North Central Province, Sri Lanka

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North Central Province

උතුරු මැද පළාත
வட மத்திய மாகாணம்
Location within Sri Lanka
Location within Sri Lanka
CountrySri Lanka
Admitted14 November 1987
Largest CityAnuradhapura
 • GovernorMaheepala Herath
 • Total10,472 km2 (4,043 sq mi)
Area rank1st (16.31% of total area)
 (2011 census)
 • Total1,259,567
 • Rank8th (5.91% of total pop.)
 • Density120/km2 (310/sq mi)
Gross Regional Product
 • TotalRs 232 billion
 • Rank7th (4.8% of total)
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (Sri Lanka)
ISO 3166 codeLK-7
Vehicle registrationNC
Official LanguagesSinhalese, Tamil

North Central Province (Sinhala: උතුරු මැද පළාත Uturumeda Palata, Tamil: வட மத்திய மாகாணம் Wada Maththiya Maakaanam) is one of the nine provinces of Sri Lanka, the first level administrative division of the country. The provinces have existed since the 19th century but did not have any legal status until 1987 when the 13th Amendment to the Constitution of Sri Lanka established provincial councils.[2][3] The province is the largest by size, and second least populated in the country[1]. The province consists of the districts of Anuradhapura and Polonnaruwa, both of which were important ancient Sri Lankan kingdoms. The climate is semi-arid, and the forests are dry evergreen forests.


The centralised system of Sri Lanka, which is a unitary state, failed to satisfy the aspirations of the people. There was growing insistence on decentralisation of administrative processes to achieve rapid economic and social development of the country.

In the Sri Lankan context, devolution means the transferring of political and administrative decision-making authority from the central government to elected bodies at the lower levels.



The instruments of devolution:

(i) The Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution (1987) and

(ii)The Provincial Councils Act No 42 of 1987

The Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution provides for -

  • The establishment of Provincial Councils
  • The appointment and powers of the Governor of Provinces
  • Membership and tenure of Provincial Councils
  • The appointment and powers of the Board of Ministers
  • The legislative powers of the Provincial Councils
  • Alternative arrangements where there is a failure in the administrative machinery
  • The establishment of the High Court of the Province
  • The establishment of the Finance Commission

Provincial council[edit]

Provincial council is the main administrative and control body of the North Central Province which is the largest province in the country covered 16% of total country's land area. It consists two districts called Polonnaruwa and Anuradhapure; Anuradhapure is the largest district in the country. NCP also called Wew Bendi Rajje because there are more than 3000 medium and large scale tanks situated in the province. More than 65% of NCP's people depend on basic Agriculture and agro base industries.

North Central Province has numerous potential for investors to start their businesses, specially agriculture, agro based industries and livestock sectors.

Administrative units[edit]

The two districts of the North Central Province.


Administrative Divisions of North Central Province
district Capital Area (km²) Population
Anuradhapura District Anuradhapura 7,128 856,232
Polonnaruwa District Polonnaruwa 3,293 403,335




See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b :.News Line : North, East record highest GDP growth rate Archived 2012-06-20 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "Provinces of Sri Lanka". Statoids.
  3. ^ "Provincial Councils". Government of Sri Lanka.

External links[edit]