North Carolina General Assembly of 1860–1861

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73rd North Carolina General Assembly (1860-1861)
1858–1859 1862–1863
NC State Capitol 1861.jpg
Overview
JurisdictionNorth Carolina, United States
Meeting placeState Capital building in Raleigh
Term1860–1861
North Carolina Senate
Members50 Senators
President of the SenateHenry Toole Clark
Party controlSouthern Democrats
House of Commons
Members120 Representatives
Speaker of the HouseWilliam Theophilus Dortch
Party controlSouthern Democrats

The North Carolina General Assembly of 1860–1861 met in Raleigh, North Carolina in regular session from November 19, 1860 to February 25, 1861. They met in extra sessions from May 1, 1861 to May 13, 1861 and from August 15, 1861 to September 23, 1861. This General Assembly decided that each county should vote for special delegates who would decide whether North Carolina should secede from the Union. On May 20, 1861, those special delegates convened in Raleigh and voted unanimously that the state would no longer be a part of the United States of America.[1][2][3][4]

Councilors of State[edit]

The following persons were elected as Councilors of State on December 20, 1860:[3]

  • John W. Cuningham Person
  • W. L. Hilliard
  • Council Wooten, Lenoir County
  • W. A. Ferguson
  • John J. Long
  • David Murphy
  • Jesse F. Graves, Surry County

Legislation[edit]

The general assembly passed numerous laws in 1860-1861, including the creation of Clay County from Cherokee County; creation of Mitchell County from Burke, Caldwell, McDowell, Watauga, and Yancey Counties; and the creation of Transylvania County from Henderson and Jackson Counties.[5]

The North Carolina Constitution was amended on May 20, 1861 to "dissolve the union between the State of North Carolina and the other states united with her under the compact of government entitled the Constitution of the United States of America."[6]

Members[edit]

House of Commons[edit]

Rep. Leonidas LaFayette Polk
Rep. Augustus Summerfield Merrimon
Rep. Matt Whitaker Ransom
Rep. Richard Spaight Donnell
Rep. Jesse Johnson Yeates

There were, per the North Carolina Constitution amended in 1825, 120 representatives in the House of Commons. Some counties had more representatives based on the county population. William T. Dortch was elected Speaker of the House of Commons. He served until he left to become the North Carolina Senator for the Congress of the Confederate States of America from 1862 to 1865. Nathan Neely Fleming was elected as Speaker after he departed. Edward Cantwell served as clerk. Eighty-two of the representatives were Southern Democrats.[2][3][4]

County No of Members in County Member's Name (party in 1860)
Alamance 2 Giles Mebane (Whig)[7]
Alamance 2 John Tapscott
Alexander 1 John M. Carson
Anson 2 Edward R. Liles
Anson 2 Leonidas LaFayette Polk (Whig)[8]
Ashe 1 Thomas N. Crumpler[9]
Ashe 1 James M. Gentry
Beaufort 2 William T. Marsh
Beaufort 2 Richard Spaight Donnell (Whig)[10]
Bertie 2 Peyton T. Henry
Bertie 2 John R. Ferguson
Bladen 1 Charles T. Davis
Brunswick 1 Thomas D. Meares
Buncombe 1 Augustus Summerfield Merrimon (Southern Democrat)[11]
Burke 1 John H. Pearson
Cabarrus 1 William S. Harris
Caldwell 1 William W. Dickson
Camden 1 Dennis D. Ferebee
Carteret 1 David W. Whitehurst
Caswell 2 John Kerr (Whig)[12]
Caswell 2 Elijah K. Withers
Caswell 2 Samuel P. Hill
Catawba 1 Jonas Cline
Chatham 3 Robert N. Green
Chatham 3 William P. Taylor
Chatham 3 Turner Bynum
Cherokee 1 George W. Hayes
Chowan 1 Richard H. Small
Cleveland 2 Abraham G. Waters
Cleveland 2 John R. Logan
Columbus  1 Nathan L. Williamson
Craven 2 Frederick E. Alfred
Craven 2 Charles C. Clark
Cumberland 3 James S. Harrington
Cumberland 3 John C. Williams
Cumberland 3 Clement G. Wright
Currituck 1 Burwell M. Baxter
Davidson 2 Edmund B. Clark
Davidson 2 Lewis Hanes
Davie 1 Henry B. Howard
Duplin 2 John D. Stanford
Duplin 2 James G. Branch
Edgecombe 2 Robert R. Bridges
Edgecombe 2 James S. Woodard
Forsyth 2 Philip Barrow
Forsyth 2 John F. Poindexter
Franklin 1 William F. Green
Gaston 1 James H. White
Gates 1 John Boothe
Granville 3 James M. Bullock
Granville 3 Samuel H. Cannady
Granville 3 William H.P. Jenkins
Greene 1 Arthur D. Speight
Guilford 3 Julius L. Gorrell
Guilford 3 Cyrus P. Mendenhall
Guilford 3 Charles E. Shober
Halifax 2 Archibald H. Davis
Halifax 2 William B. Pope
Haywood 1 Samuel L. Love
Henderson 1 Joseph P. Jordan
Hertford 1 Jesse Johnson Yeates (Southern Democrat)[13]
Hyde 1 Tillman Farrow
Iredell 2 Asa B.F. Gaither
Iredell 2 Absalom Knox Simonton
Jackson 1 James R. Love[14]
Jackson 1 Allen Fisher
Johnston 2 James Mitchiner
Johnston 2 William H. Watson
Jones 1 William P. Ward
Lenoir 1 John C. Wooten
Lincoln 1 John F. Hoke[15]
Lincoln 1 V. A. McBee
Macon 1 David W. Siler[16]
Macon 1 Henry G. Woodfin
Madison 1 John A. Fagg
Martin 1 Joshua L. Ewell
McDowell 1 Charles H. Burgin
Mecklenburg 2 Stephen W. Davis
Mecklenburg 2 John McK. Potts
Montgomery 1 Edmund G.L. Barringer
Moore 1 Alexander Kelly
Nash 1 Henry G. Williams
New Hanover 2 Samuel J. Person
New Hanover 2 Daniel Shaw
Northampton 2 Matthew Whitaker Ransom[17]
Northampton 2 William W. Peebles
Onslow 1 James H. Foy
Orange 2 Hugh B. Guthrie
Orange 2 William N. Patterson
Pasquotank 1 John T. Williams
Perquimans 1 Nathan Newby
Person 1 John D. Wilkerson
Pitt 2 Burton J. Albritton
Pitt 2 Churchill Perkins
Randolph  2 Isaac H. Foust
Randolph  2 Thomas L. Winslow
Richmond 1 John G. Blue
Robeson 2 Alexander McMillan
Robeson 2 Eli Wishart
Rockingham 2 Rawley Galloway
Rockingham 2 Thomas S. Slade
Rowan 2 Newberry F. Hall
Rowan 2 Nathan Neely Fleming
Rutherford 2 Champion T.N. Davis
Rutherford 2 Berryman H. Paget
Sampson 2 George W. Autrey
Sampson 2 Nehemiah C. Faison
Stanly 1 Lafayette Green
Stokes 1 Horatio P. Kallum
Surry 1 Harrison M. Waugh
Tyrrell 1 Charles McCleese
Union 1 Cyrus Q. Lemmond
Wake 3 Henry Mordecai
Wake 3 Sion H. Rigers
Wake 3 John P. H. Russ
Warren  2 Joseph B. Batchelor
Warren  2 William H. Clark
Washington 1 Charles Latham
Watauga 1 George N. Folk[18]
Watauga 1 Thomas Farthing
Wayne 2 William Theophilus Dortch (Speaker, Southern Democrat)[19]
Wayne 2 Marcus K. Crawford
Wilkes 2 Augustus H. Martin
Wilkes 2 Phineas T. Horton
Yadkin 1 Andrew C. Cowles
Yancey 1 Jacob Weaver Bowman[20]

Senate[edit]

Sen. Henry Toole Clark
Sen. Jonathan Worth
Sen. John Motley Morehead
Sen. Bedford Brown

Henry Toole Clark was elected Speaker or President of the Senate. As such, he was first in line of succession to the Governor since there was no Lieutenant Governor until 1868. When Governor John Willis Ellis died of tuberculosis on July 7, 1861, Senator Clark took over as Governor and remained in that position until September 8, 1862. He was thrust into this leadership position just as the U.S. Civil War started. Thirty-two of the Senators were Southern Democrats.[21]

The clerk of the Senate was J.W. Alspaugh. Senator William Holland Thomas was an adopted chief of the Eastern Band of the Cherokee Nation and represented their interests as he served in the Senate from 1849 to 1861.[4][3][1][22]

Senators William Waightstill Avery and John Motley Morehead served as delegates from North Carolina to the Provisional Congress of the Confederate States of America in the third through fifth sessions in 1861 and 1862.

The following table lists the Senators from the 50 Districts in North Carolina.[2][4][3]

District Counties Represented Senator (party) Home County
1 Pasquotank & Perquimans James M. Whedbee Perquimans
2 Camden & Currituck Benjamin T. Simmons Currituck
3 Chowan & Gates Mills H. Eure Gates
4 Hyde & Tyrrell Jones Spencer Tyrrell
5 Northampton Joseph M.S. Rogers Northampton
6 Hertford Joseph B. Slaughter Hertford
7 Bertie David Outlaw (Whig)[23] Bertie
8 Martin & Washington Jesse R. Stubbs Martin
9 Halifax Matthew Cary Whitaker Halifax
10 Edgecombe Henry Toole Clark (Southern Democrat, Speaker)[21] Edgecombe
11 Pitt Elias J. Blount Pitt
12 Beaufort Frederick Grist Beaufort
13 Craven Nathan H. Street Craven
14 Carteret & Jones M.F. Arendell Carteret
15 Greene & Lenoir James P. Speight Greene
16 New Hanover Eli W. Hall New Hanover
17 Duplin James Dickson Duplin
18 Onslow Lott W. Humphrey Onslow
19 Bladen, Brunswick, & Columbus John D. Taylor Brunswick
20 Cumberland Duncan Shaw Cumberland
21 Sampson Thomas I. Faison Sampson
22 Wayne William K. Lane Wayne
23 Johnston J.W.B. Watson Johnston
24 Wake Moses A. Bledsoe Wake
25 Nash A.G. Taylor Nash
26 Franklin Washington Harris Franklin
27 Warren Thomas J. Pritchard Warren
28 Granville C.H.K. Taylor Granville
29 Person C.S. Winstead Person
30 Orange Josiah Turner Jr. Orange
31 Alamance & Randolph Jonathan Worth (Southern Democrat)[24] Randolph
32 Chatham W.S. Harris Chatham
33 Montgomery & Moore Willis D. Dowd Moore
34 Richmond, & Robeson Alfred Dockery (Know Nothing)[25] Richmond
35 Anson & Union Samuel H. Walkup Union
36 Guilford John Motley Morehead (Whig)[26] Guilford
37 Caswell Bedford Brown (Southern Democrat)[27] Caswell
38 Rockingham Francis L. Simpson Rockingham
39 Mecklenburg John Walker Mecklenburg
40 Cabarrus & Stanly Victor C. Barringer Cabarrus
41 Davie & Rowan James G. Ramsay Rowan
42 Davidson John W. Thomas Davidson
43 Forsyth & Stokes John A. Waugh Forsyth
44 Ashe, Surry, Watauga, & Yadkin Joseph H. Dobson Surry
45 Alexander, Iredell, Wilkes Leander Q. Sharpe Iredell
46 Burke, Caldwell, & McDowell William Waightstill Avery (Southern Democrat)[28] Burke
47 Catawba, Gaston, & Lincoln J. Stowe Lincoln
48 Cleveland & Rutherford A.W. Burton Cleveland
49 Buncombe, Henderson, Madison, & Yancey Marcus Erwin Buncombe
50 Cherokee, Haywood, Jackson, & Macon William Holland Thomas[22] Jackson

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Lewis, J.D. "North Carolina State Senators 1860-1861". The American Revolution in North Carolina. Retrieved September 29, 2019.
  2. ^ a b c Lewis, J.D. "North Carolina State House 1860-1861". The American Revolution in North Carolina. Retrieved September 29, 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d e Connor, R.D.D. (1913). A Manual of North Carolina (PDF). Raleigh: North Carolina Historical Commission. Retrieved September 29, 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d Wheeler, John H. (1874). The Legislative Manual and Political Register of the State of North Carolina. Retrieved September 29, 2019.
  5. ^ "Public Laws Passed of the State of North Carolina Passed by the General Assembly of 1860-186". Raleigh, North Carolina: John Spelman, Printer of the State. 1861.
  6. ^ "North Carolina Constitution and Amendments". NHINET.ORG. Retrieved October 3, 2019.
  7. ^ Stokes, Durward T. (1991). "Giles Mebane". NCPedia. Retrieved September 29, 2019.
  8. ^ Noblin, Stuart (1994). "Leonidas Lafayette Polk". NCPedia. Retrieved September 29, 2019.
  9. ^ Resigned his seat to join the Conferate Army
  10. ^ Carraway, Gertrude S. (1986). "Richard Spaight Donnell". NCPedia. Retrieved September 29, 2019.
  11. ^ Bell, John L. Jr. (1991). "Augustus Summerfeld Merrimon". NCPedia. Retrieved September 29, 2019.
  12. ^ Resigned his seat
  13. ^ Parramore, T. C. (1996). "Jesse Johnson Yeates". NCPedia. Retrieved September 29, 2019.
  14. ^ Resigned his seat to join the Conferate Army
  15. ^ Resigned his seat after being appointed Adjutant General, joined the Confederate Army
  16. ^ Resigned his seat
  17. ^ Barrett, John G. (1994). "Matthew Whitaker Ransom". NCPedia. Retrieved September 29, 2019.
  18. ^ Resigned his seat, joined the Confederate Army
  19. ^ Yearns, Buck (1986). "William Theophilus Dortch". NCPedia. Retrieved September 29, 2019.
  20. ^ Hightower, Emily K. (1979). "Jacob Weaver Bowman". NCPedia. Retrieved September 29, 2019.
  21. ^ a b Iobst, Richard W. (1979). "Henry Toole Clark". NCPedia. Retrieved September 30, 2019.
  22. ^ a b McKinney, Gordon B. (1996). "William Holland Thomas". NCPedia. Retrieved September 30, 2019.
  23. ^ Littleton, Rebecca B. (1991). "David Outlaw". NCPedia. Retrieved September 29, 2019.
  24. ^ Zuber, Richard L. (1996). "Jonathan Worth". NCPedia. Retrieved September 29, 2019.
  25. ^ Fawcett, Michael J. (1986). "Alfred Dockery". NCPedia. Retrieved September 29, 2019.
  26. ^ Kearney, H. Thomas, Jr. (1991). "John Motley Morehead". NCPedia.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  27. ^ Jones, H. G. (1979). "Bedford Brown". NCPedia. Retrieved September 30, 2019.
  28. ^ Watson, Elgiva D. (1979). "William Waightstill Avery". NCPedia. Retrieved September 30, 2019.