North Cape (Norway)
Midnight sun at the North Cape
|Offshore water bodies||Barents Sea|
|Elevation||307 m (1,007 ft)|
North Cape (Norwegian: Nordkapp; Northern Sami: Davvenjárga) is a cape on the northern coast of the island of Magerøya in Northern Norway. The cape is in Nordkapp Municipality in Finnmark county, Norway. The European route E69 highway has its northern terminus at North Cape. The plateau is a popular tourist attraction. The cape includes a 307-metre-high cliff (1,007 ft) with a large flat plateau on top, where visitors, weather permitting, can watch the midnight sun and views of the Barents Sea to the north. North Cape Hall, a visitor centre was built in 1988 on the plateau. It includes a café, restaurant, post office, souvenir shop, a small museum and a super video cinema. 
The steep cliff of North Cape is located at North Pole. Nordkapp is often wrongly referred as the northernmost point of Europe. However, the neighbouring Knivskjellodden Cape, actually extends 1,450 m (4,760 ft) further north. Furthermore, both of these points are situated on an island, albeit one connected by road to the mainland. The northernmost point of mainland Europe is located at Cape Nordkinn (Kinnarodden) which lies about 5.7 km (3.5 mi) further south and about 70 km (43 mi) to the east. That point is located near the village of Mehamn on the Nordkinn Peninsula. The northernmost point of Europe including islands is hundreds of kilometres further north, either in Russia's Franz Josef Land or Norway's Svalbard archipelago, depending on whether Franz Josef Land is considered to be in Europe or in Asia., about 2,102.3 km (1,306.3 mi) from the
The North Cape is the point where the Norwegian Sea, part of the Atlantic Ocean, meets the Barents Sea, part of the Arctic Ocean. The midnight sun can be seen from 14 May to 31 July. The sun reaches its lowest point between 00:14 and 00:24 during those days.
The North Cape is reached by European route E69 highway through the North Cape Tunnel, an undersea tunnel connecting the island of Magerøya to the mainland. The EuroVelo bicycle route EV1 runs from North Cape to Sagres, Portugal—a 8,196-kilometre (5,093 mi) distance by land and sea.
Regular buses run from the nearby town of Honningsvåg to the North Cape (36 km (22 mi)), and coaches meet the many cruise ships that call at the port of Honningsvåg. The nearest airport is Honningsvåg Airport, Valan (IATA code: HVG).
It is possible to visit North Cape during winter, but the last stretch of road is only open for convoy driving at certain times. The road to North Cape is kept open during winter and is accessible to regular vehicles and drivers that both can cope with the hard snow and wind conditions that may occur in winter. Before this, E69 was the only winter-closed E road in Europe.
World War II
In 1943, the Battle of North Cape was fought in the Arctic Ocean off this cape, where the Nazi battleship Scharnhorst was eventually sunk by gunfire from the British battleship HMS Duke of York and torpedoes from the Norwegian destroyer HNoMS Stord, and other ships of the British Navy.
Admission fee controversy
As of 2011, an adult ticket cost between 160 and 235 kr. Often there is fog (since the plateau is above the common cloud base), which obscures the view. There is no discount for this situation, but the full price ticket is valid for multiple entries within 48 hours.
In 2000, and again in 2011, the Norwegian Ministry of the Environment responded to pressure from interest groups and asked Nordkapps VEL, the company that maintains the site, to reduce the admission fee to the plateau. Nordkapps VEL responded that the 8,000 daily visitors and distant location places great demands on the operations, maintenance and security of the facilities and natural features of the large site. The fee was not lowered, and has since been slightly increased.
Sport and leisure
The 2009 Trans Europe Foot Race started in Bari, Italy and finished at North Cape. The total distance was 4,485 kilometres.
The first stage of the 2014 Arctic Race of Norway was held on North Cape on 14 August 2014. The bicycle race started in Hammerfest, finishing on North Cape and was won by Norwegian, Lars Petter Nordhaug for LottoNL–Jumbo in a time of 4 hours 51 minutes 3 seconds.
- Svein Askheim. "Nordkapp". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved November 1, 2017.
- "The northernmost point of Europe". Innovation Norway. Retrieved November 1, 2017.
- Store norske leksikon. "Nordkapp fjell" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2013-02-13.
- Svein Askheim. "Magerøya". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved November 1, 2017.
- "Krangel om 235 kroner". E24 Næringsliv (in Norwegian). 2011-09-11. Retrieved 2018-01-27.
- Opening hours and Prices
- "Hammerfest/Nordkapp". Arctic Race of Norway. Amaury Sport Organisation. Retrieved 24 August 2014.
- Ny sykkelrekord
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|Wikisource has the text of the 1905 New International Encyclopedia article North Cape.|