North European Plain
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The North European Plain (German: Norddeutsches Tiefland, 'North German Plain', or Mitteleuropäische Tiefebene; Polish: Nizina Środkowoeuropejska, 'Middle European Plain'; Danish: Nordeuropæiske Lavland and Dutch: Noord-Europese Laagvlakte, both meaning 'Northern European Plain'), is a geomorphological region in Europe, mostly in Poland, Denmark, Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands (Low Countries), with small parts of northern France and Czech Republic.
It consists of the low plains between the Hercynian Europe (Central European Highlands) to the south and coastlines of the North Sea and the Baltic Sea to the north. These two seas are separated by the Jutland Peninsula (Denmark). The North European Plain is connected to the East European Plain, together forming the majority of the Great European Plain (European Plain).
The Northern European Plain's main use is commercial farming, with little natural vegetation remaining.
Elevations vary between 0 and 200 m (0 to about 650 ft). While mostly used as farmland, the region also contains bogs, heath and lakes. On the North Sea coast one finds the Wadden Sea, a large tidal area.
The North European Plain covers Flanders (northern Belgium), the Netherlands, Northern Germany, Denmark, and most of central-western Poland; it touches the Czech Republic and southwestern part of Sweden as well.
Parts of eastern England can also be considered part of the same plain; as they share its low-lying character and were connected by land to the continent during the last ice age. The Northern European Plains are located also under the Baltic Sea.
The bases of these rivers are heavy with thin soil, making it hard for the farming industry to thrive in the located rivers.
North German Plain
- Baltic Lagoons
- Lowlands-L, an international discussion community dealing with the North European Plain, its cultures, language varieties, history, etc.; also dealing with Lowlands-based heritage in Britain, North America, Australia, etc.
- Clickable map (in Russian)