Fitzroy North, Victoria
|Population||11,473 (2011 census)|
|• Density||4,780/km2 (12,380/sq mi)|
|Area||2.4 km2 (0.9 sq mi)|
|Location||4 km (2 mi) NE of Melbourne|
Fitzroy North is a inner-city suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 4 km north-east of Melbourne's Central Business District. Its local government area are the cities of Yarra and Moreland. At the 2011 Census, Fitzroy North had a population of 11,473.
Fitzroy North is home to the northern sections of Brunswick Street and Smith Street, two of Melbourne's major nightlife, retail and dining strips famous their live music venues, cafes and alternative fashion shops.
Often referred to as North Fitzroy in reference to its southern neighbour, Fitzroy North has a distinct character, and noted for its prevalence of wide streets, intact Victorian and Edwardian era terraced housing and for the Edinburgh Gardens, a large inner-city park formerly home to the Fitzroy Football Club. Fitzroy North is adjacent to, and shares a postcode and neighbourhood character with Clifton Hill, both being government subdivisions set on elevated ground and to the same layout by Clement Hodgkinson in the 1870s, and distinct from the earlier narrow and more crowded private subdivisions in the lower lying areas of Fitzroy and Collingwood to the south.
The western border of Fitzroy North is demarcated by Nicholson Street and the famous 96 tram line, the busiest in Melbourne and described as one of the world's top 10 tram rides, highly popular with both commuters and tourists alike.
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Fitzroy North Post Office opened on 2 February 1874.
Housing stock includes many fine one and two storey terraces, many dating to the late Victorian period and including characteristic ironwork, verandahs, and stone embellishments. This is one of Melbourne's finest and most expensive inner-city locations. John McMahon, twice elected Mayor of Fitzroy built, firstly in 1886, two townhouses at 53/55 Alfred Crescent, and then in 1890 a large and impressive mansion which he called "Avonmore" at 75 Alfred Crescent. Both were designed by Olaf Nicholson, the architect. On one side of the crescent, is a large park, overlooked by John's and other houses called Edinburgh Gardens, with a famous football oval, bordered by Freeman Street, Brunswick Street, St Georges Road and Alfred Crescent. This park was saved for the people of Fitzroy by John McMahon, when he obtained permanent possession during his first year of Mayorship. An attempt was made by the Government of which Mr. Vale was a member, to have a large portion of it excised for public housing. Mr. McMahon had Minister Gaunson permanently gazette the land for the people. John also built a terrace of ten shops which he called "Gladstone Terraces" at St. Georges Road.John McMahon was also the chairman and founding president of the Fitzroy Football Club. The Brunswick Street Oval was the home ground of the Fitzroy Football Club until 1967, playing in the Victorian Football League. A linear park, incorporating a section of the Capital City Trail bike path, runs along much of the northern edge of the suburb, on the easement for the Inner Circle railway line, which closed in 1948.
Fitzroy North (often called North Fitzroy) is theoretically joined to Fitzroy, but in reality the two are as separate as any suburbs in the inner city. They were always bisected by the width of Alexandra Parade (earlier Reilly Street), but with the building of the Eastern Freeway in the 1970s and its connection the Parade, the volume of traffic became an overwhelming barrier. Fitzroy North is also distinct in character, with less commercial activity, wider, quieter, leafier streets, and clear delineation to the east provided by the green Merri Creek corridor.
Most of Fitzroy North is single and double storey Victorian and Edwardian housing, comprising rows of terraces, with a mixture of semi-attached and freestanding houses on small to moderately sized blocks. Large parts of the suburb are protected by heritage controls. The suburb is relatively intact and consistent in character, having had far less industrial and commercial development in its formative years than its southern namesake.
Fitzroy North also has some distinctive apartment complexes, mostly built within the last 15 years. Another, on St Georges Road at Park Street, is a redevelopment of the old Fire Station, with an extension at the back reminiscent of three concrete grain silos.
The main commercial activity in Fitzroy North is on Brunswick Street, St Georges Road and the northern side of Queens Parade, the latter having particularly wide footpaths for a Melbourne commercial strip. Piedimontes, at the corner of St Georges Road and Scotchmer Street,is a well-established independent supermarket well known for its continental delicatessen.
To get to North Fitzroy from the Melbourne CBD, you can travel using the following options:
- Number 96 tram from Bourke Street, along Nicholson Street.
- Number 11 tram from Collins Street, along Brunswick Street and St Georges Road.
- Number 86 tram from Bourke Street, which also travels a short distance along Nicholson Street, turns at Gertrude Street, turns again into Smith Street and again into Queens Parade.
- Alternatively, take the train to Rushall Station, on the South Morang line. Rushall Station is located on Rushall Crescent, in the north east of the suburb.
The suburb contains five schools - Fitzroy High School, Merri Creek Primary, Fitzroy Community School, Deutsche Schule Melbourne, an independent co-educational English-German bilingual school and North Fitzroy Primary School. North Fitzroy Primary School has received state media attention for its canteen's healthy menu. It also has a LOTE program for Italian language, which is undertaken by all students and hosts large Italian-related events, such as Carnevale.
- City of Fitzroy, the former local government area of which Fitzroy North was a part
- Rushall Garden, a community garden situated on former railway land in Fitzroy North
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Fitzroy North (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
- "Tram 96 travels tracks to glory". The Age. 8 March 2008. Retrieved 4 November 2013.
- "Tram 96 among the world's best — but could be even better". Public Transport Users Association. 8 March 2008. Retrieved 4 November 2013.
- Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Retrieved 11 April 2008.
- FCS - Fitzroy Community School, Independent Alternative Primary School
- Wilmoth, Peter (21 August 2005). "It's all fit for eating at North Fitz". The Age. Retrieved 3 June 2007.