North Caucasian Federal District

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Coordinates: 43°42′41″N 44°48′22″E / 43.7114°N 44.8061°E / 43.7114; 44.8061

North Caucasian Federal District
Северо-Кавказский федеральный округ
Location of the North Caucasian Federal District
Location of the North Caucasian Federal District
Country Russia
Established19 January 2010
Administrative centrePyatigorsk
Government
 • Presidential EnvoyYury Chaika
Area
 • Total170,400 km2 (65,800 sq mi)
 • Rank8th
Population
 • Total9,428,826
 • Rank7th
 • Density55/km2 (140/sq mi)
 • Urban
49.2%[2]
 • Rural
50.8%[2]
Federal subjects7 contained
Economic regions1 contained
HDI (2019)0.795[3]
high · 8th
Websiteskfo.gov.ru

North Caucasian Federal District (Russian: Се́веро-Кавка́зский федера́льный о́круг, Severo-Kavkazsky federalny okrug) is one of the eight federal districts of Russia. It is located in extreme southern Russia, in the geographical area of the North Caucasus. The federal district was split from Southern Federal District on 19 January 2010.[4] The population of the federal subjects comprising the federal district was 9,428,826 according to the 2010 Census,[2] living in an area of 170,400 square kilometers (65,800 sq mi).[1] The current Envoy is Yury Chaika.

Dagestan landscape

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Demographics[edit]

Ethnic Russians constitute less than one-third of the total population at 2,854,040 (30.26%) according to the 2010 Census, but constitute a majority of 80% in Stavropol Krai and are at least 20% of the population in North Ossetia, Kabardino-Balkaria, and Karachay-Cherkessia. A diverse assortment of mostly Muslim Chechen speaking ethnic and tribal groups form the remainder. The North Caucasus Federal District is Russia's only Muslim-majority district, and is the only federal district that does not have an ethnic Russian majority.

According to the results of the 2010 census, according to Rosstat, the ethnic composition of the district is as follows:

Ethnicity Population
Russians 2,854,040 (30.26%)
Chechens 1,335,857 (14.17%)
Avars 865,348 (9.18%)
Dargins 541,552 (5.74%)
Kabardians 502,817 (5.33%)
Ossetians 481,492 (5.11%)
Kumyks 466,769 (4.95%)
Ingush 418,996 (4.44%)
Lezgins 396,408 (4.2%)
Karachais 211,122 (2.39%)
Armenians 190,825 (2.02%)
Laks 166,526 (1.77%)
Azerbaijanis 155,394 (1.65%)
Tabasaran 127,941 (1.36%)
Balkars 110,215 (1.17%)
Nogays 82,026 (0.87%)
Circassians 61,409 (0.65%)
Ukrainians 42,431 (0.45%)
Abaza 41,037 (0.44%)
Greeks 37,096 (0.39%)
Roma 36,465 (0.39%)
Turks 31,040 (0.33%)
Agula 29,979 (0.32%)
Rutulians 29,413 (0.31%)
Tatars 22,541 (0.24%)
Georgians 19,696 (0.21%)
Turkmen 15,750 (0.17%)
Koreans 12,551 (0.13%)
Tsakhurs 10,215 (0.11%)
Belarusians 9,217 (0.10%)
others 170,391 (1.81%)
did not indicate nationality 63,022 (0.67%)

Federal subjects[edit]

North Caucasian Federal District
The map and key are listed in Russian alphabetical order.
# Flag Coat of Arms Federal subject Area in
km2[1]
Population
2010 Census
Population
Jan 1, 2012
estimate
Capital/administrative center Map of Administrative Division
1 Flag of Dagestan.svg Coat of Arms of Dagestan.svg Republic of Dagestan 50,300 2,910,249 2,931,291 Makhachkala Russia Dagestan location map.svg
2 Flag of Ingushetia.svg Coat of Arms of Ingushetia.svg Republic of Ingushetia 3,600 412,520 429,458 Magas Outline Map of Ingushetia.svg
3 Flag of Kabardino-Balkaria.svg Coat of Arms of Kabardino-Balkaria.svg Kabardino-Balkarian Republic 12,500 859,939 859,149 Nalchik Outline Map of Kabardino-Balkaria.svg
4 Flag of Karachay-Cherkessia.svg Coat of Arms of Karachay-Cherkessia.svg Karachay-Cherkess Republic 14,300 477,859 474,787 Cherkessk Outline Map of Karachay-Cherkessia.svg
5 Flag of North Ossetia.svg Wapen Ossetien.svg Republic of North Ossetia-Alania 8,000 712,980 709,398 Vladikavkaz Outline Map of North Ossetia.svg
6 Flag of Stavropol Krai.svg Coat of arms of Stavropol Krai.svg Stavropol Krai 66,200 2,786,281 2,786,727 Stavropol Outline Map of Stavropol Krai.svg
7 Flag of Chechen Republic since 2004.svg Coat of Arms of Chechnya (2020-).svg Chechen Republic 15,600 1,268,989 1,303,423 Grozny Russia Chechen Republic location map.svg

Total fertility rate[edit]

  • 2005 – 1.64
  • 2010 – 1.99
  • 2015 – 1.98
  • 2019 – 1.78

Presidential plenipotentiary envoys[edit]

  1. Alexander Khloponin (19 January 2010 – 12 May 2014[5])[6]
  2. Sergey Melikov (12 May 2014 – 28 July 2016)[7]
  3. Oleg Belaventsev (28 July 2016 – 26 June 2018)[8]
  4. Aleksandr Matovnikov (26 June 2018 – 22 January 2020)[9]
  5. Yury Chaika (22 January 2020 – present)

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "1.1. ОСНОВНЫЕ СОЦИАЛЬНО-ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКИЕ ПОКАЗАТЕЛИ в 2014 г." [MAIN SOCIOECONOMIC INDICATORS 2014]. Regions of Russia. Socioeconomic indicators - 2015 (in Russian). Russian Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved July 26, 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved July 20, 2021.
  4. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе», в ред. Указа №82 от 19 января 2010 г «О внесении изменений в перечень федеральных округов, утвержденный Указом Президента Российской Федерации от 13 мая 2000 г. N 849, и в Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 12 мая 2008 г. N 724 "Вопросы системы и структуры федеральных органов исполнительной власти"». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Envoy of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District, as amended by the Decree #82 of January 19, 2010 On Amending the Registry of the Federal Districts Approved by the Decree #849 of the President of the Russian Federation of May 13, 2000 and the Decree #724 of the President of the Russian Federation of May 12, 2008 "Issues of the System and the Structure of the Federal Bodies of Executive Power". Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  5. ^ Kremlin's reshuffle in North Caucasus shows force trend in policies, experts say, Caucasian Knot, Moscow, 13 May 2014.Retrieved: 4 August 2014.
  6. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №83 от 19 января 2010 г. «О Заместителе Председателя Правительства Российской Федерации и полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в Северо-Кавказском федеральном округе». (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #83 of January 19, 2010 On the Deputy Chairperson of the Government of the Russian Federation and on the Plenipotentiary Envoy of the President of the Russian Federation in North Caucasian Federal District. ).
  7. ^ "Putin creates ministry for North Caucasus, makes new appointments". ITAR-TASS. Retrieved May 13, 2014.
  8. ^ "Путин подписал указ «О полномочном представителе президента РФ в Северо-Кавказском федеральном округе»" (in Russian). Echo of Moscow. July 28, 2016. Retrieved July 28, 2016.
  9. ^ "Игорь Холманских уволен с поста полпреда президента в Уральском федеральном округе" (in Russian). Meduza. June 26, 2018. Retrieved June 27, 2018.