North Carolina State Capitol
North Carolina State Capitol
|Location||1 E Edenton St, Raleigh, North Carolina|
|Architectural style||Greek Revival|
|Part of||Capitol Area Historic District (#78001978)|
|NRHP reference #||70000476|
|Added to NRHP||February 26, 1970|
|Designated NHL||November 6, 1973|
|Designated CP||April 15, 1978|
The North Carolina State Capitol is the former seat of the legislature of the U.S. state of North Carolina which housed all of the state's government until 1888. The Supreme Court and State Library moved into a separate building in 1888, and the General Assembly moved into the State Legislative Building in 1963. Today, the governor and their immediate staff occupy offices on the first floor of the Capitol.
The building was built following the destruction by fire of the first North Carolina State House in 1831, and today houses the offices of the Governor of North Carolina. It is located in the state capital of Raleigh on Union Square at One East Edenton Street. The cornerstone of the Greek Revival building was laid with Masonic honors by the Grand Master of North Carolina Masons Simmons Jones Baker on July 4, 1833. Construction was completed in 1840. It was designed primarily by the architectural firm of Ithiel Town and Alexander Jackson Davis. Often credited solely to that team, the design of the capitol was actually the result of a sequence of work by William Nichols, Sr. and his son William Nichols, Jr., Town and Davis, and then David Paton. The Capitol housed the entire state government until 1888, and the North Carolina General Assembly met in the capitol building until 1961. The legislature relocated to its current location in the North Carolina State Legislative Building in 1963. The North Carolina Supreme Court has also convened in the building in the past, most recently meeting in the capitol's senate chamber in 2005 while the Supreme Court Building was undergoing renovations. The Governor and the governor's immediate staff has continued to occupy offices in the building. The Capitol remains largely unaltered from its 1840 state. Only three rooms have been significantly altered through remodeling: the two committee rooms in the east and west wings of the second floor, which were divided horizontally to provide space for restrooms, and the office in the east wing of the first floor, part of which had to be cut away to permit space for an elevator to be installed in 1951. The Capitol was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1973 and the building is located in the Capitol Area Historic District.
- List of National Historic Landmarks in North Carolina
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Wake County, North Carolina
- List of state and territorial capitols in the United States
- National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Capitol (North Carolina)". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Archived from the original on 2007-08-22. Retrieved 2008-02-24.
- Smith, Claiborne T., Jr. (1979). Powell, William S., ed. Dictionary of North Carolina Biography. 1 (A-C). Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press. pp. 92–93. ISBN 0-8078-1329-X.
- "North Carolina Historic Sites: State Capitol". Raleigh, North Carolina: North Carolina Historic Sites. 2010-06-14. Retrieved 2011-02-04.
- "Nichols, William (1780-1853)". North Carolina Architects and Builders: A Biographical Directory. The NCSU Libraries Digital Scholarship and Publishing Center. Retrieved 2009-11-29.
- "Conservation and Preservation of the State Capitol Historic Site". North Carolina State Capitol Foundation. Retrieved 2015-05-14.
- North Carolina State Capitol Docent Manual. NC Division of State Historic Sites, NC Department of Cultural Resources, 4/2012
- Zehmer, Jack; Ingram, Sherry (April 22, 1970). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Capitol" (pdf). National Park Service. and Accompanying five photos, exterior and interior, from c. 1940 and 1969 (32 KB)
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