North East Derbyshire (UK Parliament constituency)

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North East Derbyshire
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of North East Derbyshire in Derbyshire for the 2010 general election.
Outline map
Location of Derbyshire within England.
County Derbyshire
Electorate 72,374 (December 2010)
Major settlements Clay Cross, Dronfield, Killamarsh, Staveley
Current constituency
Created 1885
Member of parliament Lee Rowley (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from East Derbyshire
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency East Midlands

North East Derbyshire is a constituency[n 1] created in 1885 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2017 by Lee Rowley of the Conservative Party.[n 2] This was the first time a Conservative candidate had been elected since 1935.

The seat has been relative to others a marginal seat since 2005 as its winner's majority has not exceeded 5.7% of the vote since the 23.2% majority won in that year. The seat has changed hands once since that year.

History[edit]

Summary of results

The seat was created in the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885. Until 1910, the area was regularly represented by a Liberal MP. From the 1935 to the 2015 elections inclusive N.E. Derbyshire returned Labour candidates in succession. In 2010 and 2015 the results featured marginal majorities (a majority of relatively few percentage points between the winner's and the runner-up's tallies). The runner-up candidate from 1945 to 2015 inclusive was Conservative. The 2015 result for example gave the seat the 17th-smallest majority of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority.[1] The seat was at the following election one of six gains between the two parties counterbalancing Conservative losses (the party emerged as the biggest single party by more than fifty seats and with an increased share of the vote but with a net loss of thirty seats). Rowley's local majority was 5.7% of votes cast.[2]

Other parties

In line with nationwide swing in 2015, UKIP fielded a candidate who won more than 5% of the vote therefore kept their deposit; the Liberal Democrat candidate forfeited their deposit in 2015. The Green Party fielded a candidate for the first time in 2015; the party's Kesteven forfeited his deposit. These three parties forfeited their deposits in 2017.

Turnout

Turnout has ranged from 58.9% in 2001 to 86.4% in 1950.

Constituency profile[edit]

In the 20th century mining and associated industries were an important source of employment and primary industries for the wider economy, though the former ceased around 1970. At about the same time, some ex-mining towns like Dronfield saw much middle class commuter house building in areas like Dronfield Woodhouse; jobs were typically in Sheffield and Chesterfield.

Boundaries[edit]

The boundaries of North East Derbyshire from 1983 to 2010

1885-1918: The Sessional Division of Eckington, and in the Sessional Division of Chesterfield the parishes of Bolsover, Staveley, and Whittington.

1918-1950: The Urban Districts of Bolsover and Dronfield, the Rural Districts of Clowne and Norton, and part of the Rural District of Chesterfield.

1950-1983: The Urban Districts of Clay Cross and Dronfield, and part of the Rural District of Chesterfield.

1983-2010: The District of North East Derbyshire wards of Ashover, Barlow and Holmesfield, Brampton and Walton, Clay Cross North, Clay Cross South, Coal Aston, Dronfield North, Dronfield South, Dronfield Woodhouse, Eckington North, Eckington South, Gosforth Valley, Hasland, Holmewood and Heath, Killamarsh East, Killamarsh West, North Wingfield Central, Renishaw, Ridgeway and Marsh Lane, Tupton, Unstone, and Wingerworth, and the Borough of Chesterfield wards of Barrow Hill and Hollingwood, and Lowgates and Woodthorpe.

2010–present: The District of North East Derbyshire wards of Ashover, Barlow and Holmesfield, Brampton and Walton, Clay Cross North, Clay Cross South, Coal Aston, Dronfield North, Dronfield South, Dronfield Woodhouse, Eckington North, Eckington South, Gosforth Valley, Grassmoor, Killamarsh East, Killamarsh West, North Wingfield Central, Renishaw, Ridgeway and Marsh Lane, Tupton, Unstone, and Wingerworth, and the Borough of Chesterfield wards of Barrow Hill and New Whittington, and Lowgates and Woodthorpe.

The North East Derbyshire constituency covers the north eastern part of Derbyshire, surrounding Chesterfield on three sides. It covers most of the area of North East Derbyshire District Council.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[3] Party Notes
1885 Francis Egerton Liberal
1886 Thomas Bolton Liberal Died 1906
1907 by-election William Harvey Liberal
Jan 1910 Labour Died 1914
1914 by-election George Bowden Unionist
1918 Stanley Holmes Liberal
1922 Frank Lee Labour
1931 Jardine Whyte Conservative
1935 Frank Lee Labour Died December 1941
1942 by-election Henry White Labour
1959 Tom Swain Labour Died March 1979; no by-election held due to imminent general election
1979 Ray Ellis Labour
1987 Harry Barnes Labour
2005 Natascha Engel Labour Second Deputy Chairman of Ways and Means 2015–2017
2017 Lee Rowley Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2017: North East Derbyshire[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Lee Rowley 24,784 49.2 Increase 12.5
Labour Natascha Engel 21,923 43.5 Increase 2.9
UKIP James Bush 1,565 3.1 Decrease 12.8
Liberal Democrat David Lomax 1,390 2.8 Decrease 1.4
Green David Kesteven 719 1.4 Decrease 0.8
Majority 2,861 5.7
Turnout 50,381 69.9 Increase 2.8
Conservative gain from Labour Swing Increase 4.8
General Election 2015: North East Derbyshire[4][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Natascha Engel[6] 19,488 40.6 +2.4
Conservative Lee Rowley[6] 17,605 36.7 +3.7
UKIP James Bush[7] 7,631 15.9 +10.3
Liberal Democrat David Batey[8] 2,004 4.2 -19.1
Green David Kesteven[9] 1,059 2.2 N/A
Independent Rob Lane 161 0.3 N/A
Majority 1,883 3.9 -1.3
Turnout 47,948 67.1 +1.2
Labour hold Swing -0.6
General Election 2010: North East Derbyshire[10][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Natascha Engel 17,948 38.2 -10.1
Conservative Huw Merriman 15,503 33.0 +7.0
Liberal Democrat Richard Bull 10,947 23.3 +1.8
UKIP James Bush 2,636 5.6 +1.2
Majority 2,445 5.2 −18.0
Turnout 47,034 65.9 +4.7
Labour hold Swing −8.6

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: North East Derbyshire[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Natascha Engel 21,416 49.3 −6.3
Conservative Dominic Johnson 11,351 26.1 −0.4
Liberal Democrat Tom Snowdon 8,812 20.3 +2.5
UKIP Kenneth Perkins 1,855 4.3 N/A
Majority 10,065 23.2 −5.9
Turnout 43,434 61.2 +2.3
Labour hold Swing −3.0
General Election 2001: North East Derbyshire[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Harry Barnes 23,437 55.6 −4.9
Conservative James Hollingsworth 11,179 26.5 +1.3
Liberal Democrat Mark Higginbottom 7,508 17.8 +3.5
Majority 12,258 29.1 −6.2
Turnout 42,124 58.9 −13.6
Labour hold Swing −3.1

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: North East Derbyshire[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Harry Barnes 31,425 60.5 +11.7
Conservative Simon Elliott 13,104 25.2 −13.0
Liberal Democrat Stephen Hardy 7,450 14.3 +1.3
Majority 18,321 35.3
Turnout 71.5 −12.1
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1992: North East Derbyshire[14][15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Harry Barnes 28,860 48.8 +4.4
Conservative John Hayes 22,590 38.2 +0.5
Liberal Democrat D Stone 7,675 13.0 −4.9
Majority 6,270 10.6 +3.9
Turnout 59,125 80.6 +1.3
Labour hold Swing +2.0

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: North East Derbyshire[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Harry Barnes 24,747 44.4 +3.6
Conservative John Hayes 21,027 37.7 +0.8
Social Democratic Stephen Hardy 9,985 17.9 −4.3
Majority 3,720 6.7 +2.8
Turnout 55,759 79.3
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1983: North East Derbyshire[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Raymond Ellis 21,094 40.8
Conservative I. Bridge 19,088 36.9
Social Democratic Stephen Hardy 11,494 22.2
Majority 2,006 3.9
Turnout 51,676 79.3
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: North East Derbyshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Raymond Ellis 27,218 48.1
Conservative E. Oliver 21,889 38.7
Liberal P. Hall 7,436 13.2
Majority 5,329 9.4
Turnout 79.9
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: North East Derbyshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Thomas Swain 25,234 49.9
Conservative J. C. Ramsden 14,997 29.7
Liberal C. Cook 10,336 20.4
Majority 10,237 20.2
Turnout 73.4
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: North East Derbyshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Thomas Swain 29,602 57.0
Conservative J. C. Ramsden 22,320 43.0
Majority 7,282 14.0
Turnout 78.4
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1970: North East Derbyshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Thomas Swain 38,181 60.9
Conservative John P Pashley 24,550 39.1
Majority 13,631 21.7
Turnout 69.8
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: North East Derbyshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Thomas Swain 38,723 66.9
Conservative Michael Fabian Spungin 19,123 33.1
Majority 19,600 33.9
Turnout 73.9
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1964: North East Derbyshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Thomas Swain 38,657 64.2
Conservative Michael Fabian Spungin 21,564 35.8
Majority 17,093 28.4
Turnout 77.9
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: North East Derbyshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Thomas Swain 37,444 62.9
Conservative Robert A Ward 22,112 37.1
Majority 15,332 25.7
Turnout 80.8
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1955: North East Derbyshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Henry White 34,965 66.5
Conservative George R Shaw 17,621 33.5
Majority 17,344 33.0
Turnout 76.7
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951: North East Derbyshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Henry White 33,376 66.7
Conservative Peter Hughes 16,655 33.3
Majority 16,721 33.4
Turnout 84.4
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1950: North East Derbyshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Henry White 33,417 66.3
Conservative George R Shaw 17,021 33.8
Majority 16,396 32.5
Turnout 86.4
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: North East Derbyshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Henry White 35,795 65.6
Conservative Ronald Edward Warlow 18,789 34.4
Majority 17,006 31.2
Turnout 79.0
Labour hold Swing
North East Derbyshire by-election, 1942
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Henry White Unopposed N/A N/A
Labour hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: North East Derbyshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frank Lee 25,382 57.2
Conservative Horace Trevor-Cox 15,802 35.6
Liberal Arthur Marwood 3,186 7.2
Majority 9,580 21.6
Turnout 77.9
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1931: North East Derbyshire[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Jardine Whyte 20,719 50.79
Labour Frank Lee 19,385 47.52
New Party Albert Vincent Williams 689 1.69
Majority 1,334 3.27
Turnout 79.35
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: North East Derbyshire[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frank Lee 21,633 54.6 +9.7
Unionist Rupert Eric Herbert Samuelson 9,167 23.1 -10.1
Liberal Harry Briggs 8,861 22.3 +0.4
Majority 12,466 31.5 -19.8
Turnout 79.8 +1.3
Labour hold Swing +9.9
General Election 1924: North East Derbyshire [19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frank Lee 13,420 44.9 +5.4
Unionist George Bowden 9,914 33.2 +1.7
Liberal Philip Guedalla 6,529 21.9 -7.1
Majority 3,506 11.7 +3.7
Turnout 29,863 78.5 +2.7
Labour hold Swing +1.8
General Election 1923: North East Derbyshire [19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frank Lee 10,971 39.5 +5.6
Unionist Charles Waterhouse 8,768 31.5 -0.7
Liberal Philip Guedalla 8,080 29.0 -4.9
Majority 2,203 8.0 +8.0
Turnout 27,819 75.8 -1.5
Labour hold Swing +3.1
General Election 1922: North East Derbyshire[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frank Lee 9,359 33.9
Liberal Stanley Holmes 9,344 33.9
Unionist Charles Waterhouse 8,877 32.2
Majority 15 0.0
Turnout 77.3
Labour gain from Liberal Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: North East Derbyshire[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Stanley Holmes 6,117 31.4 N/A
Labour Frank Lee 5,560 28.6 −27.7
Independent Unionist George Bowden 5,049 25.9 N/A
C Unionist Edward Cavendish 2,738 14.1 −29.6
Majority 557 2.8 N/A
Turnout 19,464 58.0 −20.7
Liberal gain from Labour Swing N/A
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

Bowden
North East Derbyshire by-election, 1914[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist George Bowden 6,469 39.7 -4.0
Liberal John Houfton 6,155 37.8 N/A
Labour James Martin 3,669 22.5 -33.8
Majority 314 1.9 N/A
Turnout 16,293 84.2 +5.5
Registered electors 19,340
Unionist gain from Labour Swing +14.9
Harvey
General Election December 1910:North East Derbyshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour W. E. Harvey 7,838 56.3 −1.3
Conservative Josiah Court 6,088 43.7 +1.3
Majority 1,750 12.6 −2.6
Turnout 13,926 78.7 −6.8
Registered electors 17,701
Labour hold Swing −1.3
General Election January 1910:North East Derbyshire[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour W. E. Harvey 8,715 57.6 N/A
Conservative Josiah Court 6,411 42.4 −1.1
Majority 2,304 15.2 N/A
Turnout 15,126 85.5 +0.2
Registered electors 17,701
Labour gain from Liberal Swing N/A

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

North East Derbyshire by-election, 1907[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Lib-Lab W. E. Harvey 6,644 52.9 −3.6
Conservative Josiah Court 5,915 47.1 +3.6
Majority 729 5.8 −7.2
Turnout 12,559 77.4 −7.9
Registered electors 16,233
Lib-Lab hold Swing −3.6
General Election 1906:North East Derbyshire[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Bolton 7,665 56.5 +5.2
Conservative Josiah Court 5,896 43.5 −5.2
Majority 1,769 13.0 +10.4
Turnout 13,561 85.3 +4.9
Registered electors 15,898
Liberal hold Swing +5.2
General Election 1900:North East Derbyshire[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Bolton 5,251 51.3 −1.6
Conservative Josiah Court 4,983 48.7 +1.6
Majority 268 2.6 −3.2
Turnout 10,234 80.4 −0.5
Registered electors 12,732
Liberal hold Swing −1.6

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

Thomas Bolton
General Election 1895: North East Derbyshire [22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Bolton 4,737 52.9 −10.3
Conservative Josiah Court 4,210 47.1 +10.3
Majority 527 5.8 −20.6
Turnout 8,947 80.9 +3.5
Registered electors 11,066
Liberal hold Swing −10.3
General Election 1892: North East Derbyshire [22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Bolton 5,206 63.2 +8.1
Conservative Frederick Gorell Barnes 3,034 36.8 −8.1
Majority 2,172 26.4 +16.2
Turnout 8,240 77.4 +1.0
Registered electors 10,643
Liberal hold Swing +8.1

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1886: North East Derbyshire [22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Bolton 3,879 55.1 −11.2
Liberal Unionist Charles Markham 3,158 44.9 +11.2
Majority 721 10.2 −22.4
Turnout 7,037 76.4 −5.4
Registered electors 9,207
Liberal hold Swing −11.2
General Election 1885: North East Derbyshire [22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Francis Egerton 4,999 66.3 N/A
Conservative Charles Gould 2,536 33.7 N/A
Majority 2,463 32.6 N/A
Turnout 7,535 81.8 N/A
Registered electors 9,207
Liberal win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 29 January 2017
  2. ^ a b "Derbyshire North East parliamentary constituency - Election 2017". BBC News. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  3. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "D" (part 1)
  4. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  5. ^ a b "BBC NEWS – Election 2010 – Derbyshire North East". BBC News. 
  6. ^ a b "DERBYSHIRE NORTH EAST 2015". electionresults.blogspot.co.uk. 
  7. ^ Bush, James (22 February 2015). "@AndyJSajs yes I am the Ukip candidate for NE Derbyshire". 
  8. ^ "David Batey - Parliamentary Candidate for North East Derbyshire". 
  9. ^ https://yournextmp.com/constituency/65676/north-east-derbyshire/
  10. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  11. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  12. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  13. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  14. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  15. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  16. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  17. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  18. ^ a b The Constitutional Year Book 1936, p.222
  19. ^ a b British parliamentary election results, 1918-1949 by FWS Craig
  20. ^ a b The Liberal Year Book 1924, p.203
  21. ^ The Constitutional Year Book 1914, p.3
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)

Coordinates: 53°14′N 1°33′W / 53.24°N 1.55°W / 53.24; -1.55