North Carolina State Monument (Gettysburg, Pennsylvania)
|Location||Seminary Ridge, Gettysburg National Military Park|
|Completion date||July 3, 1929|
The North Carolina Monument is a North Carolina memorial of the American Civil War commemorating the 32 Carolina regiments in action at the Battle of Gettysburg. The monument is a public artwork by American sculptor Gutzon Borglum located on Seminary Ridge, West Confederate Avenue, in the Gettysburg National Military Park.
Surrounded by dogwood trees (the North Carolina state flower), the monument features figures of North Carolina infantrymen advancing during Pickett's Charge, where fifteen infantry regiments from North Carolina participated and suffered heavy casualties. One man kneels injured on the ground, pointing towards the enemy with his proper left hand while two men wield guns and look forward. A fourth man holds a flag in both hands as he glances forward. The sculpture is signed "Gutzon Borglum 1929 (illegible) AKUNST FDY NYC". The back of the base is inscribed: "NORTH CAROLINA".
A 1913 North Carolina commission of Civil War veterans presented a monument proposal after visiting the Gettysburg Battlefield, and after World War I, the North Carolina United Daughters of the Confederacy and Governor Angus McLean continued the planning in 1927. with a commission visiting the battlefield on September 28, 1926.:'27 North Carolina appropriated $50,000[when?] to purchase and landscape the site and to commission Gutzon Borglum, who was approached while working on Mount Rushmore. Borglum designed the monument in Texas  and posed the Confederate flag designer (Orren Smith) as the flag bearer, while the other soldiers were sculpted from photographs of posed Confederate soldiers. Postponed from May 1929, the US Navy and 6th Field Artillery bands played at the monument's dedicationon July 3, 1929. By 1949, a glass-faced display at the site, and a wooden marker for the site was cut down by vandals in 1954. President Kennedy left his car to visit the monument in April 1963  prior to the rededication on the 100th anniversary. After a 1985 restoration required lifting by helicopter  for shipment to Cincinnati, a fence was added in 1993; and after the 1995 Smithsonian's Save Outdoor Sculpture! survey reported the sculpture needed treatment, the monument was rehabilitated in 1999.
- plaque west of sculpture, North Carolina State Monument, Gettysburg Battlefield, 1929[clarification needed]
- Save Outdoor Sculpture! (1995). "North Carolina Monument, (sculpture)". SOS. Smithsonian. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
- "Seminary Ridge". Virtual Tour – Day Two. National Park Service. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
- "The Gettysburg Commission Reports" (transcribed versions: 1893-1921, 1927-1933). Gettysburg Discussion Group. Retrieved 2010-02-04. (original formats: 1895, '96, '97, '89, 1901, '09, '13, '18)
- "State of North Carolina Monument". West Confederate Avenue Tour Part 2. Stone Sentinels. 1999. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
- "North Carolina State Monument". List of Classified Structures. National Park Service.