North Carolina's 12th congressional district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
"NC-12" redirects here. NC-12 may also refer to North Carolina Highway 12.
North Carolina's 12th congressional district
North Carolina's 12th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
North Carolina's 12th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Alma Adams (DGreensboro)
Area 827 mi2
Distribution 88.5% urban, 11.5% rural
Population (2000) 619,178
Median income $35,775
Ethnicity 47.2% White, 44.6% Black, 2.1% Asian, 7.1% Hispanic, 0.4% Native American, 0.1% other
Occupation 32.1% blue collar, 51.9% white collar, 16.0% gray collar
Cook PVI D+23[1]

North Carolina's 12th congressional district is located in central North Carolina and comprises portions of Charlotte, Winston-Salem, Greensboro, Lexington, Salisbury, Concord, and High Point. It was one of two minority-majority Congressional districts created in the state in the 1990s. Since the 2000 census, it has had a small plurality of whites, though blacks make up a majority of its voting population.

North Carolina earlier had a twelfth seat in the House in the nineteenth century and in the mid-twentieth century (1943-1963).

Current district[edit]

The district was re-established after the 1990 United States Census, when North Carolina gained a House seat due to an increase in population. It was drawn in 1992 as one of two black majority (minority-majority) districts, designed to give blacks (who comprised 22% of the state's population at the time) the chance to elect a representative of their choice under Section 2 of the Voting Rights Act, which prohibited dilution of voting power of minorities.[2] In its original configuration, this was a 64 percent black-majority district stretching from Gastonia to Durham. It was very long and so thin at some points that it was no wider than a highway lane, as it followed Interstate 85 almost exactly.[3][4]

It was criticized as a racially gerrymandered district. For instance, the Wall Street Journal described the district "political pornography." The United States Supreme Court ruled in Shaw v. Reno, 509 U.S. 630 (1993) that a racial gerrymander may, in some circumstances, violate the Equal Protection Clause.

The state legislature had defended the two minority-majority districts as based on demographics, with the 12th representing the interior Piedmont area and the 1st the Coastal Plain.[2] Subsequently, the 12th district was redrawn several times and was adjudicated in the Supreme Court on two additional occasions.[2] The version created after the 2000 census was approved by the US Supreme Court in Hunt v. Cromartie. The district's current configuration dates from the 2000 census; it has a small plurality of whites. It was changed only slightly after the 2010 census. Blacks make up a large majority of registered voters and Hispanics constitute 7.1% of residents. In all its configurations, it has been a Democratic stronghold dominated by black voters in Charlotte and the Piedmont Triad.

On February 5, 2016, U.S. Circuit Judge Roger L. Gregory ruled that the district, along with the 1st,[5] must be redrawn,[6] and that race could not be a mitigating factor in drawing the district.[7]

List of representatives[edit]

Representative Party Years Electoral history
District created March 4, 1803
Col. Joseph Winston.jpeg Joseph Winston Democratic-Republican March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1807
No image.svg Meshack Franklin Democratic-Republican March 4, 1807 –
March 3, 1813
Redistricted to the 13th district
Pickensisrael.jpg Israel Pickens Democratic-Republican March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1817
Redistricted from the 11th district
No image.svg Felix Walker Democratic-Republican March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1823
No image.svg Robert B. Vance Jacksonian D-R March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
No image.svg Samuel P. Carson Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1833
JamesGrahamNC.jpg James Graham Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1837
Seat declared vacant March 29, 1836 - December 5, 1836
Whig March 4, 1837 –
March 4, 1843
District inactive March 3, 1843
District re-established January 3, 1943
No image.svg Zebulon Weaver Democratic January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1947
Redistricted from the 11th district
No image.svg Monroe M. Redden Democratic January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1953
No image.svg George A. Shuford Democratic January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1959
No image.svg David M. Hall Democratic January 3, 1959 –
January 29, 1960
Vacant January 29, 1960 –
June 25, 1960
Roy A. Taylor 93rd Congress 1973.jpg Roy A. Taylor Democratic June 25, 1960 –
January 3, 1963
Redistricted to the 11th district
District inactive January 3, 1963
District re-established January 3, 1993
Melvinwatt.jpg Mel Watt Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 6, 2014
Resigned to become head of the Federal Housing Finance Agency
Vacant January 6, 2014 –
November 12, 2014
North Carolina's 12th congressional district special election, 2014
Alma Adams official portrait.jpg Alma Adams Democratic November 12, 2014 –

Election results[edit]

Year Democratic Republican Libertarian
2002 Melvin L. Watt: 98,821 Jeff Kish: 49,588 Carey Head: 2,830  
2004 Melvin L. Watt: 154,908 Ada M. Fisher: 76,898  
2006 Melvin L. Watt: 71,345 Ada M. Fisher: 35,127  
2008 Melvin L. Watt: 215,908 Ty Cobb, Jr.: 85,814  
2010 Melvin L. Watt: 103,495 Greg Dority: 55,315 Lon Cecil: 3,197  
2012 Melvin L. Watt: 247,591 Jack Brosch: 63,317  

Historical district boundaries[edit]

2003 - 2013

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 113th Congress: 2004 & 2008" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. 2012. Retrieved 2013-01-10. 
  2. ^ a b c "North Carolina Redistricting Cases: the 1990s", National Conference of State Legislatures
  3. ^ "Electoral Vote Reforms". Archived from the original on 2007-08-04. 
  4. ^ "State Profile -- North Carolina". CNN. Retrieved May 20, 2010. 
  5. ^ Simpson, Ian (February 8, 2016). "Judges find two N. Carolina congressional districts racially gerrymandered". Reuters. Retrieved February 8, 2016. 
  6. ^ "Federal court invalidates maps of North Carolina's 1st, 12th congressional districts". Retrieved 2016-02-06. 
  7. ^ Press, The Associated. "Judges strike down 1st, 12th Districts". The Times. Retrieved 2016-02-06. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°38′47″N 80°26′33″W / 35.64639°N 80.44250°W / 35.64639; -80.44250