North China Transportation Company

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
North China Transportation Co., Ltd.
華北交通株式会社
Native name
華北交通株式会社
Kahoku Kōtsū Kabushiki Kaisha
Huáběi Jiāotōng Zhūshì Huìshè
Kabushiki kaisha
IndustryRailway, Transportation
Founded1938
Defunct1945
Headquarters,
Area served
east-central China
ServicesRailway transport, Bus transport
Total equity50 million yen
Number of employees
110,000

The North China Transportation Company (華北交通株式会社, Japanese: Kahoku Kōtsū Kabushiki Kaisha, Chinese: Huáběi Jiāotōng Zhūshì Huìshè) was a transportation company in the territory of the collaborationist Provisional Government of the Republic of China during the Japanese occupation.

History[edit]

After Japan occupied a large part of northern China during the Sino-Japanese War, it set up a puppet government known as the Provisional Government of the Republic of China. In 1938, the Provisional Government nationalised the various railway and bus companies in its jurisdiction, after which the South Manchuria Railway set up a subsidiary, called the North China Transportation Company, to operate the railways and bus services within the Provisional Government's territory. With its headquarters in Beijing, the NCTC at its peak employed 110,000 people, of which 70% were Chinese. The company was liquidated in 1945 following Japan's defeat in the Pacific War, and the railways were taken over by the China Railway.

Amongst the railway companies that were nationalised were:

Routes[edit]

Rolling Stock[edit]

A Ya1 class boxcar of the North China Transportation Company.

Locomotives of the North China Transportation Company used the same classification system used by the South Manchuria Railway between 1938 and 1945.

Locomotives[edit]

Standard gauge[edit]

Class Numbers Original owner Original
class & numbers
Wheel
arr.
Builder Total
in class
Year built Image Notes
アメニ
Ameni
1501−1506~ Beining Railway Class 40: 41−46~ 4-4-0 Baldwin >6 1879 PNR-46-cr-am2.jpg [1]
ダブサ
Dabusa
1501−1504 Jingsui Railway ? 2-6-4T Baldwin 4 1906 Jingsui--db3.jpg [2]
ダブシ
Dabushi
1501−1504~ Jingsui Railway Class 20: 21−24~ 2-6-4ST Dübs and Company >4 1892 BeiningRy-24.jpg [3]
デカサ
Dekasa
1501−1507 Longhai Railway Class 600: 601−607 2-10-0 Shahekou, Kisha Seizō 7 1937 LonghaiRy-605.jpg [4]
エトサ
Etosa
1501− Jiaoji Railway ? 0-8-0 Japan [5]
エトシ
Etoshi
1501− Jiaoji Railway 0-8-0 Henschel ? 1905 JiaojiRy--et4.jpg [6]
ホネイ
Honei
1501−1508~ Jiaoji Railway Class 10: 11−18~ 0-6-2T Borsig >8 1900 JiaojiRy--fn.jpg Forney locomotive.[7]
ホネニ
Honeni
1501−1507~ Beining Railway Class 47: 47−53~ 0-6-2T Baldwin >7 1897 BeiningRy-47.jpg Forney locomotive.[8]
マレイ
Marei
1501−1504 Jingsui Railway Class 20: 21−24 0-6-6-0 North British 4 1908 [9]
マレニ
Mareni
1501−1504 Jingsui Railway Class 70: 71−74 2-4-4-2 Baldwin 4 1911 JingsuiRy-73.jpg [10]
マレサ
Maresa
1501−1507 Jingsui Railway Class 90: 91−97 2-8-8-2 ALCo 7 1914 JingsuiRy-93.jpg Superheated.[11]
マレシ
Mareshi
1501−1507 Jingsui Railway Class 200: 201−207 2-8-8-2 ALCo 7 1921 JingsuiRy-201.jpg Largest steam locomotives exported from the United States; used on Badaling slope.[12][13]
ミカイ
Mikai
1501−1520 Manchukuo National ミカナ16718−16736, 16739 2-8-2 Kisha Seizō, Nippon Sharyō, Hitachi, Kawasaki, Sifang 270 1938 Mnr-mikana6782 (mikai583).png "New National Big Mika" (新國大ミカ). First 20 transferred from Manchukuo National Railway.[14]
1521−1769 new for NCTC -- 1939−1945 "New National Big Mika" (新國大ミカ). New for NCTC.
ミカコ
Mikako
incl. 1572 Jichang Railway ? 2-8-2 Kawasaki ? 1923−1928 Nctc-mikako1572.jpg Transferred from Manchukuo National.[15]
ミカロ
Mikaro
1501−1505 Manchukuo National ミカロ640–644 2-8-2 Kisha Seizō, others 120 1938−1944 Mnr-mikaro643.png First five transferred from Manchukuo National in 1938.[14]
1506−1620 new for NCTC -- 72 of the 115 new for NCTC were built by Kisha Seizō in 1938-1939 and 1943-1944.
ミカナ
Mikana
1501−1524 Jingfeng Railway 201−224 2-8-2 North British, Tangshan Arsenal 21+ 1913−1924 Peipingmukdenry-221.jpg Built by North British, assembled by Tangshan.[9]
1541−1590 Jinpu Railway MK xxx 2-8-2 ALCo 50 1918−1920, 19xx Jinpury-mk-nctc-mikana158x.jpg [16]
1601−1646 Jingsui Railway Class 300: 301−346 2-8-2 ALCo 46 1922 [16]
1651−1654~ Jiaoji Railway Class 600: 601−604 2-8-2 Hudswell Clarke, Shahekou >4 1931 Jiaojirly604.jpg [16]
ミカハ
Mikaha
1501−1545 new for NCTC -- 2-8-2 Škoda 45 1939 Jf13-3851.jpg [17]
モガイ
Mogai
1501−1508 Beining Railway Class 140: 141−148 2-8-2 North British/Tangshan 8 1903−1908 [9]
1511−1532 Class 150: 151−172 22 1914−1916 [9]
モガニ
Mogani
1501−1512 Beining Railway Class 60: 61−72 2-6-0 Baldwin 12 1897−1899 BeiningRy-67.jpg [18]
1521−1526 Jinghan Railway ? Rogers 6 1900−1903 [9]
モガサ
Mogasa
1501−1533 Beining Railway Class 90: 91−123 2-6-0 Dübs/North British/Tangshan 33 1900–1903 BeiningRy-102.jpg [9][19]
モガシ
Mogashi
1501−1510 Jingsui Railway Class 10: 10−19 2-8-2 North British/Tangshan 10 1908−1909 Mogul 2-6-0 locomotive at Jingzhang railway.jpg Built by North British, assembled by Tangshan.[9]
1511−1538 Jinpu Railway ? Baldwin 28 1909 PMR--MG4.jpg [9]
1541−1552 ? North British/Tangshan 12 1910 [9]
1561−1564 Beining Railway ? North British/Tangshan 4 1919−1920 [9]
1571−1581 Class 230: 231−241 North British/Tangshan 11 1923−1928 [9]
モガコ
Mogako
1501−1537 Jinghan Railway ? 2-6-0 Fives-Lille 37 1902−1905 JinghanRy--MG5.jpg [20]
1541−1543 Class 1400: 1400−1402 Saint-Léonard 3 1905 JinghanRy-1400.jpg [21]
モガロ
Mogaro
1501−1503~ Jinghan Railway Class 100: 101−103~ 2-6-0 Fives-Lille >3 1901 JinghanRy-103.jpg [22]
モガナ
Mogana
1501−1506 Jinpu Railway ? 2-6-0 Hanomag 6 1910−1911 [23]
1511−1524 Class 30: 30−43 Humboldt 14 1911? JinpuRy-31.jpg [23]
モガハ
Mogaha
1501−1515 Longhai Railway ? 2-6-0 Vulcan (UK) 15 1916−1919 [9][24]
モガク
Mogaku
1501−15xx Jinghai Railway Class 90: 91−x 2-6-0 Baldwin ? 1901
モガ_
Moga_
1501−1502 Daoqing Railway ? 2-6-0 ALCo 2 1913, 1918 [9]
パシイ
Pashii
1501−1520 Jingsui Railway ? 4-6-2 ALCo 20 192x [9]
1521−1530 Beining Railway Class 180: 180−189 Baldwin 10 1920−1925 [25]
1531−1540 Jiaoji Railway Class 400: 400−409 ALCo 10 1921−1924 [25]
パシサ
Pashisa
1501–1520 new for NCTC -- 2-8-2 Hitachi 20 1938 "New National Small Pashi" (新國小パシ).
1521–1550 Kisha Seizō 30 1939−1940 Northchinatpt-pashisa1523.png "New National Small Pashi" (新國小パシ).
パシロ
Pashiro
1501−1512 MNR パシロ566–569, 571–578 2-8-2 Kawasaki, Nippon Sharyō, Hitachi 12 1937 Superheated express passenger locomotives. First 12 transferred from Manchukuo National.
1513−1589 new for NCTC -- Kawasaki 57 1941–1944 Northchinatpt-pashiro1532.png
パシナ
Pashina
1501−1512 Jinpu Railway ? 2-8-2 ALCo 12 1921 [9]
1521−1528 Class 410: 410−417 North British 8 1933 [25]
プレコ
Pureko
1501−1510 Beining Railway ? 2-6-2T North British 10 1887 [9]
1511−1516 ? 2-6-2 6 1914 [9]
1521−1522 Jingsui Railway ? 2-6-2ST 2 1908 [9]
プレロ
Purero
15xx Beining Railway Class 20: 20−24 2-6-2T North British/Tangshan 17 1921−1925 [9]
15xx Beining Railway Class 25: 25−xx 2-6-2 ? 1923−1927 BeiningRy--PL12.jpg [9][26]
15xx Class 150: 150−154~ 2-6-2 Baldwin ? 1914 [9]
15xx incl. 1529 ? 2-6-2T North British/Tangshan ? 1891−1896 Purero1529.jpg [9]
プレナ
Purena
15xx Jingsui Railway ? 2-6-2 Baldwin ? 1921 [9]
15xx ? ? 1909 [9][27]
プレハ
Pureha
1501−15xx Jingsui Railway ? 2-6-2 Baldwin ? 1911 [9]
プレク
Pureku
1501−1540 Jinghan Railway ? 2-6-2 Franco-Belge 40 1920−1923 JinghanRy--PL9.jpg [9][28]
1541−1555 Class 20: 20−34 Škoda 15 1936 JinghanRy-22.jpg [9][29]
1561−1570 Class 350: 350−359 Lima 10 1920−1922 [9]
プレチ
Purechi
1501−1505 Longhai Railway Class 50: 51−55 2-6-2T Tubize 5 1914 LonghaiRy-52.jpg [9][30]
?? (Shay) 1501−1506 Jingsui Railway Class 25: 25−30 2+2+2 Lima 6 1909−1912 MCRR Three Truck Shay Number-9 001.JPG 3-truck (Class C) Shay locomotive.[9]
サタイ
Satai
1501−1506 Manchukuo National ダブロ xxx 2-10-2T Škoda 6 1929−1930 Yer' KVZhD.jpg Originally CER class Ь 4001-4007, broad gauge; converted to standard gauge by MNR and transferred to NCTC.[9][31]
1507 Kawasaki 1 1930
サタニ
Satani
1501−1510 Jinpu Railway ? 2-10-2 Krupp 10 1935 Dampflok 45.jpg Similar to DRG Class 45.[32]
サタサ
Satasa
1501 Longhai Railway ? 2-10-2 Tubize 1 1937 LonghaiRy--ST3.jpg [33]
シカコ
Shikako
1501−15xx Jinghan Railway Class 60: 60−xx 0-6-0T Cockerill ? 1901 Jinghan-61.jpg [9][34]
ソリニ
Sorini
1501−1508 Longhai Railway ? 2-8-0 Tubize 8 1925 NCTC-Sorini-1503.jpg [9][35]
1511−15xx ? SACM ? 1935−1936 LonghaiRy--KD2.jpg [36]
ソリシ
Sorishi
1501−1518 Huning Ry ? 2-8-0 ? 18 1919
(to China)
Seer Green geograph-2521468-by-Ben-Brooksbank.jpg 18 ROD 2-8-0 bought by Huning Railway in 1919.[9]
1519−1521 Shenhai Railway ? North British 3 1926
(to China)
3 ROD 2-8-0 bought by Shenhai Railway in 1926.[9]
1522−1537 Beining Railway ? Baldwin 16 1920 [9]
ソリコ
Soriko
1501−1650 JGR various 2-8-0 Kawasaki, Kisha Seizō, JGR Ogura Works 150 1938−1939
(to China)
Kaohsiung Taiwan Steam-Locomotice-DT-609-01.jpg JGR Class 9600 locomotives converted to standard gauge and delivered to NCTC.[37]
ソリナ
Sorina
1501−1510 Jinghan Railway ? 2-8-0 ALCo 10 1917 [9]
テホニ
Tehoni
1501−1506 Jiaoji Railway Class 70: 70−75 4-6-0 Vulcan Stettin 6 1910−1911 [38]
1507−1523 ? 17 1901−1905 NCTC-Tehoni1521.jpg
1524−1535 Jinpu Railway ? Hawthorn Leslie 12 1910 [9]
テホサ
Tehosa
1501−1510~ Beining Railway Class 110: 110−119~ 4-6-0 North British/Tangshan >10 1910−1919 BeiningRy-117.jpg Rebuilt with superheaters in the late 1930s.[9][39]
テホシ
Tehoshi
1501−1505 Jiaoji Railway Class 300: 301−305 4-6-0 Schwartzkopff 5 1913 JiaojiRy-30x.jpg [40]
テホコ
Tehoko
1501−1511~ ? ? 4-6-0 Henschel, Hanomag >11 1910−1913 NCTC-Tehoko-1511.jpg [41]
テホロ
Tehoro
1501−1510 Jinghan Railway ? 4-6-0 Tubize? 10 1913−1914 [42]
テホナ
Tehona
1501−1532 Jinghan Railway Class 200: 201−232 4-6-0 France 32 1904−1907 NCTC-Tehona-1510.jpg [43]
1541−1550 Longhai Railway ? 10 1909 [9]

Narrow gauge[edit]

Class Numbers Original owner Original
class & numbers
Wheel
arr.
Builder Total
in class
Year built Image Notes
デカA
DekaA
1501−1550~ Tongpu Railway Class 300: 300−349 2-10-0 Henschel ~50 1937 TongpuRy-324.jpg 1000 mm. [44]
デカB
DekaB
1501−1550~ Tongpu Railway Class 350: 350−399~ 2-10-0 Kisha Seizō, Hitachi ~50 1936 TongpuRy-357.jpg 1000 mm.[45]
ホネA
HoneA
1501−1530 Zhengtai Railway Class 100: 100−129 0-6-2T Fives-Lille ? 1906 ZhengtaiRy-109--fn51.jpg 1000 mm. Forney locomotive.[9]
モガA
MogaA
1501−15xx Tongpu Railway Class 100: 100−1xx 2-6-0 ALCo <10 1908 [9]
モガB
MogaB
1501−1503~ Tongpu Railway Class 110: 110−112~ 2-6-0 Henschel >3 1934−1935 TongpuRy-112.jpg 1067 mm.[46]
モガC
MogaC
1501−15xx Japanese Government Railways Class 8620: 78625, others? 2-6-0 Kawasaki
(78625)
? 1924
(78625)
JNR 8620 SteamLoco Triple header.jpg 1067 mm.[9] JGR Class 8620 supplied second-hand after 1938.
プレA
PureA
1501−1560 Japanese Government Railways Class C12: ? 2-6-2T Kawasaki, others 60 1938−1939
(to China)
JNR C12 41.jpg 1067 mm. JGR Class C12 converted to 1000 mm and shipped to NCTC.[9]
プレB
PureB
1501−1502 ? ? 2-6-2 Kawasaki 2 1923, 1927 [9]
シカ
Shika
1501−1505~ Tongpu Railway LCK10 0-6-0T Barclay 1? 1913 Lck10.jpg 1067 mm.[47]
LCK20 Vulcan Iron Works (UK) 1? 1910 Taiwan formosa vintage history travel trains taipics012.jpg 1067 mm.[48]
5−x Japan >1 1921 [9]
Zhengtai Railway Class 10: 11~ France >1 1905 Zhengtai-11.jpg [49]
ソリA
SoriA
1501−1526 Japanese Government Railway Clasa 9050: ? 2-8-0 various 26 1937−1938
(regauged)
JGR-9050SL.jpg 1067 mm. JGR Class C12 converted to 1000 mm and shipped to NCTC.

Services[edit]

Observation car formerly used on the Tairiku Express, now preserved at the Beijing Railway Museum.
The same observation car in service on the Tairiku at Gyeongseong, Korea.

The North China Transportation Company ran a number of long-distance trains, both within China and in conjunction with the South Manchuria Railway and the Chosen Government Railway. Notable trains include the "Tairiku" ("Continental") and "Kōa" limited express trains between Beijing and Busan, Korea. The "Tairiku" entered service in 1938, making the trip from Busan to Beijing in 37.5 hours in 1940; the train was discontinued in 1944. The observation car used on this train is preserved at the Beijing Railway Museum. The "Kōa" was put into operation in 1939, making the same trip in 39.5 hours in 1940, but by 1945 the trip took 49 hours. The "Kōa" was discontinued after the Japanese defeat in the Pacific War.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 我们的火车站 (AM2)
  2. ^ 我们的火车站 (DB3)
  3. ^ 我们的火车站 (DB4)
  4. ^ 我们的火车站 (DK3)
  5. ^ 我们的火车站 (ET3)
  6. ^ 我们的火车站 (ET4)
  7. ^ 我们的火车站 (FN1)
  8. ^ 我们的火车站 (FN2)
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at 万国牌蒸汽机车型号
  10. ^ 我们的火车站 (ML2)
  11. ^ 我们的火车站 (ML3)
  12. ^ 我们的火车站 (ML4)
  13. ^ 中國鐵路蒸汽機車大事記(1865-2000)
  14. ^ a b Kokubu, Hayato. 将軍様の鉄道 [Shōgun-sama no Tetsudō] (in Japanese). 新潮社 (Shinchosha). p. 107. ISBN 978-4-10-303731-6.
  15. ^ 解放型蒸汽機車
  16. ^ a b c 解放型蒸汽机车
  17. ^ JF13型蒸汽机车
  18. ^ 我们的火车站 (MG2)
  19. ^ 我们的火车站 (MG3)
  20. ^ 我们的火车站 (MG5)
  21. ^ http://vfl.ru/fotos/fceed73d15142636.html
  22. ^ 我们的火车站 (MG6)
  23. ^ a b 我们的火车站 (MG7)
  24. ^ MG型35号蒸汽机车
  25. ^ a b c 勝利型蒸汽機車
  26. ^ 我们的火车站 (PL12)
  27. ^ 站台票欣赏——蒸汽机车生肖站台票
  28. ^ 我们的火车站 (PL9)
  29. ^ 我们的火车站 (PL9-2)
  30. ^ 我们的火车站 (PL10)
  31. ^ [Historie - Škoda Transportation a.s.]
  32. ^ 我们的火车站 (ST2)
  33. ^ 我们的火车站 (ST3)
  34. ^ 我们的火车站 (XK5)
  35. ^ 我们的火车站 (KD2)
  36. ^ 我们的火车站 (KD2-2)
  37. ^ 中国蒸汽機車世紀集影 (Centennial Collection of Chinese Steam Locomotives), China Railway Publishing House, July 2001, ISBN 7-113-04148-5 (in Chinese)
  38. ^ 我们的火车站 (TH2)
  39. ^ 我们的火车站 (TH3)
  40. ^ 我们的火车站 (TH4)
  41. ^ 我们的火车站 (TH5)
  42. ^ 我们的火车站 (TH6)
  43. ^ 我们的火车站 (TH7)
  44. ^ 我们的火车站 (DK51)
  45. ^ 我们的火车站 (DK51-2)
  46. ^ 我们的火车站 (MG51)
  47. ^ 蒸汽机车科普 (LCK10)
  48. ^ 蒸汽机车科普 (LCK20)
  49. ^ 我们的火车站 (XK9)