North Hwanghae Province

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North Hwanghae Province

황해북도
Korean transcription(s)
 • Chosŏn'gŭl
 • Hancha
 • McCune‑ReischauerHwanghaebuk-to
 • Revised RomanizationHwanghaebuk-do
Location of North Hwanghae Province
CountryNorth Korea
RegionHaeso
CapitalSariwon
Subdivisions3 cities; 19 counties
Government
 • Party Committee ChairmanRyang Jong-hun[1] (WPK)
 • People's Committee ChairmanIm Hun[1]
Area
 • Total8,154 km2 (3,148 sq mi)
Population
 (2008)
 • Total2,113,672
 • Density260/km2 (670/sq mi)
DialectHwanghae

North Hwanghae Province (Hwanghaebuk-to; Korean pronunciation: [hwaŋ.ɦɛ.buk̚.t͈o]) is a province of North Korea. The province was formed in 1954 when the former Hwanghae Province was split into North and South Hwanghae. The provincial capital is Sariwon. The province is bordered by Pyongyang and South Pyongan to the north, Kangwon to the east, Kaesong Industrial Region and South Korea's Gyeonggi Province to the south, and South Hwanghae southwest. In 2003, Kaesong Directly Governed City (Kaesong Chikhalsi) became part of North Hwanghae.

Administrative divisions[edit]

North Hwanghae is divided into 3 cities ("si") and 19 counties ("kun"). Three of these counties (Chunghwa, Kangnam, and Sangwon) were added to the province in 2010 after being split from Pyongyang.[2]

Landscape near Koksan in North Hwanghae Province, North Korea.

Cities[edit]

Counties[edit]

Transportation[edit]

North Hwanghae is connected to the rest of the country by way of the Pyongbu Railway Line (known in South Korea as the Kyongui Line), which, in theory, runs from Pyongyang to Pusan; however, in reality, the line is cut short by the Korean Demilitarized Zone. It is also served by several large highways, most notably the Pyongyang-Kaesong Motorway.

Education[edit]

There are several higher-level educational institutions in North Hwanghae, all government-run. These include the Kye Ung Sang Sariwon University of Agriculture, the Sariwon University of Geology, and the Sariwon Teachers University.

Culture[edit]

Historic landmarks[edit]

North Hwanghae has many historical relics as the site of the Koryo-dynasty capital at Kaesong, a depository for many famous historic relics. The province is also home to the tombs of many of the Koryo monarchs, the most famous being the tombs of kings Taejo and Kongmin, though others are spread throughout Kaesong and Kaepung county. Kaesong also houses the Koguryo-era Taehungsan Fortress, built to protect the kingdom's capital at Pyongyang and enclosing the famous Kwanum Temple. Nearby to Sariwin is the famous Jongbangsan Fortress, another Koguryo satellite for the defense of Pyongyang. This fortress encompasses the 9th-century Songbulsa Buddhist temple, one of the oldest and most picturesque in the country.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Organizational Chart of North Korean Leadership" (PDF). Seoul: Political and Military Analysis Division, Intelligence and Analysis Bureau; Ministry of Unification. January 2018. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  2. ^ "Pyongyang now more than one-third smaller; food shortage issues suspected", Asahi Shinbun, 2010-07-17, retrieved 2010-07-19

External links[edit]