North Atlantic Council

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North Atlantic Council
History
FoundedApril 4, 1949 (1949-04-04)
Leadership
Deputy Secretary-General
Seats
Meeting place
NATO Ministers of Defense and of Foreign Affairs meet at NATO headquarters in Brussels 2010.jpg
NATO Headquarters
Brussels, Belgium
Website
http://www.nato.int/

The North Atlantic Council (NAC) is the principal political decision-making body of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), consisting of Permanent Representatives from its member countries.[1] It was established by Article 9 of the North Atlantic Treaty and it is the only body in NATO that derives its authority explicitly from the Treaty.

Powers and duties[edit]

The North Atlantic Treaty gave the NAC the power to set up subsidiary bodies for various policy functions, including a defense committee to implement other parts of the treaty. Since 1952, the NAC has been in permanent session.[2] The NAC can be held at the Permanent Representative Level (PermReps), or can be composed of member states' Ministers of State, Defense, or Heads of Government. The NAC has the same powers regardless of the formation under which it meets. The NAC meets twice a week: every Tuesday, for an informal lunch discussion; and every Wednesday for a decision-taking session. Usually, meetings occur amongst the Permanent Representatives who are the senior permanent member of each delegation and is generally a senior civil servant or an experienced ambassador (and holding that diplomatic rank). The list of Permanent Representatives may be found on the NATO website.[3]

The 30 members of NATO have diplomatic missions to the organization through embassies in Belgium. The meetings of the NAC are chaired by the Secretary General and, when decisions have to be made, action is agreed upon on the basis of unanimity and common accord. There is no voting or decision by majority. Each nation represented at the NAC table or on any of its subordinate committees retains complete sovereignty and responsibility for its own decisions.[citation needed]

The NATO Military Command Structure consists of two strategic commands and is directed by the International Military Staff:[4]

The commands under SACEUR - Allied Joint Force Command Brunssum, Allied Joint Force Command Naples and Joint Force Command Norfolk are Operational Level Commands, while Headquarters Allied Air Command, Headquarters Allied Maritime Command and Headquarters Allied Land Command are Tactical Level Commands.[5] SACEUR also has operational command of the Joint Support and Enabling Command.[6]

Liaison:       Provides advice and support to the NAC
Political strategic level:
NA Council
NATO SG
Brussels, BE
IS
Brussels, BE
Military strategic level:
Coat of arms of the Chairman of the NATO Military Committee.svg
Golden star.svgGolden star.svgGolden star.svgGolden star.svg
CMC (NATO MC)
International Military Staff DGIMS (IMS)
Brussels, BE
Greater coat of arms of Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe.svg
Golden star.svgGolden star.svgGolden star.svgGolden star.svg
SACEUR
(ACO, SHAPE)
Mons, BE
Emblem of Allied Command Transformation.svg
Golden star.svgGolden star.svgGolden star.svgGolden star.svg
SACT
(ACT, HQ SACT)
Norfolk, US
Operational level:
Allied Joint Force Command Brunssum JFCBS Brunssum, NLJoint Warfare Centre JWC Stavanger, NO
Allied Air Command AIRCOM Ramstein, DEJoint Analysis and Lessons Learned Centre JALLC Lisbon, PT
Allied Maritime Command MARCOM Northwood, GBJoint Force Training Centre JFTC Bydgoszcz, PL
Allied Land Command LANDCOM İzmir, TR
NATO Communication and Information Systems Group CIS GP Mons, BE
Allied Joint Force Command Naples JFCNP Naples, IT
JFC-NF Norfolk, Virginia, US


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The North Atlantic Council". NATO.
  2. ^ "REORGANIZATION OF THE NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION".
  3. ^ "nato.int: "NATO Permanent Representatives"".
  4. ^ "Command Structure" (PDF). NATO. Retrieved October 19, 2019. and "Military Command Structure". shape.nato.int. Supreme Head Allied Powers Europe. February 12, 2020. Retrieved February 12, 2020.
  5. ^ "MILITARY COMMAND STRUCTURE". shape.nato.int. NATO. October 7, 2020. Retrieved October 7, 2020.
  6. ^ Boeke, Sergei (January 13, 2020). "Creating a secure and functional rear area : NATO's new JSEC Headquarters". nato.int. NATO. Retrieved October 9, 2020. JSEC is part of the NATO Force Structure and under the operational command of the Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR).

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]