North Carolina's 9th congressional district

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North Carolina's 9th congressional district
North Carolina US Congressional District 9 (since 2017).tif
North Carolina's 9th congressional district - since January 3, 2017.
U.S. Representative
  Vacant
Distribution
  • 65.17[1]% urban
  • 34.83% rural
Population (2016)778,477[2]
Median income$61,369[3]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+8[4]

The 9th Congressional District of North Carolina is a Congressional district in south-central North Carolina. The district's current boundaries were redrawn in February 2016 after a U.S. District Court overturned the existing boundaries.[5] The new congressional district consists of Union, Anson, Richmond, Scotland and Robeson counties; a southeast portion of Mecklenburg County; and parts of Cumberland and Bladen counties.

Republicans have held this district since 1963. Republican Robert Pittenger had represented the district since January 2013. In the 2018 election, Mark Harris defeated Pittenger in the Republican primary. Harris was initially called as the winner of the general election, but the result was not certified pending an investigation into absentee ballot fraud.[6][7] On February 21, the Election Board unanimously voted to call for a new election.[8]

List of members representing the district[edit]

Representative Party Term Electoral history District location
District created March 4, 1793.
Thomas Blount Anti-Administration March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
Elected in 1793.
Re-elected in 1795.
Re-elected in 1796.
Lost re-election.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1799
Willis Alston Democratic-Republican March 4, 1799 –
March 3, 1803
Elected in 1798.
Re-elected in 1800.
Redistricted to the 2nd district.
Marmaduke Williams Democratic-Republican March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1809
Elected in 1803.
Re-elected in 1804.
Re-elected in 1806.
Retired.
[Data unknown/missing.]
James Cochran Democratic-Republican March 4, 1809 –
March 3, 1813
Elected in 1808.
Re-elected in 1810.
Retired.
Bartlett Yancey Democratic-Republican March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1817
Elected in 1813.
Re-elected in 1815.
[Data unknown/missing.]
[Data unknown/missing.]
Thomas Settle Democratic-Republican March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1821
[Data unknown/missing.]
Romulus Mitchell Saunders.jpg
Romulus M. Saunders
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1821 –
March 3, 1823
[Data unknown/missing.]
Crawford Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
[Data unknown/missing.]
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
Augustine H. Shepperd Jacksonian March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1833
[Data unknown/missing.]
Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1837
[Data unknown/missing.]
Whig March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
John Hill Democratic March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1841
[Data unknown/missing.]
Augustine H. Shepperd Whig March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
[Data unknown/missing.]
Kenneth Rayner Whig March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
Redistricted from the 1st district. [Data unknown/missing.]
NC-Congress-AsaBiggs.jpg
Asa Biggs
Democratic March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1847
[Data unknown/missing.]
David Outlaw Whig March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1853
[Data unknown/missing.]
District inactive March 3, 1853.
District re-established March 4, 1885.
Thomas D. Johnston Democratic March 4, 1885 –
March 3, 1889
[Data unknown/missing.]
HamiltonGEwart.jpg
Hamilton G. Ewart
Republican March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1891
[Data unknown/missing.]
William T. Crawford Democratic March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1895
[Data unknown/missing.]
Richmond Pearson Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1899
[Data unknown/missing.]
William T. Crawford Democratic March 4, 1899 –
May 10, 1900
Lost contested election.
Richmond Pearson Republican May 10, 1900 –
March 3, 1901
[Data unknown/missing.]
James M. Moody Republican March 4, 1901 –
February 5, 1903
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant February 5, 1903 –
March 3, 1903
Edwin Y. Webb f4ca6ebeee o.jpg
Edwin Y. Webb
Democratic March 4, 1903 –
November 10, 1919
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned.
Vacant November 10, 1919 –
December 16, 1919
Clyde Hoey.jpg
Clyde R. Hoey
Democratic December 16, 1919 –
March 3, 1921
[Data unknown/missing.]
Alfred Bulwinkle.png
Alfred L. Bulwinkle
Democratic March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1929
[Data unknown/missing.]
Charles A. Jonas Republican March 4, 1929 –
March 3, 1931
[Data unknown/missing.]
Alfred Bulwinkle.png
Alfred L. Bulwinkle
Democratic March 4, 1931 –
March 3, 1933
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 10th district.
Robert Lee Doughton.jpg
Robert L. Doughton
Democratic March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1953
Redistricted from the 8th district.
Hugh Quincy Alexander Democratic January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1963
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
James Broyhill.jpg
James T. Broyhill
Republican January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1969
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 10th district.
Charles R. Jonas.jpg
Charles R. Jonas
Republican January 3, 1969 –
January 3, 1973
Redistricted from the 8th district.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
James G. Martin (cropped).jpg
Jim Martin
Republican January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1985
Elected in 1972.
Re-elected in 1974.
Re-elected in 1976.
Re-elected in 1978.
Re-elected in 1980.
Re-elected in 1982.
Retired to run for North Carolina Governor.
AlexMcMillan.png
Alex McMillan
Republican January 3, 1985 –
January 3, 1995
Elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Re-elected in 1990.
Re-elected in 1992.
Retired.
Sue Myrick, Official Portrait 112th Congress.jpg
Sue Myrick
Republican January 3, 1995 –
January 3, 2013
Elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Re-elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Re-elected in 2010.
Retired.
[Data unknown/missing.]
2003–2013
Robert Pittenger, Official Portrait, 113th Congress.jpg
Robert Pittenger
Republican January 3, 2013 –
January 3, 2019
Elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Lost renomination.
2013–2017
2017–Present
Vacant January 3, 2019 –
Present
Election voided.[9]

2018 election[edit]

In a rematch on May 8, 2018, Robert Pittenger was defeated in the Republican primary by former pastor Mark Harris, whom he had beaten by 134 votes in the primary two years earlier.[10] Harris won 48.5 percent of the vote to Pittenger's 46.2 percent. Pittenger was the first congressional incumbent to lose his primary election in 2018.[11] The New York Times described the race between Harris and Dan McCready as a "top-tier contest".[12] A CBS News story calls the race "one of the most competitive".[13] On election day, Harris defeated McCready by 905 votes, but on November 27, 2018, the North Carolina State Board of Elections and Ethics Reform declined to certify the election results, citing voting irregularities involving absentee ballots.[14][15] The irregularities became the subject of a criminal investigation.[16]

Outlets such as the Associated Press[17] and FiveThirtyEight[18] subsequently retracted calling the race, pending the ultimate decision of the state board of elections. On December 1, the chair of the state elections board resigned, saying: "The investigation of criminal conduct and absentee voting fraud in the 2018 Republican primary and 2018 general election in congressional District 9 is a matter of vital importance to our democracy", adding that "I will not allow myself to be used as an instrument of distraction in this investigation".[19]

On November 30, the election board of the district decided to hear evidence about “claims of numerous irregularities and concerted fraudulent activities” at a meeting to be held by December 21. A finding of fraud could have resulted in a new election.[20] Democratic candidate McCready withdrew his earlier submitted electional concession on December 6.[21] Republican candidate Harris agreed for a new election to be held if allegations of election fraud could be proven by the election board to have possibly affected the contest's outcome.[22] The leader of the North Carolina Republicans, Robin Hayes, stated on December 11 that regardless to what extent election fraud could be proven to have altered the election, a new election would be necessary in the state's 9th Congressional District if investigators can verify a local newspaper report that early voting results in Bladen County also were leaked before Election Day.[23][24]

On December 28, the state court dissolved the state election board, before it had certified election results.[25][26] The election board's staff announced that it would continue the investigation, but delayed hearings until a new election board is seated, presumably on January 31.[27][28] Democratic Governor Roy Cooper's attempts to fill an interim board were overridden by the Republican-controlled legislature.[25] Incoming United States House of Representatives Majority Leader Steny Hoyer, a Democrat, announced that the House of Representatives will not seat Harris under any circumstances until the fraud investigation is completed.[29] Harris announced he would seek court intervention to have him immediately certified as the winner and stated his intention to join the 116th Congress on January 3.[30][31] However, Harris was not permitted to join the new Congress on January 3.

On February 21, the state board of elections voted to hold a new election, because, according to board chairman Bob Cordle, "irregularities and improprieties ... tainted the results ... and cast doubt on its fairness."[32] A newly passed law by the North Carolina state legislature will require holding new preceding primaries for the parties.[33]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Congressional Districts Relationship Files (state-based)". www.census.gov. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 9, 2018.
  2. ^ "My Congressional District". www.census.gov. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 9, 2018.
  3. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=37&cd=09
  4. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.[dead link]
  5. ^ "Session Law 2016-1". Retrieved May 30, 2016.
  6. ^ Morrill, Jim (November 27, 2018). "NC elections board refuses to certify 9th District race, leaving it in limbo". Charlotte Observer. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
  7. ^ Bock Clark, Doug (December 2, 2018). "Allegations of G.O.P. Election Fraud Shake North Carolina's Ninth District". The New Yorker. New York City, N.Y. Retrieved December 3, 2018.
  8. ^ "Mark Harris calls for new election in 9th district". newsobserver. Retrieved 2019-02-21.
  9. ^ "New election ordered in North Carolina House district after possible illegal activities". NBC News. Retrieved February 22, 2019.
  10. ^ Morrill, Jim (May 8, 2018). "Challenger Mark Harris stuns U.S. Rep. Pittenger of NC in GOP primary upset". Charlotte Observer. Charlotte, N.C. Retrieved May 12, 2018.
  11. ^ Weigel, David (May 8, 2018). "North Carolina GOP congressman loses primary, first House incumbent ousted". Washington Post. Retrieved May 12, 2018.
  12. ^ "We polled voters in North Carolina's 9th Congressional District". The New york Times. Retrieved October 23, 2018.
  13. ^ Segers, Grace (October 19, 2018). "North Carolina congressional race could be key in battle for the House". CBS News. Retrieved October 24, 2018.
  14. ^ Morrill, Jim (November 29, 2018). "'Tangled web' in Bladen County has questions swirling about votes in the 9th District". The Charlotte Observer. Charlotte, North Carolina. Retrieved November 30, 2018.
  15. ^ Gardner, Amy; Ross, Kirk (November 29, 2018). "Certification in limbo in N.C. House race as fraud investigation continues". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C. Retrieved November 30, 2018.
  16. ^ Durkin, Erin (5 December 2018). "North Carolina election still undecided amid absentee ballot fraud inquiry" – via www.theguardian.com.
  17. ^ "The Latest: AP Retracts call in North Carolina Congress race". AP. November 30, 2018. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  18. ^ Rakich, Nathaniel (November 30, 2018). "What The Heck Is Happening In That North Carolina House Race?". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  19. ^ Gardner, Amy (December 1, 2018). "North Carolina elections board chairman resigns, says he doesn't want his partisan views to hurt election fraud investigation". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  20. ^ Bock Clark, Doug (December 2, 2018). "Allegations of G.O.P. Election Fraud Shake North Carolina's Ninth District". The New Yorker. New York. Retrieved December 9, 2018.
  21. ^ "North Carolina: Democrat withdraws concession in congressional race". Associated Press. The Guardian. December 7, 2018. Retrieved December 9, 2018.
  22. ^ Bump, Philip (December 10, 2018). "Why fraud allegations throw the results in North Carolina's 9th District into doubt". The Washington Post. Washington D.C. Retrieved December 11, 2018.
  23. ^ Way, Dan (December 11, 2018). "NCGOP preparing to call for new election in 9th District". Carolina Journal. Raleigh, North Carolina. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
  24. ^ Nobles, Ryan (December 13, 2018). "Will Republicans abandon their candidate in North Carolina's 9th Congressional District?". CNN. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
  25. ^ a b Henderson, Bruce; Jarvis, Craig; Brosseau, Carli (2018-12-28). "9th District chaos: Cooper plans interim elections board, Harris asks to be named winner". The Charlotte Observer. Retrieved 2019-01-03.
  26. ^ Nobles, Ryan; Krieg, Gregory; Stracqualursi, Veronica; Cohen, Ethan (2018-12-28). "North Carolina elections board dissolves before certifying November results of 9th district race". CNN. Archived from the original on 2019-01-03. Retrieved 2019-01-03.
  27. ^ Dalesio, Emery P. (2019-01-02). "Hearing into North Carolina ballot fraud claims postponed". The Charlotte Observer. Retrieved 2019-01-03.
  28. ^ "Hearing On 9th District Investigation Delayed". WFAE. 2019-01-02. Archived from the original on 2019-01-03. Retrieved 2019-01-03.
  29. ^ "House leader says Democrats won't seat candidate in unresolved North Carolina race". AP via NBC News. 2018-12-28. Archived from the original on 2019-01-03. Retrieved 2019-01-03.
  30. ^ Gardner, Amy (2019-01-02). "GOP congressional candidate says he will ask N.C. court to certify his victory as election officials delay fraud hearing". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2019-01-03.
  31. ^ Morrill, Jim; Murphy, Brian (2019-01-02). "Mark Harris says he'll go to court as officials delay hearing on election fraud". The Charlotte Observer. Retrieved 2019-01-03.
  32. ^ Gardner, Amy (February 21, 2019). "N.C. board declares a new election in contested House race after the GOP candidate admitted misspeaking under oath". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
  33. ^ "North Carolina lawmakers override veto of elections bill". TheHill. Retrieved December 30, 2018.

Coordinates: 35°22′47″N 80°50′18″W / 35.37972°N 80.83833°W / 35.37972; -80.83833