guatemalan teams, while the N.Y. Cosmos traveled to London to play lower division English teams.
In September 2015, NASL sent a letter to US Soccer president, Sunil Gulati, accusing US Soccer of antitrust violations should they adopt the proposed criteria for a sanctioned Division I soccer league. NASL took issue with three proposed changes: increasing the minimum stadium size to 15,000, increasing the minimum number of teams to 16, and changing the minimum population required in 75% of the teams from a population of 1 million to 2 million. NASL accused US Soccer of colluding with MLS to protect MLS's monopoly as the only Division I league in the United States.
|San Francisco Deltas||San Francisco, California||Kezar Stadium||2015||2017|
|Atlanta Silverbacks||Atlanta, Georgia||Atlanta Silverbacks Park||5,000||2010||2015|
|Montreal Impact||Montreal, Quebec||Saputo Stadium||13,034||2011|
|Puerto Rico Islanders||Bayamón, Puerto Rico||Juan Ramón Loubriel Stadium||22,000||2011||2012|
|San Antonio Scorpions||San Antonio, Texas||Toyota Field||8,296||2012||2015|
Current clubs Former club Club moved to MLS Future clubs
Founding members and expansion
In late 2010 announced its formal bid to the USSF for Division 2 sanctioning with the required minimum eight teams. With provisional approval for the league to begin play in 2011, eight clubs were officially confirmed to launch the inaugural season: Atlanta Silverbacks, Carolina RailHawks, FC Edmonton, Fort Lauderdale Strikers (formerly Miami FC), Montreal Impact, NSC Minnesota Stars, Puerto Rico Islanders and FC Tampa Bay.
Four of these eight teams—the Carolina RailHawks, Miami FC, Minnesota United FC (formerly Minnesota Thunder/Stars) and Montreal Impact—played in the USL First Division in 2009, and were among the set of TOA teams that initiated the original breakaway from the USL. FC Tampa Bay had been scheduled to be a 2010 USL-1 expansion franchise, but switched to the NASL shortly after NASL was officially formed. The Atlanta Silverbacks played competitively in USL-1 in 2008, and spent 2009 on hiatus from the league prior to joining the NASL. FC Edmonton was an expansion team that was founded in 2010. The Puerto Rico Islanders played in the USL in the 2010 season.
Several teams scheduled to join NASL did not ultimately end up playing in NASL during the 2011 inaugural season. Crystal Palace Baltimore of the USL Second Division had planned to join the NASL, but announced in late 2010 that it would not play in NASL in 2011 due to a needed restructuring. The Rochester Rhinos of the USL First Division joined NASL on November 30, 2009, but the Rochester Rhinos joined the new USL Pro League and has played there since 2011. AC St. Louis, part of the initial TOA group that formed NASL, closed in late 2010 after only one season due to financial difficulties. The Vancouver Whitecaps did not play in NASL in 2011 because the Vancouver Whitecaps FC joined MLS in 2011. The Minnesota Thunder ceased operations due to financial problems, and were replaced by the NSC Minnesota Stars under different ownership.
On March 25, 2015 it was announced that founding team, Minnesota, would become a Major League Soccer expansion side in either 2017 or 2018.
On December 22, 2015 it was announced that the city of San Antonio and Bexar County had purchased Toyota Field and S.T.A.R. Soccer Complex. Along with this came an agreement for Spurs Sports and Entertainment, owners of the San Antonio Spurs, to operate the facilities and field a team that plays in the United Soccer League, effectively folding the San Antonio Scorpions.
|Progression of NASL Expansion|
The league continued with eight teams in 2012, losing one team and adding one team, with the Montreal Impact joining Major League Soccer and the San Antonio Scorpions joining NASL as an expansion side. The league played its 2013 spring season with seven teams, as the Puerto Rico Islanders suspended operations with uncertainty as to whether and how much of a government subsidy the Islanders would receive. The New York Cosmos restored the league to eight teams when it joined for the fall 2013 season, playing its home games at Hofstra University's James M. Shuart Stadium.
NASL's expansion into New York marked the first time the league expanded into a city where an MLS team was already present, marking the beginning of a slight shift in NASL expansion strategy, with NASL later considering expanding into other large markets with MLS teams, such as the northern Virginia suburbs of Washington DC, and Los Angeles.
The NASL added two teams for the 2014 season: the Ottawa Fury FC and Indy Eleven of Indianapolis. The Ottawa Fury moved from the USL Premier Development League following the refurbishment of TD Place Stadium. The Indy Eleven are playing at Indiana University – Purdue University Indianapolis until they complete their own stadium. In July 2013, the NASL awarded two new expansion franchises: Jacksonville Armada FC and Oklahoma City FC. Jacksonville plays at the Baseball Grounds of Jacksonville and ultimately hopes to build its own stadium. Oklahoma City would never begin play, although an expansion team was later awarded to Oklahoma City for 2016.
Oklahoma City FC were originally set to begin play in 2015 but, along with Virginia Cavalry FC, did not join the league. The Cavalry was originally announced as a 2014 expansion team to be based in the planned Edelman Financial Field in Ashburn, Virginia, but construction delays and failure to find a suitable alternative venue set back its debut to 2015. In July 2014, a further delay was announced pushing their debut to 2016 as the team reorganizes its ownership group. An NASL team in Oklahoma City was eventually announced for a 2016 launch when Spanish club Rayo Vallecano launched Rayo OKC in November 2015.
The NASL has indicated its vision is to grow to 18 to 20 teams by 2018. NASL Commissioner Bill Peterson has reported interest in Hartford. Hartford had been home to the Connecticut Bicentennials which played in the previous version of the NASL. However, the priority remains to add more teams in the West, Midwest and Prairies, with an eye on placing teams in the 25 largest metropolitan areas without professional soccer teams in order to tap into greater media exposure and sponsor interest. Peterson has said the focus to expansion is having the right ownership groups in the right cities. NASL expansion conversations have taken place with interested parties from San Francisco, Los Angeles, Orange County, San Diego, and Las Vegas. Also, the owners of Detroit City FC have expressed a desire to join the NASL or USL in the near future and are currently seeking investors. In addition, Peterson has criticized the MLS expansion plans in cities with existing NASL teams (Miami, Atlanta, Minneapolis, and San Antonio), suggesting a turf war and increased competition between the two leagues.
In July 2014, it was reported that the NASL and the Canadian Soccer Association were looking into creating a seven team all Canadian league with the help of the CFL by 2016, thus establishing the first top tier fully Canadian league since Canadian Soccer League which folded in 1992. The format would resemble Major League Baseball's American and National leagues, with the Soccer Bowl taking place between the champions of the American-based NASL teams and the Canadian-based NASL teams to determine the overall NASL champion. The Canadian soccer teams would partner with Canadian Football League teams and play in CFL stadiums. The three existing Canadian MLS teams (Toronto, Vancouver, and Montreal) would not be part of this league structure. FC Edmonton and Ottawa Fury would likely join this league. The Ottawa Fury is already affiliated with the CFL's Ottawa Redblacks, both owned by Jeff Hunt. Meanwhile, no alliance currently exists between FC Edmonton and the CFL's Edmonton Eskimos. The remaining potential NASL expansion sites with CFL-ties are Hamilton, Calgary, Winnipeg, and Saskatchewan.
In May 2015, the NASL announced that the 12th team in the league would be Miami FC. Located in Miami, Florida, the team is owned by international entrepreneur Riccardo Silva and former Italian international Paolo Maldini. The team will begin play in 2016. In June 2015, Puerto Rico FC, owned by professional basketball player Carmelo Anthony, was announced as the league's 13th club. The team will begin play in the 2016 NASL fall season.
In February 2016, former Indy Eleven owner Peter Wilt has announced his ambitions to create yet another team in Chicago. He is credited with creating Chicago Fire Soccer Club. They announced that the NASL Chicago club would not be called the Chicago Sting, but works were in progress to secure short-term and long-term stadium options. The efforts were combined with exploring investors and supporter ownership structures.
Some NASL teams participate in rivalry matches. Supporters of Minnesota United FC and FC Edmonton created the Flyover Cup, a nod to the clubs' geographic location with respect to the rest of the league. Starting in 2010 when the Tampa Bay Rowdies returned, the Florida Derby was revived with the creation of the Coastal Cup with the Fort Lauderdale Strikers. The Rowdies claimed the first four Coastal Cups, with the Strikers winning the Cup for the first time in 2014. In 2015 Jacksonville Armada FC made the competition three-way, and the 2016 expansion Miami FC will make it a four-club affair.
|Derby Name||Most Wins||Titles||Other Club(s)||Titles||Recent winner|
|Coastal Cup||Tampa Bay Rowdies||4||Fort Lauderdale Strikers, Jacksonville Armada FC, Miami FC||2||Fort Lauderdale Strikers|
|Flyover Cup||Minnesota United FC||3||FC Edmonton||1||Minnesota United FC|
The North American Soccer League operates as a group of independent club owners as opposed to the single-entity structure of Major League Soccer. Each club is a shareholder in the league, with one vote each on issues such as rule changes and contracts. The league requires that each club has a lead shareholder that holds at least 35% ownership in the club and is worth at least $20M.
The league now has 12 ownership groups for its 13 clubs. At one time Traffic owned three clubs and indirectly owned the largest stake in a fourth until Minnesota was divested. With the recent divestiture of Atlanta and Fort Lauderdale. Traffic only holds interests in Carolina.
|Carolina RailHawks||Adidas||Blue Cross Blue Shield of NC||Undisclosed||Undisclosed|
|FC Edmonton||Adidas||The Fath Group||Undisclosed||Undisclosed|
|Fort Lauderdale Strikers||Inaria||Guaraviton||Undisclosed||Undisclosed|
|Jacksonville Armada FC||Nike||Winn Dixie||Undisclosed||Undisclosed|
|Minnesota United FC||Inaria||Atomic Data / Mall of America||Undisclosed||Undisclosed|
|New York Cosmos||Under Armour||Emirates||$1M||2018|
|Ottawa Fury FC||Adidas||Chartwells||Undisclosed||Undisclosed|
|Puerto Rico FC||Nike||Claro / Samsung||Undisclosed||Undisclosed|
|Tampa Bay Rowdies||Nike||Hard Rock||Undisclosed||Undisclosed|
The league currently does not have any national sponsorship arrangements beyond using a specially designed soccer ball produced by Under Armour. The match ball features the NASL's signature red and blue colors, as well as the league's logo. The league also reached a deal with Seiko to serve as the official time keeper of the NASL starting with the 2014 season. Seiko branding will be prominent on the fourth official's substitution and timing boards, on goal line advertising boards, on the broadcast game clock and within the league's official website NASL.com.
Some NASL teams have been able to attract shirt sponsors over the past several seasons. The largest deal to date was the Cosmos signing Emirates through the 2015 season for $1M annually. Toyota's sponsorship of the Scorpions is tied into several other sponsorship programs involving the team and team ownership. Indy Eleven announced on October 1, 2013 that they had reached a three-year deal with Honda Manufacturing of Indiana LLC and central Indiana Honda dealers worth $1M annually to be the shirt sponsor for the team, the deal is on par with the one announced by the Cosmos earlier in the year. The Rowdies announced they had reach a sponsorship agreement with Seminole Hard Rock Hotel and Casino Tampa for the 2014 season. This became the first gambling related sponsorship within the league something common with clubs in other countries.
Beyond shirt sponsorship and kit production, teams have had varying success in establishing sponsorship packages with local and national brands. The San Antonio Scorpions were able to land numerous sponsorship arrangements with the opening of Toyota Field including an innovative sponsorship by CST brands Valero Corner Stores. The sponsorship arrangement with Valero involves stadium branding and sponsorship of all corner kicks at home games.
Media and digital coverage
The New York Cosmos began a partnership with ONE World Sports that expanded into a league-wide deal in 2015. For the 2016 season, One World Sports airs all Cosmos matches and an additional game of the week, on Saturdays in the spring season and on Wednesdays in the fall season. Additionally for 2016, beIN Sports  and CBS Sports Network each began airing a game of the week.
In addition to the national deals, many clubs have local broadcast deals.
|Carolina RailHawks||ESPN3, WRAL-TV, TWCS|
|FC Edmonton||CKEM-DT, Sportsnet|
|Fort Lauderdale Strikers||ESPN3, WSFL-TV|
|Indy Eleven||ESPN3, WISH-TV|
|Jacksonville Armada||ESPN3, WCWJ|
|Miami FC||GOL TV|
|Minnesota United||ESPN3, WFTC|
|New York Cosmos||ONE World Sports, NBC Deportes|
|Ottawa Fury||Rogers TV, Sportsnet|
|Puerto Rico FC||WAPA 2 Deportes, ESPN3|
|Rayo OKC||ESPN3, Cox 703|
|Tampa Bay Rowdies||ESPN3, BHSN|
|North American Supporters' Trophy
|2011||NSC Minnesota Stars*||Carolina RailHawks||-||-|
|2012||Tampa Bay Rowdies*||San Antonio Scorpions||-||-|
|2013||New York Cosmos||Carolina RailHawks||Atlanta Silverbacks||New York Cosmos|
|2014||San Antonio Scorpions||Minnesota United FC||Minnesota United FC||San Antonio Scorpions|
|2015||New York Cosmos||New York Cosmos||New York Cosmos||Ottawa Fury FC|
|2016||-||New York Cosmos||Indy Eleven||New York Cosmos|
|-||Spring & Fall Championships not instituted until 2013 season|
|*||Denotes NASL Championship Series before current playoff format|
|2011||NSC Minnesota Stars||3–1||Fort Lauderdale Strikers||National Sports Center
|2012||Tampa Bay Rowdies||3–3||Minnesota Stars||National Sports Center
Al Lang Stadium
|2013||New York Cosmos||1–0||Atlanta Silverbacks||Atlanta Silverbacks Park||7,211|
|2014||San Antonio Scorpions||2–1||Fort Lauderdale Strikers||Toyota Field||7,847|
|2015||New York Cosmos||3–2||Ottawa Fury FC||Shuart Stadium||10,166|
|Match decided by a penalty shootout after extra time|
- The champion was determined by a two-game NASL Championship Series in 2011 and 2012, before switching to the current playoff format in 2013.
NASL club honors
NASL club records only include performance while team competed in the NASL. Current through 2016 Spring Season. Order based on major honors (championships).
|Team||Seasons||NASL Playoffs||NASL Regular Season||Domestic
(USOC, ACC, CFUCC)
|Total Honors||Major Honors / Championships|
|Soccer Bowl Winner||Soccer Bowl Runner-up||North American Supporters' Trophy Winner||Split Season Winner (2013+)||North American Supporters' Trophy Runner-up||Winner||USOC - Top NASL club|
|New York Cosmos||4.5||2||-||2||3||-||-||1||7||4|
|Minnesota United FC||6||1||1||1||1||-||–||1||5||2|
|San Antonio Scorpions||4||1||-||1||1||1||-||1||5||2|
|Puerto Rico Islanders||2||-||-||-||-||1||2||n/a||3||2|
|Tampa Bay Rowdies||6||1||-||-||-||2||–||-||3||1|
|Fort Lauderdale Strikers||6||-||2||-||-||-||–||1||3||0|
|Ottawa Fury FC||3||-||1||-||1||1||-||-||3||0|
Bold denotes players still playing in the NASL.Statistics as of November 2015; Goals as of November 18, 2015
- NASL Player of the Month
- NASL Best XI
- NASL Golden Ball Award
- NASL Golden Boot Award
- NASL Golden Glove Award
- NASL Coach of the Year Award
- NASL Fair Play Award
- NASL Goal of the Year Award
Stadium attendances are a significant source of regular income for the NASL and its clubs. The average and total attendances are listed below.
|Bold denotes league's highest attendance that season.|
- Bill Peterson - Commissioner
- Brian Melekian - chief operating officer
- Rishi Sehgal - Director of Business Development & Legal Affairs
- Toan Hang - Director of Finance
- Neal Malone - Director of Public Relations
- Steven Torres - Manager of Public Relations, International/Hispanic Media
- Daniel Kaufman - Accountant
- "FC Edmonton wins first-ever NASL game". The Soccer Room. April 10, 2011. Retrieved October 7, 2011.
- "NASL: NASL Clubs To Compete For 'The Championship'".
- "NASL's response to MLS: Promotion-relegation is viable in North America". Sports Illustrated. August 6, 2014. Retrieved September 3, 2014.
- "NASL 2012 Media Guide" (PDF). July 19, 2012.
- "Jacksonville Armada owner Mark Frisch elected chairman of NASL board of governors". jacksonville.com.
- "NASL 2011 Media Guide" (PDF). November 7, 2011.
- "Letter from Phil Woosnam". Archived from the original on November 23, 2011.
- "New York Cosmos return to NASL is first step in franchise revival - Grant Wahl - SI.com". Sportsillustrated.cnn.com. July 13, 2012. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
- "New York Cosmos Land Emirates Airline Sponsorship Deal | North American Soccer League". Nasl.com. June 4, 2013. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
- "FC Edmonton Announce Sears Financial as Jersey Sponsors | North American Soccer League". Nasl.com. March 31, 2011. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
- "News". Carolina RailHawks. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
- Cesar Diaz (October 2, 2012). "Q & A with N.A.S.L. Commissioner David Downs". New York Times Soccer Blog. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
- "NASL Provisionally Sanctioned by USSF". www.nasl.com. November 21, 2010. Retrieved November 23, 2010.
- "Phillip A. Woosnam Memorial Cup". December 10, 2013. Retrieved December 10, 2013.
- "Summer of International Friendlies in Store For NASL Clubs | North American Soccer League". Nasl.com. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
- "Atlanta Silverbacks 1, Chicago Fire 3 - US Open Cup Quarterfinals Match Recap". MLSsoccer.com.
- "Teams Split From USL-1; To Form New League in 2010". Goal.com. November 10, 2009. Retrieved November 20, 2009.
- "Palace Join New Professional Soccer League". Crystal Palace USA. November 20, 2009. Retrieved November 20, 2009.
- Hayes, Pete (November 23, 2009). "The NASL is Returning". The Telegraph. Retrieved October 7, 2011.
- "New Men's Second Division Professional Soccer League Announces Name: North American Soccer League". Carolinarailhawks.com. Retrieved October 7, 2011.
- "USL Statement regarding USL-1". United Soccer Leagues. November 10, 2009. Retrieved November 23, 2009.
- "USL statement regarding Tampa, Baltimore". United Soccer Leagues. November 20, 2009. Retrieved November 20, 2009.
- "It's not MLS, but St. Louis gets an outdoor men's pro soccer team". stltoday.com. November 10, 2009. Retrieved October 21, 2010.
- "Whitecaps 2010 soccer season in jeopardy". The Vancouver Sun. December 30, 2009. Archived from the original on January 2, 2010. Retrieved October 21, 2010.
- "US Soccer Federation To Oversee Combined NASL/USL League". Goal.com. January 7, 2010. Retrieved January 8, 2010.
- "NASL Concludes AGM and Finalizes USSF Application". www.nasl.com. November 11, 2010. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
- Wittmann, Gerry (January 25, 2011). "NASL Taking Proactive Stance on Schedule Announcement". insidemnsoccer.com. Retrieved February 15, 2011.
- "NASL Provisionally Sanctioned by USSF for 2011". www.nasl.com. February 12, 2011. Retrieved February 15, 2011.
- "NASL Provisionally Sanctioned as Division 2 Professional League for 2011". ussoccer.com. February 12, 2011. Retrieved March 31, 2011.
- Quarstad, Brian. "David Downs to Leave NASL Commissioner Position at End of 2012 Season | IMS Soccer News". Insidemnsoccer.com. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
- Quarstad, Brian (March 28, 2011). "North American Soccer League Names David Downs as Commissioner | IMS Soccer News". Insidemnsoccer.com. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
- "Bill Peterson Named Commissioner of the North American Soccer League | North American Soccer League". Nasl.com. November 27, 2012. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
- "NASL accuses U.S. Soccer and MLS of violating antitrust laws". ESPN FC. Retrieved September 3, 2015.
- "Crystal Palace Baltimore to Sit Out 2011 Season | North American Soccer League". Nasl.com. December 3, 2010. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
- "Rochester Rhinos Back in USL". www.uslsoccer.com. October 25, 2010. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
- "NASL Continues to Build on Strong Foundation". www.nasl.com. October 28, 2010. Retrieved November 11, 2010.
- Quarstad, Brian (January 17, 2011). "AC St. Louis Closes its Doors for Good | IMS Soccer News". Insidemnsoccer.com. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
- "Scorpions Soccer Club Thanks Fans for Supporting Soccer for a Cause". San Antonio Scorpions PR. San Antonio. December 22, 2015. Retrieved December 22, 2015.
- "Atlanta Silverbacks set to play in 2015". North American Soccer League (NASL). December 2, 2014. Retrieved December 3, 2014.
- "NASL Suspends Operation of Atlanta Silverbacks". North American Soccer League (NASL). January 11, 2016. Retrieved January 11, 2016.
- "Atlanta Silverbacks of NASL halt operations - ESPN FC". ESPNFC.com. Retrieved March 27, 2016.
- Oliver, Richard (April 10, 2010). "S.A. gets professional soccer team". mysanantonio.com. Retrieved October 25, 2010.
- Sandor, Steven. "Islanders won't play in NASL spring session". the11.ca. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
- "New York Cosmos Join NASL". North American Soccer League. NASL.com. Retrieved July 12, 2012.
- "New York Cosmos Return to Roots at Hofstra University". New York Cosmos. New York City. September 25, 2012. Retrieved October 29, 2012.
- Morris, Neil (June 15, 2013). "Interview: NASL Commissioner Bill Peterson talks expansion (NASL and MLS), U.S. Open Cup, and other soccer league issues | Triangle Offense". Indyweek.com. Retrieved August 7, 2013.
- Bottjer, Steve. "BOTTJER ON OTTAWA: NASL'S CAPITAL GAINS". Sportsnet. Retrieved May 15, 2012.
- Starnes, Richard (June 20, 2011). "Ottawa lands pro soccer franchise". Ottawacitizen.com. Archived from the original on August 30, 2011. Retrieved October 7, 2011.
- "Indy officially lands 12th North American Soccer League Franchise". Indianapolis Star. January 16, 2013. Retrieved January 16, 2013.
- "NASL Awards Team To Indianapolis". North American Soccer League. January 16, 2013. Retrieved January 16, 2013.
- Freeman, Clayton (July 25, 2013). "Jacksonville awarded NASL team to begin play in 2015". The Florida Times-Union. Retrieved February 26, 2014.
- Soergel, Matt (February 18, 2014). "Jacksonville soccer team to be called the Jacksonville Armada FC". The Florida Times-Union. Retrieved February 19, 2014. (subscription required (. ))
- "Soccer fans! Jacksonville Armada FC to play Baseball Grounds". jacksonville.com.
- Jackman, Tom (November 27, 2013). "Bob Farren steps down as head of Loudoun Hounds, VIP Entertainment". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 26, 2014.
- "NASL coming to Northern Virginia". Washington Post. November 5, 2012. Retrieved February 26, 2014.
- Boehm, Charles (February 14, 2014). "NASL: Amid delays, Virginia Cavalry's parent company brings back former CEO". www.soccerwire.com. Retrieved March 3, 2014.
- Boehm, Charles (February 21, 2014). "UPDATE: NASL's Va. Cavalry FC respond to SoccerWire.com". www.soccerwire.com. Retrieved March 3, 2014.
- Levine, Matthew (July 10, 2014). "Virginia Cavalry won't play until 2016, says NASL commish Bill Peterson". www.soccerwire.com.
- La Liga's Rayo Vallecano And Local Businessman Team Up To Bring NASL Club To Oklahoma City, NASL, November 10, 2015, retrieved November 10, 2015
- Richard Starnes More Richard Starnes. "NASL boss bullish on league expansion". Ottawa Citizen.
- "NASL Commissioner talks about Canada's long-term plans, expansion and league format". the11.ca.
- Sandor, Steven (July 3, 2013). "Floods could delay Calgary NASL franchise by one season; Winnipeg investor making inquiries". the11.ca. Retrieved January 29, 2014.
- "Peterson reveals details on NASL expansion, takes shot at MLS's plans". Soccer By Ives.
- "NASL Commissioner Bill Peterson discusses league expansion, playoffs, MLS, paid match streaming and other topics in advance of 2014 regular season kickoff". Indy Week.
- "Detroit City targeting move to the NASL or USL". SB Nation.
- "TURF WAR BREWING? NASL questions MLS expansion plans".
- "CSA, CFL and NASL to launch Canadian league". CSN.
- "Canada's partnership with the NASL could decide the future of soccer in the country". SBNation.com. Vox Media.
- "Maple Leaf Forever! " Questions for the NASL Canadian Division". Maple Leaf Forever!.
- "MIAMI FC BECOMES 12TH NASL CLUB". NASL. May 20, 2015.
- NBA star Carmelo Anthony announces purchase of NASL team Puerto Rico FC, ESPN, June 11, 2015
- "NASL looking to expand in Chicago - new ownership group has expressed interest". Chicago Fire Confidential. April 8, 2015. Retrieved February 19, 2016.
- "Chicago needs a second soccer team". Chicago Tribune. February 17, 2016. Retrieved February 19, 2016.
- "NASL San Francisco Group Unveils Name: San Francisco Deltas". Empire of Soccer. January 1, 2016. Retrieved March 26, 2016.
- "SF welcomes new professional soccer team to Kezar Stadium". San Francisco Examiner. March 17, 2016. Retrieved March 26, 2016.
- "Flyover Cup on the Line Saturday Night when Edmonton faces Minnesota". Boxscorenews.com. July 15, 2009. Retrieved July 15, 2013.
- "NASL: Tampa Bay Rowdies 2 Fort Lauderdale Strikers 3".
- "Home - nasl.com".
- Quarstad, Brian. "USSF D-2 Professional League Standards | IMS Soccer News". Insidemnsoccer.com. Retrieved January 29, 2014.
- "Silverbacks have new co-owners". www.ajc.com. December 20, 2013. Retrieved December 29, 2013.
- "Miami FC Partners With Macron". North American Soccer League (NASL). November 20, 2015.
- "Cosmos & Under Armour Team Up For New Kit Partnership". New York Cosmos. March 3, 2016.
- "Rowdies NASL: Seminole Hard Rock Hotel & Casino Tampa Announced as Club's Jersey-Front Sponsor". North American Soccer League (NASL).
- "NASL Announces Joma Partnership | North American Soccer League". Nasl.com. April 7, 2011. Retrieved December 28, 2013.
- "NASL, VOIT Announce Official Match Ball Partnership". NASL. January 25, 2014. Retrieved January 29, 2014.
- "NASL, Under Armour Announce Groundbreaking Match Ball Partnership". NASL. March 3, 2016. Retrieved March 3, 2016.
- "NASL: NASL Welcomes Seiko As Official Timekeeper".
- Bell, Jack (June 4, 2013). "Pelé Comes to Town as Cosmos Take Flight (Sort of)". New York Times. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
- "Toyota Announces Presenting Sponsorships of Morgan's Wonderland, New Scorpions Stadium". Toyota Press Release. August 28, 2012.
- "City's pro soccer team signs sponsorship deal with Honda". IBJ. October 1, 2013.
- "NASL's Scorpions sign corner sponsor - Sports Sponsorship news - Soccer North America". SportsPro Media. Retrieved December 28, 2013.
- "2013 Season: By The Numbers". NASL. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
- "NASL Soccer Bowl 2013 To Air Live on ESPN3 And ESPN Deportes | North American Soccer League". Nasl.com. October 25, 2013. Retrieved December 28, 2013.
- "North American Soccer League Announces Global Agreement With ESPN". nasl.com.
- "Players". Retrieved March 27, 2016.
- "Individual Leaders | North American Soccer League". Nasl.com. Retrieved December 29, 2013.
- "2011 NASL season attendance". Star Tribune. April 6, 2012. Retrieved December 29, 2013.
- "NASL Regular Season Attendance Rises in 2012 | North American Soccer League". Nasl.com. September 25, 2012. Retrieved December 29, 2013.
- "2013 NASL Attendance". Doherty Soccer. Retrieved August 7, 2013.[better source needed]
- "2013 NASL Attendance Logs". Doherty Soccer. September 18, 2013. Retrieved December 28, 2013.
- "NASL Attendance: 2015". Soccer Stadium Digest. Retrieved March 27, 2016.
- "front Office | North American Soccer League". Nasl.com. Retrieved November 27, 2012.