North Greenbush, New York
|Official name: Town of North Greenbush|
|Name origin: From being the northern half of the old town of Greenbush;
Greenbush from the Dutch Greenen Bosch, meaning "pinewood" for the pine forests of the area
|Elevation||531 ft (162 m)|
|Lowest point||sea level|
|- elevation||0 ft (0 m)|
|Area||19.0 sq mi (49 km2)|
|- land||18.7 sq mi (48 km2)|
|- water||0.3 sq mi (1 km2)|
|Incorporation as town||1855|
|- location||Town Hall|
|- summer (DST)||EDT (UTC−4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0979287|
|Wikimedia Commons: North Greenbush, New York|
The town has three main hamlets, Wynantskill in the northwestern corner, Defreestville in the southern portion of the town, and Snyder's Lake which occupies the majority of the town's east end. Both have strong identities and hinder efforts by the town to have a centralized identity. Also hindering a unified town image is that North Greenbush consists of parts of four different school districts, only one of which (a one-room schoolhouse) carries the town's name; two fire departments (Wynantskill and Defreestville); and three ZIP codes (Troy, Rensselaer, and Wynantskill). North Greenbush is home to the southern part of the Hudson Valley Community College (HVCC) campus, including the Joseph L. Bruno Stadium, home to the Tri-City ValleyCats minor league baseball team; the RPI Tech Park; the La Salle Institute; the New York State National Guard Armory, headquarters for the Rainbow Division; and various Rensselaer County government institutions.
North Greenbush was part of the Manor of Rensselaerswyck, and Albany County prior to Rensselaer County's creation in 1791. North Greenbush was created on February 23, 1855 from the town of Greenbush at the same time as the town of Clinton (today East Greenbush). At this time North Greenbush occupied more than what it does today, it also covered what is now the northern section of the city of Rensselaer and the southern section of the city of Troy.
The earliest settlers, in the early 1620s settled in Bath, a part of the town annexed to Rensselaer in 1902. Some settlement in what is today North Greenbush may have occurred in the 17th century as well, but most significant early settlement occurred just prior to the US Revolutionary War. Early settlements in the town were at Bath, Wynantskill, and Defreestville. In 1874 Bath became incorporated as a village, and in 1902 it was annexed to Rensselaer. Wynantskill, in the northeastern corner of the town was first settled around the end of the 18th century with a Dutch Reformed Church established around 1794, and a post office was established in 1820. Defreestville was originally called Blooming Grove until around 1830 when it was changed due to confusion with another Blooming Grove in Orange County, New York, it was named Defreestville for David M. De Freest and family who owned a tavern there. Defreestville and Wynantskill continue to be important hamlets in the town. Snyders Lake would in the 20th century also become an important community. Snyders Lake was developed as summer residences and continues to lack a central business district.
During the 20th century North Greenbush would begin to see more development thanks to an improved transportation infrastructure which led to increased suburban residential, office, and retail growth based on the automobile. In 1931 the road between Troy and East Greenbush was widened and the right-of-way straightened as US Route 4. The older, narrower, winding residential parts of the road were bypassed and is today's Bloomingrove Drive. Starting in the 1940s and 50s suburban growth along Route 4 would begin to displace farms and local businesses with national chains with an automobile oriented pattern of growth. This suburban growth would be encouraged by the construction of Interstate 90 (I-90) and the Patroon Island Bridge in the 1960s making North Greenbush an easy commute to Albany. I-90 would not have a direct exit to North Greenbush until 1996 though, when Exit 8 was constructed connecting US 4 and NY Route 43 to the interstate. In the 1970s Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI) began developing the RPI Tech Park on Route 4 as a business incubator, today it has over 1,000,000 square feet (93,000 m2) of office space. A connector highway will eventually also go from Exit 8 parallel to US 4 north through the RPI Tech Park and meet US 4 near Hudson Valley Community College (HVCC) at the Troy city line.
Not all suburban growth has been well received in the town however. In the late 1990s the RPI Tech Park became the focus of regional and statewide push to get a chip fabrication factory (chip fab plant) built. The RPI Tech Park site originally met little opposition from the town. But as time progressed opposition grew in response to concerns about potential impacts on traffic and the environment. The RPI Tech Park site, which by October 1999 had become one of only nine sites still being marketed by the state, was terminated when the North Greenbush town council voted to terminate the review process. Another instance of NIMBY opposition to development occurred after the construction of I-90's Exit 8 when that location became well-primed for commercial development. Local developer Frank Nigro with Nigro Company proposed a high-end shopping center for the north-east corner of the intersection of routes 4 and 43. This led to lawsuits and a failed push by residents of Defreestville to incorporate as a village in order to stop the development; and a counter-move by the developer and certain landowners to attempt annexation to the neighboring city of Rensselaer where the development would be better received.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 19.0 square miles (49 km2), of which, 18.7 square miles (48 km2) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2) of it (1.74%) is water. The western section of the town is steeply sloped and cut by various ravines, the clay bluffs rise between 100 and 200 feet (61 m) above the river with little to no flood plain. The central and eastern parts consist of more gently rolling hills and valleys. The Hudson River is the river of the town, though it is inaccessible to the public at this time, the Wynants Kill in the northeastern section is a creek of some respectable size. Snyder's Lake near the eastern border is the largest lake in the town and is accessible to the public.
The west town line is marked by the Hudson River with Albany County on the opposite shore. The city of Albany shares a brief common border with the town, the rest of the western boundary in the Hudson River is shared with the village of Menands within the town of Colonie. To the north is Troy and the town of Brunswick with the towns of Poestenkill and Sand Lake to the east. Most of the southern border is shared with East Greenbush, while the city of Rensselaer's northern section is partially surrounded by North Greenbush in the town's southwestern corner.
||City of Troy, Town of Brunswick|
|Hudson River/Albany County
Town of Colonie
Village of Menands
|Town of Poestenkill
Town of Sand Lake
Hamlet of West Sand Lake
|City of Rensselaer||Town of East Greenbush|
As of the census of 2000, there were 10,805 people, 4,161 households, and 2,916 families residing in the town. The population density was 578.0 people per square mile (223.2/km²). There were 4,336 housing units at an average density of 232.0 per square mile (89.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.81% White, 1.01% African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.76% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.24% from other races, and 1.08% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.85% of the population.
There were 4,161 households out of which 30.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.5% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.9% were non-families. 25.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.97.
In the town the age distribution of the population shows 22.6% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, and 18.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 89.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $55,422, and the median income for a family was $62,845. Males had a median income of $40,872 versus $29,743 for females. The per capita income for the town was $24,025. About 2.0% of families and 3.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.0% of those under age 18 and 2.5% of those age 65 or over.
Communities and locations in North Greenbush
- Defreestville – A hamlet in the southwest part of the town. The Sharpe Homestead and Cemetery and John Evert Van Alen House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
- Snyders Corner – A hamlet north of Snyder's Lake and southeast of Wynantskill.
- Snyder's Lake – An unofficial hamlet which occupies the majority of North Greenbush's eastern side.
- Wynantskill – A hamlet on the north town line by the town's northeast corner.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
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- Karen Hartgen and Sam Swanson. "Town History". Town of North Greenbush. Retrieved 2010-01-26.
- Laura Lee (June 12, 1998). "Review of chip plan on track". Albany Times Union. Retrieved 2009-09-29.
- Michele Morgan Bolton (March 5, 1999). "Public sees two sides to chip plant". Albany Times Union. Retrieved 2009-09-29.
- Michele Morgan Bolton (October 15, 1999). "Board rejects chip plants". Albany Times Union. Retrieved 2009-09-29.
- Kate Perry (July 6, 2006). "Court allows plaza project". Albany Times Union. Archived from the original on January 15, 2010. Retrieved 2010-01-28.
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