North East Lanarkshire by-election, 1904

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The North East Lanarkshire by-election was a Parliamentary by-election. It returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the United Kingdom, elected by the first past the post voting system.

Vacancy[edit]

Sir William Henry Rattigan had been Liberal Unionist MP for the seat of North East Lanarkshire since the North East Lanarkshire by-election, 1901. He died on 4 July 1904 at the age of 62.[1]

Electoral history[edit]

The seat had been Liberal Unionist since they gained it in 1901;

North East Lanarkshire by-election, 1901[2] Electorate 16,894
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist William Henry Rattigan 5,673 42.6 -1.3
Liberal Cecil Harmsworth 4,769 35.7 -20.4
Scottish Workers Robert Smillie 2,900 21.7 n/a
Majority 6.9 19.1
Turnout 79.0
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing

Candidates[edit]

  • The Conservatives selected 43-year-old George Touche to defend the seat. In 1883 he was admitted to the Society of Accountants in Edinburgh. In 1889 he was appointed first secretary of the Industrial and General Trust, later becoming manager, director in 1898. In 1899 he founded his own practice, George A. Touch & Co.[3]
  • The local Liberal Association selected 60-year-old Alexander Findlay as their candidate.
  • Thirty-seven-year-old John Robertson stood as candidate for the Scottish Workers' Representation Committee. He was Chairman of the Scottish Miners' Union.

Campaign[edit]

Polling Day was fixed for 10 August 1904.

Result[edit]

The Liberals gained the seat from the Conservatives;

George Touche
North East Lanarkshire by-election, 1904[4] Electorate 18,922
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Alexander Findlay 5,619 39.3 +3.6
Conservative George Touche 4,677 32.8 -9.8
Scottish Workers John Robertson 3,984 27.9 +6.2
Majority 942 6.5 13.4
Turnout 75.5 -3.5
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing

Aftermath[edit]

At the following General Election the result was;

John Robertson
General Election January 1906[5] Electorate
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Alexander Findlay 6,436 40.4 +1.1
Conservative Hugh Elliot 4,838 30.4 -2.4
Scottish Workers John Robertson 4,658 29.2 +1.3
Majority 10.0 +3.5
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing

References[edit]

  1. ^ Who's Who;www.whoswho.com
  2. ^ British parliamentary election results 1885-1918 by Craig
  3. ^ Who's Who;www.whoswho.com
  4. ^ British parliamentary election results 1885-1918 by Craig
  5. ^ British parliamentary election results 1885-1918 by Craig