North Korea–United Kingdom relations

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North Korea–United Kingdom relations
Map indicating locations of United Kingdom and North Korea

United Kingdom

North Korea
North Korean embassy in London, United Kingdom.

North Korea-United Kingdom Relations (Korean: 영국-조선민주주의인민공화국 관계) are the bilateral relations between North Korea and the United Kingdom.

North Korea has an embassy in London and the United Kingdom has an embassy in Pyongyang which opened in 2003 and 2001 respectively after diplomatic relations were established between the two countries in 2000.

History[edit]

During the Korean War the two countries were on opposing sides with the UK overseeing the British Commonwealth Forces Korea serving the United Nations (UN). Later during the Cold War the United Kingdom was a strong ally of the United States while North Korea was an ally of the Soviet Union.

Following initial progress in North Korea–South Korea relations, North Korea and the United Kingdom established diplomatic relations on 12 December 2000, opening resident embassies in London and Pyongyang. The United Kingdom provides English language and human rights training to DPRK officials, urging the North Korean government to allow a visit by the UN Special Rapporteur for Human Rights, and it oversees bilateral humanitarian projects in North Korea.[1][2]

An edited version of the British Film, Bend It Like Beckham was broadcast on North Korean state television on 26 December 2010, Boxing Day. The British Ambassador to South Korea, Martin Uden, said it was the "first ever Western made film to air on television" in North Korea.[3]

The United Kingdom has been critical of the Nuclear programme of North Korea.[4]

On 5 April 2013, the North Korean government advised the British Embassy, and all other missions, that the safety of their missions could not be assured past 10 April 2013. This was part of the North Korean government's response to UN Resolution 2094 and deterioration of North Korean relations with South Korea and the United States.[5]

In August 2016, the Deputy Ambassador of North Korea to the United Kingdom, Thae Yong-ho, defected to South Korea with the assistance of British SIS officials.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ British Foreign & Commonwealth Office – North Korea
  2. ^ Steven Denny (16 June 2012). "Divergence toward the Far East: A Survey of UK-North Korean Relations". Sino-NK. Retrieved 19 July 2015.
  3. ^ "North Korea bends it like Beckham in UK film first". BBC. 30 December 2010. Retrieved 30 December 2010.
  4. ^ Harris, Dominic (12 February 2013). "A violation of UN resolutions': William Hague condemns North Korea nuclear test". The Independent. Retrieved 14 February 2013.
  5. ^ Moore, Malcolm (5 April 2013). "North Korea: we can't keep you safe, Pyongyang tells foreign embassies". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 6 April 2013.
  6. ^ Harding, Luke (17 August 2016). "High-ranking North Korean diplomat in London defects to South Korea". The Guardian. Retrieved 13 December 2016.

Further reading[edit]

  • Everard, John Vivian (2012). Only Beautiful, Please: A British Diplomat in North Korea. Stanford: Walter H. Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center. ISBN 978-1-931368-25-4.