North Central Province, Sri Lanka

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North Central Province
උතුරු මැද පළාත
வட மத்திய மாகாணம்
Location within Sri Lanka
Location within Sri Lanka
CountrySri Lanka
Created1873
Admitted14 November 1987
CapitalAnuradhapura
Largest CityAnuradhapura
Government
 • GovernorMaheepala Herath
Area
 • Total10,472 km2 (4,043 sq mi)
Area rank1st (16.31% of total area)
Population
 (2011 census)
 • Total1,259,567
 • Rank8th (5.91% of total pop.)
 • Density120/km2 (310/sq mi)
Gross Regional Product
 (2010)[1]
 • TotalRs 232 billion
 • Rank7th (4.8% of total)
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (Sri Lanka)
ISO 3166 codeLK-7
Vehicle registrationNC
Official LanguagesSinhalese, Tamil
Websitewww.nc.gov.lk

North Central Province (Sinhala: උතුරු මැද පළාත Uturumæda Paḷāta, Tamil: வட மத்திய மாகாணம் Wada Maththiya Mākāṇam) is one of the nine provinces of Sri Lanka, the first level administrative division of the country. The provinces have existed since the 19th century but did not have any legal status until 1987 when the 13th Amendment to the Constitution of Sri Lanka established provincial councils.[2][3] The province is the largest by size, and second least populated in the country.[1] The province consists of the districts of Anuradhapura and Polonnaruwa, both of which were important ancient Sri Lankan kingdoms. The climate is semi-arid, and the forests are dry evergreen forests.

History[edit]

The centralised system of Sri Lanka, which is a unitary state, failed to satisfy the aspirations of the people. There was growing insistence on decentralisation of administrative processes to achieve rapid economic and social development of the country.

In the Sri Lankan context, devolution means the transferring of political and administrative decision-making authority from the central government to elected bodies at the lower levels.

Demographics[edit]

Employment[edit]

Percentages of employed population (aged 15 years and above) by sector of employment and sex[4]
Employed Population Total Percentage Male Percentage Female
Government employee 100,045 76.1 23.9
Semi government employee 9,737 69.4 30.6
Private sector employee 84,916 72.7 27.3
Employer 7,176 83.9 16.1
Own account worker 231,848 80.4 19.6
Unpaid family worker 50,975 28.9 71.1
Total 484,697 72.6 27.4


Provincial council[edit]

The provincial council is the main administrative and control body in the North Central Province, which is the largest province in the country covering 16% of the country's total land area. It consists two districts, Polonnaruwa and Anuradhapure; Anuradhapure is the largest district in the country.

The province is also called Wew Bendi Rajje because there are more than 3000 medium and large scale tanks situated in the province. More than 65% of the province’s people depend on basic agriculture and agricultural based industries.

North Central Province has numerous potential for investors to start their businesses, specially agriculture, agricultural based industries and livestock sectors.

Administrative divisions[edit]

The North Central Province is divided into two districts and 29 divisional secretariats.

Districts[edit]

Administrative Districts of North Central Province
District Capital Area (km²) Population
Anuradhapura District Anuradhapura 7,128 856,232
Polonnaruwa District Polonnaruwa 3,293 403,335

Divisional secretariats[edit]

Divisional Secretariats of North Central Province, Sri Lanka
Administrative Divisions of North Central Province
Division District Population
(2001
census)
[5]
Nuwaragam Palatha East Anuradhapura 69,590
Nuwaragam Palatha Central Anuradhapura 60,828
Kekirawa Anuradhapura 58,879
Thalawa Anuradhapura 57,663
Nochchiyagama Anuradhapura 49,730
Medawachchiya Anuradhapura 46,743
Galenbindunuwewa Anuradhapura 46,527
Thambuttegama Anuradhapura 42,143
Kahatagasdigiliya Anuradhapura 40,137
Ipalogama Anuradhapura 38,688
Horowpothana Anuradhapura 36,714
Rambewa Anuradhapura 36,426
Mihinthale Anuradhapura 35,160
Galnewa Anuradhapura 34,718
Palagala Anuradhapura 33,740
Rajanganaya Anuradhapura 33,434
Thirappane Anuradhapura 26,962
Nachchadoowa Anuradhapura 25,569
Padaviya Anuradhapura 22,924
Kebithigollewa Anuradhapura 22,227
Mahavilachchiya Anuradhapura 22,183
Palugaswewa Anuradhapura 15,557
Dimbulagala Polonnaruwa 79,661
Thamankaduwa Polonnaruwa 68,526
Medirigiriya Polonnaruwa 65,575
Hingurakgoda Polonnaruwa 64,289
Elahera Polonnaruwa 43,915
Lankapura Polonnaruwa 36,452
Welikanda Polonnaruwa 33,770

Municipal Councils[edit]

Municipal Councils of North Central Province
Municipality District Area (ha) Population
(2001
census)
[6]
Anuradhapura Anuradhapura 5140.3 60,943
Polonnaruwa Polonnaruwa 3891.92 13,900

Towns[edit]

Education[edit]

Anuradhapura[edit]

Polonnaruwa[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b :.News Line : North, East record highest GDP growth rate Archived 2012-06-20 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "Provinces of Sri Lanka". Statoids.
  3. ^ "Provincial Councils". Government of Sri Lanka.
  4. ^ "Sri Lanka Census of Population and Housing, 2011". Department of Census and Statistics, Sri Lanka. Department of Census and Statistics, Sri Lanka. Retrieved 3 September 2021.
  5. ^ "Population of principal towns by sex, census years" (PDF). Statistical Abstract 2011. Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka.
  6. ^ "Population of principal towns by sex, census years" (PDF). Statistical Abstract 2011. Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka.

External links[edit]