North Head Light

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North Head Light
North Head Light WA.jpg
North Head Light is located in Washington (state)
North Head Light
Location Ilwaco, Washington
Coordinates 46°17′56″N 124°04′43″W / 46.2990°N 124.0785°W / 46.2990; -124.0785Coordinates: 46°17′56″N 124°04′43″W / 46.2990°N 124.0785°W / 46.2990; -124.0785[1]
Year first constructed 1897-1898
Year first lit 1898
Automated 1961
Foundation Surface
Tower shape Conical
Height 65 feet (20 m)
Focal height 194 feet (59 m)
Original lens First order Fresnel lens
Characteristic Two white flashes every 30 s, flashes separated by 7.5 s
Admiralty number G4718
ARLHS number USA 553
USCG number 6-0700

North Head Lighthouse is an active aid to navigation overlooking the Pacific Ocean from North Head, a rocky promontory located approximately two miles north of Cape Disappointment and the mouth of the Columbia River,[2] near Ilwaco, Pacific County, in the U.S. state of Washington.[3] It is part of Cape Disappointment State Park.[4]

History[edit]

The North Head Light was constructed in 1897 after mariners complained that the Cape Disappointment Lighthouse, installed in 1856, was obscured to ships approaching from the north by the headland extending southwest from the light. The new lighthouse was designed by Carl Leick, with a 65-foot (20 m) tower set on a 130-foot (40 m) cliff directly facing the ocean and clearly visible to ships traveling from the north.[5] Other buildings included two oil houses east of the lighthouse, a keeper’s residence, duplex housing for two assistant keepers, a barn, and outbuildings, all of which remain on site.[6]

The first-order lens at the Cape Disappointment Light was moved to North Head and was first lit at its new location in 1898. In 1935, the first-order lens was replaced by a fourth-order lens. That lens was eventually replaced by an aerobeacon in the 1950s, and later by a modern optic mounted outside the tower. A Crous-Hinds aero marine beacon was put into use at the lighthouse August 1, 1961, and the light was automated in December of that year.[7] A VRB-25 aerobeacon was installed in 1999.[8] The original first-order lens is on display at the Lewis and Clark Interpretive Center in Cape Disappointment State Park. The fourth-order lens is exhibited at the Columbia River Maritime Museum in Astoria, Oregon.[9]

In November 2012, the Coast Guard turned over ownership of the light station to Washington State Parks. Repair and restoration efforts are being undertaken by the state and an independent preservation group, Keepers of the North Head Lighthouse,[8] which is an arm of the non-profit Friends of the Columbia River Gateway.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "North Head Lighthouse". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 
  2. ^ "Historic Light Station Information & Photography: Washington". U.S. Coast Guard. Retrieved April 17, 2015. 
  3. ^ "North Head Light". Inventory of Historic Light Stations: Washington Lighthouses. National Park Service. Archived from the original on April 5, 2004. Retrieved May 7, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Cape Disappointment State Park". Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission. Retrieved May 7, 2015. 
  5. ^ "North Head, WA". Lighthousefriends. Retrieved April 17, 2015. 
  6. ^ "History of the Keepers of the North Head Lighthouse". Keepers of the North Head Lighthouse. Retrieved April 17, 2015. 
  7. ^ "13th Coast Guard District Lighthouses". 13th Coast Guard District. January 1996. Retrieved April 17, 2015. 
  8. ^ a b Rowlett, Russ (October 19, 2014). "Lighthouses of the United States: Washington". University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved May 7, 2015. 

More reading[edit]

Sharlene and Ted Nelson (1998). Umbrella Guide to Washington Lighthouses. Epicenter Press. ISBN 9780945397700. 

External links[edit]