North Greenland

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This article is about the former Danish colony. For the former Greenlandic county, see Avannaa.
North Greenland
nord Grønland
Colony of Denmark–Norway (1728?-1814)
Colony of Denmark (1814-1950)

Flag of North Greenland

Flag of Denmark

Location of North Greenland
North Greenland in Dark Green. South Greenland in Light Green. Mainland Denmark in Lime Green.
Government Monarchy
 •  1728-1730 Frederick IV first
 •  1947-1950 Frederick IX last
Governor/Royal inspectors
 •  1782–1786 Johan Friedrich Schwabe first
 •  1945–1950 Carl Fredrik Simony last
 •  Established 1728?
 •  Disestablished 1950
Today part of  Greenland

North Greenland was a Danish colony on Greenland consisting of the trading centers and missionary stations along the northwest coast of the island. Its capital was at Godhavn (modern Qeqertarsuaq).[1] The southernmost town of North Greenland was Egedesminde, which bordered Holsteinborg, which was the northernmost town of South Greenland. This boundary between North and South Greenland ran at around 68°N degree of latitude, and in the North, North Greenland stretched to 78°N[2] to enclose Thule.

In 1911, as the administration of the colony was removed from the Royal Greenland Trading Department and folded into the Danish Ministry of the Interior, a provincial council (Danish: landsråd) was established. It was elected indirectly from the local councils and had little say in the management of the colony.

North Greenland was united with South Greenland in 1950,[verification needed] with the administration for the northern settlements moved to Godthaab (modern Nuuk).

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Brewster, David. "Greenland". The Edinburgh Encyclopedia, Vol 10. J. & E. Parker, 1832.
  2. ^ James Bell: A System of Geography. Glasgow 1892 p. 281 CHAP. III-GREENLAND.