Hagley Park, Christchurch
|Hagley Park, Christchurch|
Aerial view of Hagley Park, showing (from top) North Hagley Park, the Botanic Gardens, and South Hagley Park
|Operated by||Christchurch City Council|
|Status||Open all year|
Hagley Park is the largest urban open space (164.637 hectares) in Christchurch, New Zealand, and was created in 1855 by the Provincial Government. According to the government's decree at that time, Hagley Park is "reserved forever as a public park, and shall be open for the recreation and enjoyment of the public." Hagley Park is characterised by its trees and broad open spaces. Hagley Park was named after Hagley Park, the country estate of Lord Lyttelton, who became chairman of the Canterbury Association in March 1850.
The boundaries of the park, which is located in the central city of Christchurch, are defined by both the Avon River and the surrounding roadways. The longest road boundary is that along Deans Avenue on the western side adjacent to the suburb of Riccarton.
To the north and northeast, the natural path of the Avon River bounds the park. Moorhouse Avenue and Hagley Avenue form the south and south-eastern boundaries, respectively. Along the eastern boundary, the Park is defined by the two kilometre loop of the Avon River, which extends into the side of Hagley Park.
The Christchurch Botanic Gardens (21.14 hectares) are located within this loop and frequent bridges provide connections. The Botanic Gardens contain a collection of beautiful flowers and trees from around the world. The gardens attract many birds to the park, and sightseers frequently visit the park to view the plants and the wildlife.
Two major avenues subdivide the park into three units. The northern unit is Little Hagley Park (6.96 hectares), with North Hagley Park (87.17 hectares) lying to the south of Harper Avenue. South Hagley Park (70.507 hectares) lies to the south of North Hagley Park, separated by Riccarton Avenue.
At various times, it was proposed to build additional roads through the park. In the 1860s, it was considered to connect Armagh Street with the Great South Road (now called Riccarton Road).
In its early days, Hagley Park was used for horse races. Hagley Park has frequently been a site for gathering large crowds together: it served as the location for the Great Industrial Exposition of 1882 and the New Zealand International Exhibition in 1906–1907. In 1906, the Australasian tennis championships (now known as the Australian Open) were held in Hagley Park as part of the Grand Slam. The singles event was won by Tony Wilding, who defeated Francis Fisher in three sets.
- Hagley Park Management Plan Archived 22 May 2010 at the Wayback Machine, Christchurch City Council; New Zealand.
- "Archives New Zealand Christchurch Online: Hagley Park". Archives.govt.nz. Retrieved 13 March 2017.
- "'Canterbury' arrived Lyttelton October 1851". Freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com. Retrieved 13 March 2017.
- "Road through Hagley Park". The Star (138). 21 October 1868. p. 2. Retrieved 25 January 2015.
- "Hagley Park Races". Lyttelton Times. II (103). 25 December 1852. p. 10. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
- "Tennis Championships. Plat at Christchurch". The Evening Post. 27 December 1906. Retrieved 4 March 2011.
- "Lawn Tennis". Poverty Bay Herald. 31 December 1906. Retrieved 4 March 2011.
- "Hagley Park, Christchurch". Christchurch City Council. Archived from the original on 10 June 2011. Retrieved 22 June 2011.
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