North Dallas Forty
|North Dallas Forty|
Theatrical release poster by Morgan Kane
|Directed by||Ted Kotcheff|
|Produced by||Frank Yablans|
|Screenplay by||Peter Gent|
|Based on||North Dallas Forty|
by Peter Gent
G. D. Spradlin
Savannah Smith Boucher
|Music by||John Scott|
|Edited by||Jay Kamen|
|Distributed by||Paramount Pictures|
|Box office||$26.1 million|
North Dallas Forty is a 1979 American sports comedy-drama film starring Nick Nolte, Mac Davis, and G. D. Spradlin set in the decadent world of American professional football in the late 1970s. It was directed by Ted Kotcheff and based on the best-selling 1973 novel by Peter Gent. The screenplay was by Kotcheff, Gent, Frank Yablans, and Nancy Dowd (uncredited). This was the first film role for Davis, a popular country music recording artist.
Though considered to possess "the best hands in the game", the aging Elliott has been benched and relies heavily on painkillers. Elliott and popular quarterback Seth Maxwell are outstanding players, but they also characterize the drug-, sex-, and alcohol-fueled party atmosphere of that era. Elliott wants only to play the game, retire, and live on a horse farm with his girlfriend Charlotte, who appears to be financially independent, and has no interest whatsoever in football.
The Bulls play for iconic Coach Strother, who turns a blind eye to anything that his players may be doing off the field or anything that his assistant coaches and trainers condone to keep those players in the game. The coach is focused on player "tendencies", a quantitative measurement of their performance, and seems less concerned about the human aspect of the game and the players. One player, Shaddock, finally erupts to assistant Coach Johnson: "Every time I call it a game, you call it a business. And every time I call it a business, you call it a game." The coaches manipulate Elliott to convince a younger, injured rookie on the team to start using painkillers.
Elliott's nonconformist attitude incurs the coach's wrath more than once, and at one point, the coach informs Elliott that his continuing attitude could affect his future with the Bulls. After the Bulls lose their final game of the season in Chicago, Elliott learns that a Dallas detective has been hired by the Bulls to follow him. They turn up proof of his marijuana use and a sexual relationship with a woman who intends to marry team executive Emmett Hunter, brother of owner Conrad Hunter. Though the detective witnessed quarterback Seth Maxwell engaging in similar behavior, he pretends not to have recognized him. After they tell him that he is to be suspended without pay pending a league hearing, Elliott, convinced that the entire investigation is merely a pretext to allow the team to save money on his contract, quits the game of football for good.
Behind the scenes
Based on the semiautobiographical novel by Peter Gent, a Cowboys wide receiver in the late 1960s, the film's characters closely resemble real-life team members of that era, with Seth Maxwell often compared to quarterback Don Meredith, B.A. Strother to Tom Landry, and Elliott to Gent. Of the story, Meredith said, "If I'd known Gent was as good as he says he was, I would have thrown to him more."
- Nick Nolte as Phil Elliott
- Mac Davis as Seth Maxwell
- G. D. Spradlin as B. A. Strother
- Dayle Haddon as Charlotte Caulder
- Bo Svenson as Joe Bob Priddy
- John Matuszak as O. W. Shaddock
- Marshall Colt as Art Hartman
- Steve Forrest as Conrad Hunter
- Dabney Coleman as Emmett Hunter
- Charles Durning as Coach Johnson
- Savannah Smith Boucher as Joanne Rodney
The film opened to good reviews, some critics calling it the best movie Ted Kotcheff made behind Fun with Dick and Jane and The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz. In her review for The New York Times, Janet Maslin wrote, "The central friendship in the movie, beautifully delineated, is the one between Mr. Nolte and Mac Davis, who expertly plays the team's quarterback, a man whose calculating nature and complacency make him all the more likable, somehow." Time magazine's Richard Schickel wrote, "'North Dallas Forty' retains enough of the original novel's authenticity to deliver strong, if brutish, entertainment". Newsweek magazine's David Ansen wrote, "The writers -- Kotcheff, Gent and producer Frank Yablans -- are nonetheless to be congratulated for allowing their story to live through its characters, abjuring Rocky-like fantasy configurations for the harder realities of the game. North Dallas Forty isn't subtle or finely tuned, but like a crunching downfield tackle, it leaves its mark."
However, in his review for The Globe and Mail, Rick Groen wrote, "North Dallas Forty descends into farce and into the lone man versus the corrupt system mentality deprives it of real resonance. It's still not the honest portrait of professional athletics that sport buffs have been waiting for." Sports Illustrated magazine's Frank Deford wrote, "If North Dallas Forty is reasonably accurate, the pro game is a gruesome human abattoir, worse even than previously imagined. Much of the strength of this impression can be attributed to Nick Nolte ... Unfortunately, Nolte's character, Phil Elliott, is often fuzzily drawn, which makes the actor's accomplishment all the more impressive." In his review for The Washington Post, Gary Arnold wrote, "Charlotte, who seemed a creature of rhetorical fancy in the novel, still remains a trifle remote and unassimilated. Dayle Haddon may also be a little too prim and standoffish to achieve a satisfying romantic chemistry with Nolte: Somehow, the temperaments don't mesh."
As of October 2020, North Dallas Forty holds a rating of 84% based on 25 reviews on Rotten Tomatoes. The site's critical consensus states: "Muddled overall, but perceptive and brutally realistic, North Dallas Forty also benefits from strong performances by Nick Nolte and Charles Durning. Football fans will likely find it fascinating."
The film grossed $2,787,489 in its opening weekend. The following weekend saw the weekend gross increase to $2,906,268. After 32 days from 654 theatres, it had grossed $19,010,710 and went on to gross $26,079,312 in the United States and Canada.
Differences from the novel
The novel highlights the relationship between the violent world of professional football with the violence inherent in the social structures and cultural mores of late 1960s American life, using a simulacrum of America's Team and the most popular sport in the United States as the metaphorical central focus. Recurring scenes of television and radio news reporting violent crimes, war and environmental destruction are scattered throughout various scenes, but left out in the same scenes recreated in the movie. Throughout the novel there is more graphic sex and violence, as well as drug and alcohol abuse without the comic overtones of the film; for instance, the harassment of an unwilling girl at a party that is played for laughs in the movie is a brutal near-rape at an orgy in the novel.
At the end of the novel, there is a shocking twist ending in which Phil returns to Charlotte to tell her he has left football and to presumably continue his relationship with her on her ranch, but finds that she and a black friend (David Clarke, who is not in the movie) have been regular lovers, unbeknownst to Phil, and that they have been violently murdered. The murderer is Charlotte's ex-boyfriend and football groupie Bob Boudreau (who is also not in the movie); Boudreau has been stalking her throughout the novel. In the novel, Charlotte was a widow whose husband was an Army officer who had been killed in Vietnam; Charlotte had told Phil that her husband had decided to resign his commission, but had been killed in action while the request was being processed.
- North Dallas Forty at the American Film Institute Catalog
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- Maslin, Janet (August 1, 1979). "Dallas Forty: Cynicism and Comedy". The New York Times. Retrieved 2011-02-23.
- Schickel, Richard (September 3, 1979). "Strong Medicine". Time. Retrieved 2011-02-23.
- Ansen, David (August 6, 1979). "A Locker Room with Soul". Newsweek.
- Groen, Rick (August 4, 1979). "Dallas fumbles cost film points". The Globe and Mail.
- Deford, Frank (August 27, 1979). "Good Flick On Bad Doings In The Pros". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 2011-02-23.
- Arnold, Gary (August 3, 1979). "A Battered Loner's Life in the Wars". Washington Post.
- "'No. Dallas 40' Hits $19-Mil. in 32 Days". Variety. September 12, 1979. p. 5.
- Oriard, Michael. "The Impact And The Darkness: The Lasting Effect Of Peter Gent's North Dallas Forty". Retrieved 29 December 2017.
- "North Dallas Forty (1979)". Retrieved 29 December 2017 – via www.imdb.com.