North Burial Ground
North Burial Ground
Entry marker to North Burial Ground
|Location||Providence, Rhode Island|
|NRHP reference #||77000003 |
|Added to NRHP||September 13, 1977|
The North Burial Ground is a 110-acre (0.45 km2) cemetery in Providence, Rhode Island, dating to 1700. It was the first public cemetery in Providence. It is located north of downtown Providence, bounded by North Main Street, Branch Avenue, the Moshassuck River, and Cemetery Street. Its main entrance is at the junction of Branch and North Main. The burial ground is one of the larger municipal cemeteries in Southern New England, at 150 acres. It accepts 220 to 225 burials per year.
From the time of its founding by Roger Williams in 1636, Rhode Island had strict separation of religious and government institutions. Therefore, Providence had no state churches with adjacent public burial grounds, as most New England towns had. Instead, townspeople buried their dead in family plots on individual farms.
In 1700, a town vote was held to establish a municipal cemetery. This cemetery was to be open to the deceased of all faiths, from millionaires to paupers, and even emancipated slaves. 45 acres were set aside; 10 acres were to be used for a cemetery, the remainder for a town common and militia training ground. However, the first official burial didn't take place until one Samuel Whipple was buried here in 1711. There were only about one or two burials per year until 1736, when 14 people were buried.
By the mid-1800s, under the influence of the Rural Cemetery Movement, cemeteries generally became viewed as a place for the general public to enjoy refined outdoor recreation. In Providence, the North Burial Ground was further landscaped. More land was added, along with curving roads and trees, to make the grounds more attractive to the living.
North Burial Ground has the burials of many notable Rhode Island residents, including governors, members of Congress, soldiers, millionaires, emancipated slaves, and literary figures:
- Daniel Abbott, deputy governor of Rhode Island colony
- Philip Allen, Governor of Rhode Island and U.S. Senator
- Zachariah Allen, prominent Providence mill owner and civic leader
- William B. Avery, Medal of Honor recipient
- Edward Mitchell Bannister, African American painter
- Chad Brown, early pastor of the First Baptist Church in America, progenitor of Brown family
- John Brown, merchant, U.S. Representative, slave trader, co-founder of Brown University
- John Nicholas Brown II, socialite and philanthropist
- Nicholas Brown, Jr., philanthropist and namesake of Brown University
- Kady Brownell, Civil War veteran
- Tristam Burgess, U.S. representative
- Esek Hopkins, The only chief of the Continental Navy during the Revolutionary War
- Jonathan Chace, U.S. senator
- John Hopkins Clark, U.S. senator
- Nicholas Cooke, governor of colony and state of Rhode Island during American Revolutionary War
- Fred Corey, Major League Baseball player
- Gregory Dexter, early president of Rhode Island colony
- Charles Dow, journalist, co-founder of Dow Jones & Company and founder of The Wall Street Journal
- Samuel Eddy, U.S. representative and Chief Justice of the Rhode Island Supreme Court.
- Arthur Fenner, Governor of Rhode Island from 1790 to 1805.
- James Fenner, U.S. senator from 1805 to 1807, Rhode Island governor from 1807 to 1811, 1824 to 1831 and 1843 to 1845
- Sam Walter Foss, librarian, poet
- John Brown Francis, governor and U.S. senator
- William Goddard (U.S. patriot/publisher), American Revolutionary War printer
- Stephen Hopkins, colonial governor, founding father, signatory of the Declaration of Independence
- Jeremiah Brown Howell, U.S. senator
- Richard Jackson, U.S. representative
- Horace Mann, educator, U.S. representative, and first president of Antioch College
- James Manning, delegate to the Confederation Congress
- Albert Martin (soldier) (memorial), soldier, only Rhode Islander to have fought at the Battle of the Alamo.
- Charles J. Martin, artist and arts instructor
- James B. Mason, U.S. representative
- Peter Mawney, colonel of Providence militia
- Augustus S. Miller (1847–1905), Mayor of Providence 1903-1905.
- Annie Smith Peck, pioneering woman mountaineer
- Darius Sessions, deputy governor of Rhode Island colony
- James F. Simmons, U.S. senator
- Henry J. Steere, philanthropist and manufacturer
- Joseph L. Tillinghast, U.S. representative
- Sarah Helen Whitman, poet, essayist, and a romantic interest of Edgar Allan Poe
Dexter family monument with governor's flags for Gregory Dexter, colonial President
Grave monument for Governor Stephen Hopkins, signer of the Declaration of Independence
Grave plaque for Governor Stephen Hopkins
DAR grave plaque for Sarah Hopkins, wife of Governor Stephen Hopkins
Governor Nicholas Cooke grave monument
Nicholas Cooke governor's medallion
Governor James Fenner mausoleum
James Fenner governor's medallion
John Whipple, early Providence settler whose remains were moved here from a family plot
- National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- Rogak, Lisa (2004). Stones and Bones of New England: A Guide to Unusual, Historic, and Otherwise Notable Cemeteries. Globe Pequot. p. 159.
- Hill, John (24 Jan 2015). "Providence's North Burial Ground is running out of room". The Providence Journal. Retrieved 25 January 2015.
- "ALLEN, Philip, (1785 - 1865)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved April 19, 2014.
- Perry, Amos (1883). Memorial of Zachariah Allen: 1795-1882. J. Wilson and son. p. 52.
- Rhode Island College
- "The Early Records of the Town of Providence, Volume 18" by Snow & Farnham Company, 1904.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to North Burial Ground (Providence, Rhode Island).|
- Rhode Island Cemeteries Database
- North Burial Ground: Famous people at Find a Grave
- Map of North Burial Ground at Scribd